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Abstract  

Three bio-fuels with or without additives and their fly ash samples were characterized using simultaneous Thermogravimetry-Differential Thermal Analysis-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry-Mass Spectrometry (TG-DTA-FTIR-MS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), and Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive Spectrometry (SEM-EDS). The results show that the additives increase the reactivity of the bio-fuel during combustion. The additives also significantly decrease the amount of unburned carbon in the fly ash. The additives affect the compounds formed in the fly ash sample, and consequently the thermal behaviour of the fly ash. The fly ash samples are thermally stable in air up to 100C. The fly ash samples contain fine particles with irregular shape, small round particles, and large hollow spherical particles with entrapped gases.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: L. Reyes-Herrera, G. Ferro-Flores, J. Lezama-Carrasco, M. Gonzalez-Zavala, F. Ureña-Nuñez, and E. Avila-Ramirez

Abstract  

An alkaline kit formulation (pH 9) to obtain [99mTc]MAG3 with radiochemical puritives over 98% has been developed, avoiding the addition of filtered air to the vial, the use of large amounts of99mTc activity (i.e., 3.7 GBq) or the reconstitution of large volumes. The use of this radiopharmaceutical in mice showed a minimal accumulation in the hepatobiliary system (0.37±0.3% I.D., 1 h postinjection). However, in rabbits we always obtained good image quality.

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