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Introduction Fortification of staple food, such as rice, can be an excellent tool to improve the nutrition and health especially in low- and middle-income countries, where micronutrient deficiency burden is an extensive problem [ 1 ]. Rice is the

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reconstituted for soup making. The ingredients used for tarhana preparation can vary from region to region, however, cereals and yogurt are the main components ( D aǧlioǧlu , 2000 ). Immature rice grain is one of the by-products of rice milling process. Immature

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. A. S. Institute Inc., SAS/STAT User’s Guide, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, 2003 [20] PATH, Ultra Rice Technology, http://www.path.org/files/UltraRiceBrochure2000-web.pdf, 2011 [21

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Irodalom Aldea , M. A. , & Rice , K. G. ( 2006 ). The role of emotional dysregulation in perfectionism and psychological distress . Journal of Counseling Psychology

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: R.D. Wang, Y.J. Deng, L.J. Sun, Y.L. Wang, Z.J. Fang, D.F. Sun, Q. Deng, and R. Gooneratne

Growth and haemolytic activity of several pathogenic Vibrio species were compared in egg-fried-rice with different egg ratios. Egg-fried-rice preparations with rice-to-egg ratios of 4:1, 1:1, and 1:4 were inoculated with either Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. cholerae, V. vulnificus, or V. alginolyticus and incubated for 24 h. Cell number, thermostable direct haemolysin (TDH) activity, and total haemolytic activity were determined. The cell number and total haemolytic activity increased in all Vibrio strains after 24 h, and these were most marked in egg-fried-rice with the highest egg content (1:4 (rice:egg) ratio; P<0.05). V. alginolyticus exhibited the maximal growth and V. parahaemolyticus the highest haemolytic activity, but only V. parahaemolyticus ATCC 33847, V. alginolyticus CAMT 21162, and V. alginolyticus HY 91101 showed TDH activity. Results suggest that lowering egg content in egg-fried-rice could reduce growth and virulence of Vibrio pathogens.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Sándor Szekeres, Alexandra Juhász, Milán Kondor, Nóra Takács, László Sugár, and Sándor Hornok

Reports of Sarcocystis rileyi-like protozoa (‘rice breast disease’) from anseriform birds had been rare in Europe until the last two decades, when S. rileyi was identified in northern Europe and the UK. However, despite the economic losses resulting from S. rileyi infection, no recent accounts are available on its presence (which can be suspected) in most parts of central, western, southern and eastern Europe. Between 2014 and 2019, twelve mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) were observed to have rice breast disease in Hungary, and the last one of these 12 cases allowed molecular identification of S. rileyi, as reported here. In addition, S. rileyi was molecularly identified in the faeces of one red fox (Vulpes vulpes). The hunting season for mallards in Hungary lasts from mid-August to January, which in Europe coincides with the wintering migration of anseriform birds towards the south. Based on this, as well as bird ringing data, it is reasonable to suppose that the first S. rileyi-infected mallards arrived in Hungary from the north. on the other hand, red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), which are final hosts of S. rileyi, are ubiquitous in Hungary, and our molecular finding confirms an already established autochthonous life cycle of S. rileyi in the region. Taken together, this is the first evidence for the occurrence of S. rileyi in Hungary and its region.

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. Elsanhoty , R.M. , Al-Turki , A.L. & Ramadan , M.F. ( 2013 ): Prevalence of genetically modified rice, maize, and soy in Saudi food products . Appl. Biochem. Biotech. , 171 , 883 – 899

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Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Authors: Anikó Kovács, Raul Kolinka, Györgyné Kóczán, and Zoltán Kókai

-free bakery product, one is millet, the other one is brown rice. Millet is an ingredient that has a pleasant taste, an alkaline effect, it is rich in fibre, a good source of plant protein and it has an outstanding nutritional value ( Léder F, 2013 ). The other

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; Rice 1996 ; Hume & Tserdanelis 2002 ; Hayes & Steriade 2004 ). 4 I restrict my focus to shifts observed in XT clusters, as this allows for detecting not only a direct change to the unmarked value [coronal], but also the intermediate step dorsal

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waste products to move through the gut. Wholegrain bread and breakfast cereals, brown rice, and whole-wheat noodle are good examples for natural fibres, which not only help to keep the digestion system in good condition but also give a feeling of

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