Authors:L. Peng, L. Yi, L. Xi, R. Lifang, and Z. Chaocan
The biological activity of a kind of hetero-bimetallic Schiff-base complex was studied using Escherichia coli (E. coli) cell as the target. By microcalorimetry, the difference of anti-bacterial activity between the binuclear Schiff-base and
the ligand was determined and analyzed. To analyze the inhibition of the bacterial growth internally, the E. coli cells grown in the presence of hetero-bimetallic Schiff-base complex were observed by scanning electron microscopy. The images
in high resolution revealed the damage of outer cell membrane caused the inhibitory effect on E. coli. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry results proved the absorption of the complex by cells, which confirmed the
interaction between the Schiff-base and biological macromolecule.
Three samples of silicon dioxide were syhthesized and their surface areas were measured. A thermo-chemical cycle was designed
to calculate the molar formation enthalpy. The molar formation enthalpy, ΔfHmΦ, for three amorphous silica with the Langmuir surface area 198.0854, 25.1108 and 11.9821 m2 g−1 gave −895.52, −910.86 and −915.67 kJ mol−1, respectively. With the increasing surface area, the values of ΔfHmΦ increased accordingly.
The results suggest that the silica with larger surface area is more unstable. The wetting heat was also measured by adding
the silica powder into water. With the rehydration of the more SiOH groups on the surface, the larger surface areas of silica
lead to the more wetting heat. A smaller particle has the more unstable hydroxyl groups and surface energy.
Authors:L. Peng, X. Jiangjun, M. Fangquan, L. Xi, and Z. Chaocan
The standard molar enthalpy of combustion of cholesterol was measured at constant volume. According to value of ΔrUmθ(−14358.4±20.65 kJ mol−1), ΔrHmθ(−14385.7 kJ mol−1) of combustion reaction and ΔfHmθ(2812.9 kJ mol−1) of cholesterol were obtained from the reaction equation. The enthalpy of combustion reaction of cholesterol was also estimated
by the average bond enthalpies. By design of a thermo-chemical recycle, the enthalpy of combustion of cholesterol were calculated
between 283.15∼373.15 K. Besides, molar enthalpy and entropy of fusion of cholesterol was obtained by DSC technique.
Retention indexes (RI's) on SE-30 and Carbowax 20M columns are characteristic and can be used for identification purposes. A method for predicting RI on the basis of the number of atoms and contributions from substituents and functional groups is discussed. This method establishes a structure retention index relationship (SRIR), capable of relating structure to RI and is useful for suggesting structure to match with radioactive peaks. Examples of labeled side products tentatively identified in this manner are given.
Authors:Y. Wang, L. Yin, G. Lv, Y. Xu, L. Xu, Y. Qi, L. Zheng, and J. Peng
In the present paper, a simple and reliable high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) method was developed both for quantitative determination and fingerprint analysis of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb for quality control. Under the optimized HPLC conditions, seven bioactive compounds including rutin, quercetin-3-rhamnoside, luteoloside, tiliroside, apigenin, kaempferol, and agrimonolide were determined simultaneously. For fingerprint analysis, 11 common peaks were selected as the characteristic peaks to evaluate the similarities of 16 different samples collected from different origins in China. Besides, hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) was also performed to evaluate the variation of the raw materials. This is the first report of using a simple method for quality control of A. pilosa Ledeb through multi-component determination and chromatographic fingerprint analysis to the best of our knowledge.
Authors:L. Peng, L. Yi, H. Jia, D. Fengjiao, P. Daiwen, and Q. Songsheng
A microcalorimetric technique was used to evaluate the influence of La3+ on mitochondria isolated from the liver tissue of Avian chicken. By means of LKB-2277 bioactivity monitor, ampoule method
at 37C, we obtained the thermogenic curves of the metabolism of mitochondria. After isolation from the chicken liver tissue,
mitochondria still have metabolic activity and can live for a long time depending on the stored nutrients. In order to analyze
the results, the maximum power (Pm) and the decline rate constants (kd) were obtained. The addition of La3+ results in an increase of the maximum heat production and decline rate constants. Furthermore, values of Pm and kd are linked to the concentration of La3+. According to the thermogenic curves under different conditions, it is clear that metabolic mechanism of mitochondria has
been changed with the addition of La3+.
Authors:F. L. Chen, O. T. Sørensen, G. Y. Meng, and D. K. Peng
The decomposition process of barium, cerium and neodymium oxalates in air was investigated by DTA-TG. Decomposition of an oxalate coprecipitate precursor and formation of barium cerate were examined in air, N2 and CO2 atmospheres, respectively, by employing DTA-TG and XRD. The results showed that, in air, cerium oxalate could easily be decomposed to CeO2 below 350°C and Nd2O3 could be obtained at 670°C, while a high temperature of >1400°C was needed to obtain BaO. Although some amount of BaCeO3 was formed at 500°C in air, at 650°C in N2 and at 800°C in CO2, single perovskite phase of BaCeO3 could only be obtained at a much higher temperature.
Authors:Y.-P. Chou, H.-Y. Hou, R.-H. Chang, M.-L. You, J.-Y. Peng, and C.-M. Shu
Cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) and its derivatives have caused many serious explosions and fires in Taiwan as a consequence of
thermal instability, chemical contamination, and even mechanical shock. It has been employed in polymerization for producing
phenol and dicumyl peroxide (DCPO). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to analyze the thermal hazard of CHP
in the presence of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and sodium bisulfite (Na2SO3). Thermokinetic parameters for decomposition, such as exothermic onset temperature (T0), maximum temperature (Tmax), and enthalpy (ΔH), were obtained from the thermal curves. Isothermal microcalorimetry (thermal activity monitor, TAM) was employed to investigate
the thermal hazards during CHP storage and CHP mixed with NaOH, H2SO4, and Na2SO3 under isothermal conditions in a reactor or container. Tests by TAM indicated that from 70 to 90 °C an autocatalytic reaction
was apparent in the thermal curves. According to the results from the TAM test, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
was, in turn, adopted to analyze the result of concentration versus time. By the Arrhenius equation, the activation energy
(Ea) and rate constant (k) were calculated. Depending on the process conditions, NaOH was one of the incompatible chemicals or catalysts for CHP. When
CHP is mixed with NaOH, the T0 is induced earlier and the reactions become more complex than for pure CHP, and the Ea is lower than for pure CHP.
Authors:Y. Cheng, H. F. Wang, H. F. Sun, H. L. Li, Y. F. Liu, S. X. Peng, K. X. Liu, and Z. Y. Guo
Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) is an ultra-sensitive method to monitor and trace the environmental exposure levels of 14C-labeled molecules in vivo. Nicotine [3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)-pyridine], a major alkaloid in tobacco products, has proven to be a potential genotoxic compound. Using 14C-labeled nicotine and AMS, we have investigated the inhibitory effect of curcumin, garlic squeeze, grapeseed extract, tea polyphenols, vitamin C and vitamin E, respectively, on nicotine-hemoglobin (Hb) adduction in vivo. The results demonstrated that these dietary constituents induced remarkable decrease of nicotine-Hb adducts. The inhibitory fact may afford an important clue of the chemoprevention of the potential nicotine-induced carcinogenesis.