, a useful parameter when correcting the resonance integral for a non-ideal epithermal neutron flux distribution, can be experimentally determined by coirradiating the investigated isotope with a comparator isotope whose effective resonance energy is accurately known. The principle of the method is outlined and the error propagation functions are studies in detail. The usefulness of the
Authors:Lin Xilei, D. Van Renterghem, F. De Corte, and R. Cornelis
A study is made of the correction, in k0-standardized NAA, for interferences caused by fast neutron induced threshold reactions, second order reactions and235U-fission. The following examples are elaborated: determination of the Cr and Sc concentrations in a reference human serum, corrected for the54Fe(n,)51Cr and44Ca(n,;
–; n,)46Sc interferences, respectively, and the determination of Zr, Cs, La, Ce, Nd and Sm concentrations in USGS BCR-1 and G-2, corrected for235U(n, f) interference. A detailed uncertainty analysis and a comparison of the analytical results thus obtained with other literature values proves that the interferences can be accurately corrected for by employing the usual neutron flux monitors in the k0-method, namely a Zr-foil and a dilute Au–Al alloyed wire.
Authors:R. Van der Linden, F. De Corte, and J. Hoste
The comparator method, earlier published byDe Corte et al. is first discussed as well as a more practical transformation, which delivers directly the flux ratio, using a relative
technique. For each part of the multiple comparator method (MCM) separately, a discussion of error multiplication is worked
out and at the end a general formula to calculate the total error change is derived.
Authors:P. Vermaercke, L. Sneyers, M. Bruggeman, A. De Wispelaere, and F. De Corte
Several methods are in use for the determination of the thermal to epithermal neutron fluence rate ratio (f) and the deviation of the epithermal neutron spectrum from the 1/E shape parameter (α). In our former work, it was proven that the recently developed and characterized Synthetic Multi-ELement Standard (SMELS)
can be used for the fast verification of the stability of the irradiation parameters using the Au-Zr bare monitor method.
However, this latter method using SMELS had a too low precision for an accurate determination of f and α. Therefore, the Cd-ratio for multi-monitor method using SMELS was investigated for two irradiation channels. As shown the
material can also be used as a monitor for the calibration of an irradiation facility.
Authors:R. van Sluijs, D. Bossus, J. Konings, F. De Corte, A. De Wispelaere, and A. Simonits
To account for varying dead time (frequently occurring when the measuring time is comparable with the half lives of the radionuclides in question) the use of Westphal's Loss-Free Counting technique (LFC) is preferable. However, standard gamma-ray spectrum deconvolution programs can not be applied in connection with LFC spectrometers, since this technique strongly influences the counting statistics of measured spectra. As consequence, erroneous results are likely to arise when applying peak search routines or when calculating the standard deviation of fitted peak areas or detection limits. To overcome these shortcomings, an LFC module equipped with Dual LFC Mode option should be used: this accumulates an LFC-corrected spectrum simultaneously with an uncorrected spectrum. The KAYZERO evaluation software has been modified to handle such tandem spectra.
Authors:F. De Corte, L. Moens, A. Simonits, A. De Wispelaere, and J. Hoste
The116Sn (n, γ)117mSn reaction commonly used in reactor-neutron activation analysis (RNAA) turned out to be seriously interfered by the117Sn (n, n′)117mSn reaction, as observed from irradiation in channels with largely different neutron thermalization. To estimate the magnitude
of this primary interference an attempt was made to determine the relevant fission neutron averaged cross-section, yielding
approximately σn, n, (117Sn)==0.09±0.01 barn. This value—believed to be the first measured and published—is remarkably high especially when compared
to the 2200 m·s−1 cross-section σo[116Sn(n, γ)117mSn]=0.006 barn.
Authors:F. De Corte, K. Hammami, L. Moens, A. Simonits, A. De Wispelaere, and J. Hoste
Some methods for the experimental α-determination in the 1/E1+α epithermal reactorneutron spetrum are critically compared with respect to their accuracy and precision. The analysis is based
on the error propagation theory. Besides the general formulae numerical examples are elaborated for specific conditions in
the Thetis reactor (Gent) and the WWR-M reactor (Budapest).
Authors:A. Simonits, L. Moens, F. De Corte, A. De Wispelaere, A. Elek, and J. Hoste
ko-factors of 35 isotopes used in reactor neutron activation analysis were measured with a high degree of accuracy (1–2%). To
minimize systematic errors, measurements were carried out using different reactor types, irradiation conditions (18 < Φs/Φe), Ge(Li) detectors, sample detector geometry, etc. Analyst-oriented tabulations including all necessary nuclear data, “best
values”, as well as recommended ko-values are given to facilitate analytical work with the new method. Some practical aspects as well as limitations of the
ko-method are also outlined together with the applied neutron flux and cross-section conventions.
Authors:F. De Corte, L. Moens, A. Simonits, K. Sordo-El Hammami, A. De Wispelaere, and J. Hoste
A description is given of the systematic errors which can be introduced when applying absolute or comparator standardization
techniques to RNAA or ENAA at irradiation sites with a deviating 1/E1+α epithermal neutron flux distribution. A simple correction formula for a≠0 is presented and a survey is given of the present
state-of-the-art for experimentala-monitoring and for the calculation or experimental determination of the effective resonance energy Ēr. Extensive error calculation leads to the conclusion that, with careful selection ofa monitors and of the nuclear data involved, the rather large errors (∼10% or more) are reduced, after correction fora, to uncertainties of about 2%.