Authors:D. Brito, E. Silva, D. Rodrigues, M. Machado, M. Silva, V. Simões, M. Carvalho, L. Soledade, Iêda Santos, and A. Souza
A silico alumino phosphate with AFI structure (SAPO-5) was prepared
in a two-phase medium and characterized by XRD, followed by the addition of
TEA+. The kinetics of the TEA+/SAPO-5
thermal decomposition reaction was studied by isothermal and dynamic thermogravimetry.
Two kinetic models, D3 and D4
based on diffusion processes were found as best to fit the isothermal data.
On the other hand, the best fit for the dynamic data is the F1
first order reaction model. According to the apparent activation energy values,
the use of the dynamic method indicates a higher temperature dependence than
the isothermal method.
Authors:M. Dantas, A. Almeida, Marta Conceição, V. Fernandes Jr, Iêda Santos, F. Silva, L. Soledade, and A. Souza
This work presents the characterization and the kinetic compensation
effect of corn biodiesel obtained by the methanol and ethanol routes. The
biodiesel was characterized by physico-chemical analyses, gas chromatography,
nuclear magnetic resonance and thermal analysis. The physico-chemical properties
indicated that the biodiesel samples meet the specifications of the Brazilian
National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) standards. The
analyses by IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy indicated
the ester formation. Gas chromatography indicated that biodiesel was obtained
with an ester content above 97%. The kinetic parameters were determined with
three different heating rates, and it was observed that both the methanol
and ethanol biodiesel obeyed the kinetic compensation effect.
Authors:A Barros, J Santos, S Prasad, V Leite, A Souza, L Soledade, M Duarte, and V dos Santos
The conventional treatments
of effluents containing heavy metals produce significant quantities of byproducts
with recalcitrant characteristics, making necessary looking after alternative
techniques in order to avoid the production of new contaminated residues.
Sorption process of chromium and zinc in vertical columns loaded with sewage
sludge and organic solid waste has been studied in this work. The data from
the TG curves of the two sorbents presented significant differences when they
were submitted to the metal uptake, being noticed the displacement of the
thermal events towards lower temperatures for both types of sorbents studied.
As it was expected, for both sorbents, an increase in the mass of samples
has been observed at the completion of the thermal tests upon metal uptake.
Therefore, these facts demonstrate that during the biosorption process a physico-chemical
interaction took place between sorbents and metals, as it was evidenced by
the more than 100 K increase in the decomposition temperatures as well as
the variation of the ΔH values of the
Authors:F. Vieira, Soraia Souza, A. Oliveira, S. Lima, E. Longo, C. Paskocimas, L. Soledade, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos
In this study undoped and Cr, Sb or Mo doped TiO2 were synthesized by polymeric precursor method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV–VIS spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy
and thermogravimetry (TG). The TG curves showed a continuous mass loss assigned to the hydroxyl elimination and Cr6+ reduction. Doped TiO2 samples showed a higher mass loss assigned to water and gas elimination at lower temperatures. In these doped materials a
decrease in the anatase–rutile phase transition temperature was observed. After calcination at 1,000 °C, rutile was obtained
as a single phase material without the presence of Cr6+.
Authors:H. Dantas, R. Mendes, R. Pinho, L. Soledade, C. Paskocimas, B. Lira, M. Schwartz, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos
Gypsum is a dihydrated calcium sulfate, with
the composition of CaSO4⋅2H2O,
with large application interest in ceramic industry, odontology, sulfuric
acid production, cement, paints, etc. During calcination, a phase transformation
is observed associated to the loss of water, leading to the formation of gypsum
or anhydrite, which may present different phases. The identification of the
phases is not so easy since their infrared spectra and their X-ray diffraction
patterns are quite similar. Thus, in this work, temperature modulated differential
scanning calorimetry (TMDSC) was used to identify the different gypsum phases,
which can be recognized by their different profiles.
Authors:O. S. Monteiro, A. G. Souza, L. E. B. Soledade, N. Queiroz, A. L. Souza, V. E. Mouchrek Filho, and A. F. F. Vasconcelos
The vegetal species Pimenta dioica Lindl, popularly known as Jamaican pepper, is a 6–15 m tall tree, which belongs to the Mirtaceae family. Its fruits have an essential oil of great economic value in the international market, due to its high level of eugenol (its major compound), which is largely used in chemical and pharmaceutical industries. In this work, the extraction of the essential oil from the fruits of Pimenta dioica Lindl was carried out by the hydrodistillation method, using a modified Clevenger system. It was observed that the volume of the extracted oil reaches a maximum at 4 h, with a yield of 2.7% (m/m). The essential oil was characterized by physico-chemical analyses, such as density, refraction index, ethanol solubility, color, and appearance, besides UV–vis and infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Thus, eugenol was confirmed as the major component of the essential oil of Pimenta dioica Lindl (77%). The technique of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used for the determination of boiling point of the sample of essential oil from the fruits of Pimenta dioica (L.).
Authors:Márcia Silva, Lydianne de O. Miranda, Maria Cassia-Santos, S. Lima, L. Soledade, E. Longo, C. Paskocimas, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos
Undoped and/or doped with 1 mol% of Co2+
powders were synthesized by the polymeric precursor method. The influence
of the network former (Sn4+ or Ti4+)
on the thermal, structural and optical properties was investigated. The recorded
mass losses are due to the escape of water and adsorbed gases and to the elimination
of the organic matter. Mg2TiO4
crystallizes at lower temperatures and also presents more ordered structure
with a smaller unit call and having more intense green color than Mg2SnO4