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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Yang Ya-xin, Liu Qing-cheng, Wu Xin-min, Huang Yan-jun, Lin Jun, Wu Ya-mei, Li Shu-zhen, and Hsia Yuan-fu

Summary  

A new air radon monitor is proposed based on the combination of an aluminum disk and an electric multilevel clearance system (EMCS). The positively charged, small aluminum disk has a high collection ability to radon with a collection efficiency of about 60%. The old radon progenies were eliminated by the EMCS in the air entrance of the monitor with an efficiency of about 99%. The monitor was calibrated in the national standard radon chamber in Hengyang, China. Compared to the radon double-filter equipment, the results, gained by both apparatus, coincide with each other.

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Abstract  

The fractional cumulative yields (FCY) of133mTe and133gTe in the spontaneous fission of252Cf were measured for the first time by a radiochemical method. The values ofFCY are 0.533±0.014 and 0.291±0.042 for133mTe and133gTe, respectively. The isomeric state to ground state fractional independent yield (FIY) ratio of133Te,R, was found to be 3.5. The root-mean-square angular momentum of the primary fragment corresponding to the fission product133Te, Jr.m.s.=8.8h, was estimated according to a simple one-parameter statistical model. The fractional cumulative yields from this work together with other literature data in the mass region A=131–141 are compared with the normal yields given by the empiricalZ p model by Whhl. It suggests that both theN=82 neutrons shell and nucleus pairing effects are not apparent for the spontaneous fission of252Cf.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Chuan-Min Qi, Yong He, Xiao Wang, Man Feng, Jing-Li Xu, Rui Ding, Hang Liu, Yu-Rong Chen, Fang Li, Zhao-Hui Zhu, Yong-Hong Dang, Shu-Ting Zhang, and Ying Xie

Abstract  

d-glucosamine at concentration of certain range could kill tumor cells without influencing normal cells. There are also some reports on the antitumor activity of d-glucosamine and its derivatives in murine models. It was therefore postulated that d-glucosamine might have the potential to invade tumor cells. We designed and radiosynthesized a glucosamine derivative, N-(2-[18F]fluoro-4-nitrobenzoyl)glucosamine ([18F]FNBG([18F]7)). Evaluations in vitro and in vivo were performed on tumor bearing mice. Excitingly, the radiochemical purity of [18F]FNBG([18F]7) was 99%, and besides the best radiochemical yield was up to 35%. The best T/Bl (Tumor/Blood) and T/M (Tumor/Muscle) ratios of [18F]FNBG([18F]7) were 4.40 and 4.84. Although [18F]FNBG([18F]7) deserved further studies, the results revealed it might become a potential PET imaging agent for detecting tumors.

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