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Abstract  

The sorption of Eu(III) on calcareous soil as a function of pH, humic acid (HA), temperature and foreign ions was investigated under ambient conditions. Eu(III) sorption on soil was strongly pH dependent in the observed pH range. The effect of ionic strength was significant at pH < 7, and not obvious at pH > 8. The type of salt cation used had no visible influence on Eu(III) uptake on soil, however at low pH values, the influence of anions was following the order: Cl ≈ NO3  > ClO4 . In the presence of HA, the sorption edge obviously shifted about two pH units to the lower pH, whilst in range of pH 6–7, the sorption of Eu(III) decreased with increasing pH because a considerable amount of Eu(III) was present as humate complexes in aqueous phase, then increased again at pH > 11. The results indicated that the sorption of Eu(III) on soil mainly formed outer-sphere complexes and/or ion exchange below pH ~7; whereas inner-sphere complexes and precipitation of Eu(OH)3(s) may play main role above pH ~8.

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Summary  

Electronic stopping power of 19F in Ni, Pd and Gd was measured and compared to Mstar and SRIM calculation as well as experimental results published in literature. It turns out that the present electronic stopping power agrees reasonably well with them.

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Abstract  

The kinetic characteristic of thermal decomposition of the Emulsion Explosive Base Containing Fe and Mn elements (EEBCFM) which was used to prepare nano-MnFe2O4 particles via detonation method was investigated by means of non-isothermal DSC and TG methods at various heating rates of 2.5, 5 and 7.5°C min−1respectively under the atmosphere of dynamic air from room temperature to 400°C. The results indicated that the EEBCFM was sensitive to temperature, especially to heating rate and could decompose at the temperature up to 60°C. The maximum speed of decomposition (dα/dT)m at the heating rate of 5 and 7.5°C min−1 was more than 10 times of that at 2.5°C min−1 and nearly 10 times of that of the second-category coal mine permitted commercial emulsion explosive (SCPCEE). The plenty of metal ions could seriously reduce the thermal stability of emulsion explosive, and the decomposition reaction in the conversion degree range of 0.0∼0.6 was most probably controlled by nucleation and growth mechanism and the mechanism function could be described with Avrami-Erofeev equation with n=2. When the fractional extent of reaction α>0.6, the combustion of oil phase primarily controlled the decomposition reaction.

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Abstract  

The power–time curves of a biological oscillation system were determined for different temperatures, acidities and carbon sources, by using a 2277 thermal activity monitor. The apparent activation energy and order of the oscillation reaction were calculated from the induction period (t in) and the first oscillation period (t p). The regularity of the biological oscillation system is discussed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Y. Y. Di, Z. C. Tan, L. W. Li, S. L. Gao, and L. X. Sun

Abstract

Low-temperature heat capacities of a solid complex Zn(Val)SO4·H2O(s) were measured by a precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range between 78 and 373 K. The initial dehydration temperature of the coordination compound was determined to be, T D=327.05 K, by analysis of the heat-capacity curve. The experimental values of molar heat capacities were fitted to a polynomial equation of heat capacities (C p,m) with the reduced temperatures (x), [x=f (T)], by least square method. The polynomial fitted values of the molar heat capacities and fundamental thermodynamic functions of the complex relative to the standard reference temperature 298.15 K were given with the interval of 5 K.

Enthalpies of dissolution of the [ZnSO4·7H2O(s)+Val(s)] (Δsol H m,l 0) and the Zn(Val)SO4·H2O(s) (Δsol H m,2 0) in 100.00 mL of 2 mol dm−3 HCl(aq) at T=298.15 K were determined to be, Δsol H m,l 0=(94.588±0.025) kJ mol−1 and Δsol H m,2 0=–(46.118±0.055) kJ mol−1, by means of a homemade isoperibol solution–reaction calorimeter. The standard molar enthalpy of formation of the compound was determined as: Δf H m 0 (Zn(Val)SO4·H2O(s), 298.15 K)=–(1850.97±1.92) kJ mol−1, from the enthalpies of dissolution and other auxiliary thermodynamic data through a Hess thermochemical cycle. Furthermore, the reliability of the Hess thermochemical cycle was verified by comparing UV/Vis spectra and the refractive indexes of solution A (from dissolution of the [ZnSO4·7H2O(s)+Val(s)] mixture in 2 mol dm−3 hydrochloric acid) and solution A’ (from dissolution of the complex Zn(Val)SO4·H2O(s) in 2 mol dm−3 hydrochloric acid).

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Abstract

Background

To investigate the serum level of hepcidin and its relationship with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.

