Authors:Nóra Papp, Mónika Tóth, Tünde Dénes, Kinga Gyergyák, Rita Filep, Sámuel Gergely Bartha, Rita Csepregi, Viktória Lilla Balázs, and Ágnes Farkas
Ethnomedicine using mostly plants is of pivotal importance nowadays in several Transylvanian regions in Romania. In this study (2007–2015), one Swabian-German, one Hungarian, three Csángó-Hungarian and nine Székely-Hungarian villages were selected to collect ethnomedicinal treatments for various gastrointestinal diseases. Some of the studied villages have partial or no permanent medical and pharmaceutical services. The 374 inhabitants interviewed used mostly medicinal plants based on ancient knowledge. The 78 (53 wild and 25 cultivated) plants documented have 181 local names and are used to treat ailments such as loss of appetite, bloating, stomach ache, gastric ulcer, and diarrhea, mostly in tea form. This knowledge decreases continuously because of loss of interest among young people and through frequent use of media sources and books. Although some of these plants have also been described in official medicinal sources, several data suggest the need for further fieldwork and new experimental analyses to highlight the valuable role of these plants in recent phytotherapy.
’ treatment is meant to capture Horn's (1981) observation that the exhaustive (inquiry-terminating) inference of only is derived from the at-issue dimension, whereas that of CLEFT is from the non-at-issue dimension (see fn. #9 for a discussion). In the
1 Introduction This study deals with the treatment of initial geminates as non-actual surface forms in light of Parallel OT as an analytical framework. It focuses on the case of Qassimi Arabic (QA), a Najdi dialect spoken in the Al-Qassim region in
constructions, as the formal treatment of different types of possessive constructions has been the focus of an extensive body of related studies ( Szabolcsi 1981 , 1989 , 1992 ). We will demonstrate that extending the cognitive argumentations that were suggest
Although belief narratives and charms are regarded as two different folklore genres with different modes of transmission, performance and function, they are both in a constant dialectical relationship, yielding mutual feedback. One of the main forms of this interactive relationship concerns the etiology of a dis-ease (construction of a dis-order, i.e. belief narratives) and its therapeutic treatment (restoration of order, i.e. charms). This relationship between the cause of diseases and their treatment is clearly reflected in a Christian content belief narrative closely associated with incantations used to heal abdominal diseases. The basic personage embodying this belief narrative – registered in many and different areas of Greece – is the figure of a monk or Christ himself, who, often disguised as a beggar, is hosted by a family. Violations of both religious norms associated with fasting and social ethics connected with accepted behaviour towards a guest have as a result the manifestation of an abdominal disease, which eventually the monk or Christ treats using an incantation. This article shows that the parallel analysis of legends and charms, where possible, is necessary since it can provide useful information, not only on the ways by which the charm text is produced and reproduced, but also on the position and status of the genre in the context of a wider folk religious system. Furthermore, it could contribute to the understanding of the charm text, without which the knowledge of the belief narrative is often incomprehensible, if not nonsensical.
Arts and Humanities . We grouped together all these papers into a thematic collection on our AKJournals website.
Obviously, all areas of scientific research have been challenged by the investigation of the reasons, course, treatment, and
The sociopragmatics of attitude datives in Levantine Arabic is a compelling treatment of a syntactic phenomenon from a pragmatic perspective. Attitude Datives (ADs) are optional clitics that do not add to the