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  • Author or Editor: F. De Corte x
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Abstract  

Three new synthetic multi-element standards (SMELS) were developed for testing the performance of the k 0-standardization neutron activation analysis (k 0-NAA) method when implemented in a laboratory. SMELS consist of a phenol-formaldehyde polymer matrix spiked with different groups of elements according to the half-lives of the formed radionuclides. They are classified as Type I for short-, Type II for medium- and Type III for long-lived radionuclides. This article presents the preparation of SMELS including different aspects such as choice of the matrix and spiking elements, chemical compounds, target concentrations, purity of the matrix and spiking procedure and the homogeneity study for all the spiked elements in order to demonstrate the quality of the produced materials.

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Abstract  

Radiation stability of a set of three synthetic multielement standards (SMELS) designed for validation of k 0-standardization in neutron activation analysis was tested by monitoring mass and element content changes following irradiation at a high neutron fluence rate (up to 9.1013 n.cm-2.s-1) for stepwise increased periods of time. No mass changes were detected and for all the 26 elements investigated only a chlorine content loss was observed. Thus, radiation stability of the SMELS materials for the given purpose and their suitability for use also in high-power reactors was demonstrated.

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Abstract  

For 13 isotopes, the resonance integral to thermal crosssection ratio was studied. The results of two different methods, applied in two different laboratories, are compared. One method consists in a direct determination of I00-values from Cd-ratio measurements, the other is based on the evaluation of literature data, using accurately determined k0-factors from two irradiation channels with largely different thermal-to-epithermal flux ratios.

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Abstract  

Isotopic abundance values for50Cr,58Fe and109Ag and the absolute gamma-intensities for51Cr,59Fe and110mAg were evaluated. These evaluated data, together with experimental k0-determinations (i.e. from the

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\begin{gathered} {}^{5 0}Cr(n,\gamma )^{5 1} Cr; \sigma _0 = (15.2 \pm 0.2) barn [cf.:15.8 - 16.0] \hfill \\ {}^{5 8}Fe(n,\gamma )^{5 9} Fe; \sigma _0 = (1.31 \pm 0.03) barn [cf.:1.14 - 1.16] \hfill \\ {}^{1 0 9}Ag(n,\gamma )^{1 1 0 m} Ag;\sigma _0 = (3.89 \pm 0.05) barn [cf.:4.4 - 5.0] \hfill \\ \end{gathered}$$ \end{document}

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Abstract  

In this second part the list of resonance integrals is completed with 63 values for (n, γ) reactions mainly from the second part of the periodic system. The resonance integral for (n, fission) of235U is included as well as thermal and epithermal self-shielding curves for the elements Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy and Cd.

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Abstract  

The isotopes97Ru,103Ru and105Ru, produced by reactor irradiation of elemental ruthenium, were applied as triple comparators in the activation analysis of rock FU-41, a basanitoid from Fuerteventura, Canary Island. The concentrations of the following elements were determined: Sm, Sc, Fe, Co, Na, La, Hf, Eu, Th and Cr. The aim of this work was the experimental control of the error theory of the multiple comparator method as well as the experimental check of the accuracy.

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Abstract  

The comparator method, earlier published byDe Corte et al. is first discussed as well as a more practical transformation, which delivers directly the flux ratio, using a relative technique. For each part of the multiple comparator method (MCM) separately, a discussion of error multiplication is worked out and at the end a general formula to calculate the total error change is derived.

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Abstract  

A study is made of the correction, in k0-standardized NAA, for interferences caused by fast neutron induced threshold reactions, second order reactions and235U-fission. The following examples are elaborated: determination of the Cr and Sc concentrations in a reference human serum, corrected for the54Fe(n,)51Cr and44Ca(n,; ; n,)46Sc interferences, respectively, and the determination of Zr, Cs, La, Ce, Nd and Sm concentrations in USGS BCR-1 and G-2, corrected for235U(n, f) interference. A detailed uncertainty analysis and a comparison of the analytical results thus obtained with other literature values proves that the interferences can be accurately corrected for by employing the usual neutron flux monitors in the k0-method, namely a Zr-foil and a dilute Au–Al alloyed wire.

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Abstract  

A best choice from literature was made of the isotopic abundance values for64zn,112Sn and174Yb, and of the absolute gamma-intensities for65Zn,113mIn and175Yb. From these data and from activation method experiments, the following 2200 m·s–1 cross sections were determined:65Zn(n, )65Zn; 0=(0.726±0.0007) barn [cf. literature 0.76–0.78 barn];112Sn(n,)113(m)Sn; 0(0.91 m+g)=(0.539±0.011) barn [cf. literature 1 barn];174Yb(n,)175(m)Yb; 0(m+g)=(130+4) barn [cf. literature 65 barn].

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