Methods

Blood was obtained from 75 MHD patients before undergoing hemodialysis and 20 healthy controls. Serum hepcidin, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). Spearman correlation, and binary logistic regression linear regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between serum hepcidin and other parameters.

Results

The serum level of hepcidin, AOPP and IL-6 was significantly up-regulated in MHD patients compared with the control (P < 0.05). Furthermore, serum hepcidin levels in patients with CVD were higher than those in patients without CVD (P < 0.05). In all MHD patients, serum hepcidin level was correlated positively with erythropoietin (EPO) dose per week (ρ = 0.251, P = 0.030), EPO resistance index (ρ = 0.268, P = 0.020), ferritin (ρ = 0.814, P < 0.001), transferin saturation (TSAT, ρ = 0.263, P = 0.023), AOPP (ρ = 0.280, P = 0.049), high sensitive C reactive protein (ρ = 0.151, P = 0.006), IL-6 (ρ = 0.340, P = 0.003) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI, ρ = 0.290, P = 0.033). Moreover, it was negatively correlated with serum pre-albumin (ρ = −0.266, P = 0.021), total iron-binding capacity (TIBC, ρ = −0.458, P < 0.001), unsaturated iron-binding capacity (UIBC, ρ = −0.473, P < 0.001) and transferrin (ρ = −0.487, P < 0.001). Linear regression analysis showed that ferritin (β = 0.708, P < 0.001), TIBC (β = −0.246, P = 0.032) and IL-6 (β = 0.209, P = 0.041) were independently associated with hepcidin. Results of binary logistic regression analysis suggested that higher serum hepcidin level (>249.2 ng/mL) was positively and independently related to CVD (OR = 1.32, 95% CI [1.20–9.56], P = 0.043).

Conclusions

Serum hepcidin level is associated with CVD in MHD patients, indicating that hepcidin may be a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for CVD.

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Abstract

Background

To investigate the serum level of hepcidin and its relationship with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.

Methods

Blood was obtained from 75 MHD patients before undergoing hemodialysis and 20 healthy controls. Serum hepcidin, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). Spearman correlation, and binary logistic regression linear regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between serum hepcidin and other parameters.

Results

The serum level of hepcidin, AOPP and IL-6 was significantly up-regulated in MHD patients compared with the control (P < 0.05). Furthermore, serum hepcidin levels in patients with CVD were higher than those in patients without CVD (P < 0.05). In all MHD patients, serum hepcidin level was correlated positively with erythropoietin (EPO) dose per week (ρ = 0.251, P = 0.030), EPO resistance index (ρ = 0.268, P = 0.020), ferritin (ρ = 0.814, P < 0.001), transferin saturation (TSAT, ρ = 0.263, P = 0.023), AOPP (ρ = 0.280, P = 0.049), high sensitive C reactive protein (ρ = 0.151, P = 0.006), IL-6 (ρ = 0.340, P = 0.003) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI, ρ = 0.290, P = 0.033). Moreover, it was negatively correlated with serum pre-albumin (ρ = −0.266, P = 0.021), total iron-binding capacity (TIBC, ρ = −0.458, P < 0.001), unsaturated iron-binding capacity (UIBC, ρ = −0.473, P < 0.001) and transferrin (ρ = −0.487, P < 0.001). Linear regression analysis showed that ferritin (β = 0.708, P < 0.001), TIBC (β = −0.246, P = 0.032) and IL-6 (β = 0.209, P = 0.041) were independently associated with hepcidin. Results of binary logistic regression analysis suggested that higher serum hepcidin level (>249.2 ng/mL) was positively and independently related to CVD (OR = 1.32, 95% CI [1.20–9.56], P = 0.043).

Conclusions

Serum hepcidin level is associated with CVD in MHD patients, indicating that hepcidin may be a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for CVD.

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Protein and starch are important in wheat quality and yield. To understand the genetic relationship between protein and starch at the quantitative trait locus (QTL)/gene level, 168 doubled haploid (DH) lines were used at three locations over 2 years. The QTLs for proteinfraction contents and starch content were analyzed by unconditional and conditional QTL mapping. We detected 17 unconditional additive QTLs (four albumin QTLs, three globulin QTLs, six gliadin QTLs, four glutenin QTLs) controlling protein-fraction contents. We detected 19 conditional QTLs (five albumin QTLs, three globulin QTLs, five gliadin QTLs, six glutenin QTLs) based on starch content. Of these QTLs, QAlu1B, QGlo6A, QGli1B, QGli7A, QGlu1B and QGlu1D increased the protein-fraction contents independent of the starch content. These QTLs could regulate the usual inverse relationship between protein and starch in wheat seeds. The results could possibly be used in the simultaneous improvement of grain protein and starch content in wheat breeding.

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