Carbon disulphide can be determined at ppm level by converting it into xanthate and then oxidizing it by radiochloramine-T in acid medium. Interference of sulphide, sulphite and nitrite can be eliminated by extracting CS2 from the mixture into carbon tetrachloride and stripping it into aqueous medium as xanthate by the addition of alcoholic KOH to the organic layer.
Hydrogen sulphide at trace level can be determined by radiorelease technique using radiochloramine-T. The minimum detection level is 0.25 ppm. Zinc acetate is used to fix H2S from air samples. CS2 does not interfere. Interference by SO2 can be eliminated by oxidizing it with H2O2.
Authors:I. Pius, Aruna Kadam, M. Rao, V. Rao, and P. Natarajan
Results of experiments on the adsorption of plutonium (IV) on alumina and their application to the recovery of plutonium from analytical waste solutions containing phosphoric-nitric acid are reported. Distribution ratios of plutonium (IV) between alumina and solutions containing varying concentrations of phosphoric acid and nitric acid are determined. The influence of various ions like UO22+, Fe3+, MoO42–, VO2+ and SO42– on the distribution ratio is evaluated. Saturation values of adsorption of plutonium (IV) on alumina and optimum conditions for loading and elution of plutonium on a column packed with alumina are described.
The present study deals with the ontogeny, structure and development of Cardiospermum halicacabum fruit and the mode of its dehiscence. The trigonous, pyriform and bladdery capsular fruit of C. halicacabum develops from a 3-celled ovary with one ovule in each cell. The ovary wall is 5 to 7 cell layers thick. The outer epidermis of the ovary wall develops into a single-layered epicarp. The isodiametric cells of developing epicarp contain abundant tanniniferous contents. The 3 or 4 layers thick ground parenchyma of ovary wall constitutes the mesocarp. The thin walled cells of developing mesocarp are found to get apart from each other, as their elongation is meagre, to keep pace with the increment in the circumference of fruit. The tangentially elongated cells of inner epidermis of ovary wall form a single layered endocarp. The endocarpic cells of developing fruit do not exhibit much structural changes, except vacuolation. Due to the disintegration of thin walled parenchyma cells situated throughout the length of the septum and rupture of similar type of cells located in between two lateral vascular bundles, the ripe capsule of C. halicacabum dehisces septicidally.