The kinetics of chlorine isotope exchange between chloramine-B /CAB/ and chloride has been studied using ion-exchange separation and tracer technique. McKay's plot are linear. The exchange reaction is fast in acidic medium, very slow in neutral medium and does not take place in alkaline medium. In the acidic range the exchange is maximum at pH 3.3. The rate of exchange decreases at pH >3.3 and <3.3. The order with respect to CAB and chloride is unity. The order with respect to [H+] is unity at pH>5. Addition of neutral salt or parent compound has no effect on the rate of exchange. Activation energy and activation entropy for this exchange reaction have been calculated.
Several adducts of U(IV) and Th(IV) with 1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptafluoro-7,7-dimethyl-4,6-octanedione (FOD) as -diketone and a variety of neutral oxodonors were synthesized and characterized by visible spectral, proton magnetic resonance as well as thermogravimetric studies. Adducts with dimethylformamide (DMF) were found to be most volatile, whereas with trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) were quite susceptible towards decomposition.
The exchange between bromamine-T and radioactive bromide has been carried out in various media. The exchange is maximum at pH=2 and decreases in strong as well as weak acid media. No exchange occurs in alkaline medium. The optimum conditions for the preparation of radiobromamine-T with high specific activity are reported.
Aqueous chloramine-B /C6H5SO2NCl Na/ solution is known to contain species like RNCl–, RNHCl, RNCl2, RN+H2Cl, HOCl and H2+OCl where R=C6H5SO2. The exchange studies between36Cl and CAB carried out in various media by ion-exchange method indicated that there is no exchange in solution at pH7. As the pH is decreased below 7, the extent of exchange increases reaching a maximum at pH 3. 3. The exchange decreases as the acidity is increased between pH 3.3 and 1N and again the exchange increases beyong 1N. The observed increase in exchange in strong acid medium is due to the evolution of chlorine.
The exchange between chloramine-B and radioactive chlorine has been carried out in various media. The exchange is slow in strong acid and very weak acid media. Its maximum is at pH 3.3. There is no exchange in alkaline media. Optimum conditions for the preparation of radiochloramine-B with high specific activity are reported.
A new method for the continuous determination of H2O2 is described based on the catalytic decomposition of H2O2 by LaCoO3. Oxygen liberated is measured by a gas meauuring burette. -irradiated catalyst enhances the catalytic activity and decreases the time required for complete decomposition. The procedure is suitable for microdetermination of H2O2 in various food products.
Exchange studies with36Cl and Chloramine-B in strong acid medium revealed that the extent of exchange is less than that occurs at pH 3.3 indicating the formation of a new species of Chloramine-B which is not participating in the exchange reaction and this has been confirmed by conductometric titration of Chloramine-B with dilute solutions of H2SO4, HCl, HClO4 and CH3COOH.
Chemisorbed oxygen can be determined quantitatively by the measurement of gaseous N2/N2O liberated by treatment with hydrazine sulphate/hydroxylamine hydrochloride. The amount of chemisorbed oxygen depends on the degree of dispersion during irradiation and also the -dose. The chemisorption is enhanced in the presence of moisture. The partial reduction of the transition metal ion favours the formation of chemisorbed oxygen.