Authors:X. Meng, M. Wei, D. Wang, X. Qu, K. Zhang, N. Zhang, and Xinjian Li
Renal injury is reported to have a high mortality rate. Additionally, there are several limitations to current conventional treatments that are used to manage it. This study evaluated the protective effect of hesperidin against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced kidney injury in rats. Renal injury was induced by generating I/R in kidney tissues. Rats were then treated with hesperidin at a dose of 10 or 20 mg/kg intravenously 1 day after surgery for a period of 14 days. The effect of hesperidin on renal function, serum mediators of inflammation, and levels of oxidative stress in renal tissues were observed in rat kidney tissues after I/R-induced kidney injury. Moreover, protein expression and mRNA expression in kidney tissues were determined using Western blotting and RT-PCR. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was done for histopathological observation of kidney tissues. The data suggest that the levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine in the serum of hesperidin-treated rats were lower than in the I/R group. Treatment with hesperidin also ameliorated the altered level of inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress in I/R-induced renal-injured rats. The expression of p-IκBα, caspase-3, NF-κB p65, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) protein, TLR-4 mRNA, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was significantly reduced in the renal tissues of hesperidin-treated rats. Histopathological findings also revealed that treatment with hesperidin attenuated the renal injury in I/R kidney-injured rats. In conclusion, our results suggest that hesperidin protects against renal injury induced by I/R by involving TLR-4/NF-κB/iNOS signaling.
Authors:Sh. Yu, X. Li, A. Ren, D. Shao, Ch. Chen, and X. Wang
removal of heavy metal ion Co(II) from aqueous solution was studied usingg-Al2O3
by batch technique. The experiments were performed at T=20±2 °C, in 0.01M
NaNO3 solutions and under aerobic conditions. The effect of pH,
ionic strength, fulvic acid (FA) and alumina amount on the sorption of Co(II)
on alumina were also investigated. The pH affected the sorption of Co(II)
significantly as compared with the effect of FA and ionic strength. The results
indicated that strong chemical bonds are formed between Co(II) and functional
groups of the bare or FA coated alumina, and a precipitation of Co(II) takes
place on the alumina surface, induced by a transition from the adsorption to
surface. The addition sequences of Co/FA on Co(II) sorption were also studied:
the sorption of Co(II) in the ternary system was found independent of addition
Authors:X.K. Wang, W.M. Dong, H.X. Zhang, and Z.Y. Tao
The distribution coefficients,Kd of 36 elements from Na to Bi on a silica were determined at pH 4, 7, 9 and in the absence and presence of fulvic acid (FA) using a multitracer technique. The multitracer solution was prepared by irradiation of Th(NO3)4 with 40Ar ion beam. The effects of pH and fulvic acid on the Kd values of 36 elements were studied. It was found that the sequences of the Kd values of alkali elements (Cs>Rb>K>Na) and of alkaline earth elements(Ba>Ca>Mg) in the absence of FA can be qualitatively explained in terms of chemical bond formation and hydration. Various effects of pH and the negative or positive effect of FA on the adsorption of 36 elements were observed and are probably related to the species of 36 elements in the aqueous solutions containing CO32–, OH–, Cl– and FA. For most of the elements studied here the Kd values are increased with increasing pH and are decreased with adding FA.
Authors:X. Geng, Y. Wu, B. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Geng, and J. Xing
microcalorimetric determination of displacement adsorption enthalpies ΔH and measurement of adsorbed amounts of guanidine
– denatured lysozyme (Lys) refolding on the surface of hydrophobic interaction
chromatography (HIC) packings at 308 K were carried out and compared with
that at 298 K. Study shows that both temperature and concentration of guanidine
hydrochloride (GuHCl) affect the molecular mechanism of hydrophobic interaction
of protein with adsorbent based on the analysis of dividing ΔH values into three kinds of enthalpy fractions.
The adsorption in higher concentrations of GuHCl (>1.3 mol L–1)
at 308 K is an enthalpy-driving process, and the adsorption under other GuHCl
concentrations is an entropy-driving process. The fact that the Lys denatured
by 1.8 mol L–1 GuHCl forms a relatively stable
intermediate state under the studied conditions will not be changed by temperature.
