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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. Ebihara, Y. S. Chung, W. Chueinta, B.-F. Ni, T. Otoshi, Y. Oura, F. L. Santos, F. Sasajima, Sutisna, and A. K. B. H. Wood

Summary  

Seven Asian countries have been collaborating in collecting airborne particulate matter (APM) in their individual countries and analyzing them by neutron activation analysis as a common analytical tool. APM samples were collected into two fractions of fine and coarse grains (PM2 and PM2-10, respectively). Analytical data were compared from several viewpoints such as particulate sizes, locality of sampling sites (either urban or rural) and geographical location of participating countries. Chemical composition and their monthly variations as well as mass concentrations appear to be highly characteristic for individual sampling sites, suggesting that NAA data are suitable for evaluating the air quality in each site.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Y. Nagame, I. Nishinaka, Y. Zhao, K. Tsukada, S. Ichikawa, Z. Qin, H. Ikezoe, Y. Oura, K. Sueki, H. Nakahara, M. Tanikawa, T. Ohtsuki, S. Goto, H. Kudo, Y. Hamajima, K. Takamiya, K. Nakanishi, and H. Baba

Abstract  

The correlation among the fission threshold energy, the scission configuration and the mass yield distribution has been studied in proton-induced fission of light actinides. It was found that there exist at least two fission paths from the threshold region to the scission. The elongated scission configuration is related with the fission process that goes over a higher threshold energy and results in a symmetric mass division mode, while the compact scission configuration with the process that experiences a lower threshold and ends up with an asymmetric mass division mode.

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