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Heat and CO2rates are measured on M. domesticapupae as a function of age and temperature. Heats of combustion of flies, pupae, and puparia are also measured. Heat and CO2rates decrease for 3 d post-pupation and increase exponentially over 4 d prior to eclosure. Heat and CO2rates are low and increase slowly from 5 to 23C, then rapidly increase from 23 to 26C, then more slowly up to 38C where pupae are stressed. Respiratory substrate varies with age and temperature, is a mix of lipids and carbohydrates, and has an average carbon oxidation state of -0.3 at room temperature. Humidity, elevated CO2, or reduced O2did not affect pupal metabolism.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Rosara Payne, J. Drader, J. Friese, L. Greenwood, C. Hines, L. Metz, J. Kephart, M. King, B. Pierson, J. Smith, and D. Wall


Washington State University’s 1 MW TRIGA reactor has a long history of utilization for neutron activation analysis (NAA). TRIGA reactors have the ability to pulse, reach supercritical (k > 1) for short bursts of time (~50 ms). At this high power and fast time the energy spectrum and neutron fluence are largely uncharacterized. The pulse neutron energy spectrum and fluence were determined by the activation of Cu, Au, Co, Fe, and Ti. These analyses were completed with and without Cd shielding to determine reproducibility between pulses. The applications and implications of the neutron energy and fluence reproducibility to the use of pulsed NAA will be discussed.

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