Authors:X. P. Geng, H. F. Zhang, B. H. Wang, X. D. Geng, and J. W. Xing
Calorimetric determination of the total enthalpy changes (ΔHi) of guanidine-denatured lysozyme (Lys) during the adsorption with simultaneously refolding on the surface of hydrophobic
interaction chromatography packings was carried out at 250.001C. The measured ΔHiin the circumstances should include the changes in the three fractions: adsorption, dehydration and molecular conformation.
It was found that when the unfolded Lys molecules are adsorbed and refold on the surface, entropy-driving caused by the dehydration
of Lys mainly dominates the foregoing process. The refolding enthalpies of Lys, ΔΔHiwere found to be 10~100 folds higher than that measured in usual solutions.</o:p>
Authors:J. Wang, B. Bao, M. Wu, X. Sun, X. Zhang, J. Hu, and G. Ye
This paper reports on the qualitative and quantitative analyses of light hydrocarbons produced by radiation degradation of
N,N-diethylhydroxylamine. The results show that when the absorbed doses are between 10 and 1000 kGy, the main light hydrocarbons
are methane, ethane, ethene, propane and n-butane. Their volume fractions are increased with the increase of the dose. The
volume fraction of ethene is also increased at low doses with the increase of the dose, but it is decreased with the increase
of dose at high doses.
Authors:S. Yu, A. Ren, J. Cheng, X. Song, C. Chen, and X. Wang
Effects of pH, ionic strength and fulvic acid on sorption of radiocobalt on montmorillonite and its Al-pillared and cross-linked
samples were studied using batch technique. The results indicate that the sorption of cobalt is strongly dependent on pH values
and independent of ionic strength. Fulvic acid enhances the sorption of cobalt slightly at low pH, but has no influence at
high pH values. Surface complexation is considered the main mechanism of cobalt sorption to montmorillonite. The sequences
of FA/Co2+ additions to the system did not affect cobalt sorption.
Authors:W. Dong, X. Wang, J. Du, X. Bian, F. Ma, and Z. Tao
The batch method and the column method were simultaneously employed to study the sorption and desorption of Eu(III) on red
earth as a function of pH (4.6–6), the presence of a well-characterized fulvic acid (FA) and the iron oxides content of red
earth. The results from both methods were consistent qualitatively. The Eu(III) sorption showed significant dependences on
pH and FA, the sorption was increased with increasing pH and by addition of FA to the solutions, while the iron oxides content
of the red earth had a negative contribution to the sorption of Eu(III). Additionally, the sorption-desorption hysteresis
of Eu(III) on red earth occurred at a pH range of 4.6–6. Therefore, the humic substance and high pH have a great tendency
to immobilize Eu(III) on red earth.
Authors:Z. Chen, S. Wang, J. Tang, X. Li, C. Liu, X. Xu, and G. Cao
To provide a convenient and facile method to evaluate the radiochemical purity (RCP) of 99mTc-TRODAT-1 in quality control of routine clinical application, a simplified method of single-strip thin layer chromatography
(TLC) was developed and validated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The RCP data of TLC correlated well with
Authors:G. Zhang, X. Li, S. Tian, J. Li, J. Wang, X. Lou, and Q. Cheng
The stability of β-cyclodextrinethyl benzoate6H2O(β-CDC6H5COOC2H56H2O) was investigated by TG and DSC. The mass loss takes place in three stages: the dehydration occurs at 50-120C; the dissociation
of β-CDC6H5COOC2H5occurs at 200-260C; the decomposition of β-CD begins at 280C. The kinetics of the dissociation of β-CDC6H5COOC2H5in a dry nitrogen flow was studied by means of thermogravimetry both at constant temperature and linearly increasing temperature.
The results show that the dissociation of β-CDC6H5COOC2H5is dominated by a three-dimensional diffusion process (D3). The activation energy E is 116.19 kJ mol-1and the pre-exponential factor A 6.5358109min-1.
Cyclodextrin is able to form inclusion complexes with a great variety of guest molecules, and the studies focus on the energy
of binding between cyclodextrin and the guest molecule. In this paper, the β-cyclodextrinethyl benzoate inclusion complex
was studied by fluorescence spectrophotometry and infrared absorption spectroscopy, and the results show that the stable energy
of inclusion complexes of β-CD with weakly polar guest molecules consists mainly of van der Waals interaction.