Authors:J. Jung, H. Jeong, H. Chung, M. Lee, J. Jin, and K. Park
Hydrogen gas (H2) was produced by gamma-irradiation of pure water in the presence of various TiO2 catalysts. Most catalysts used in this work largely enhanced the radiolytic decomposition of water and subsequent production of H2. The different activity of catalysts was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra. The addition of methanol as a sacrificing agent further increased the H2 production by scavenging hydroxyl radicals and the scavenging activity was directly identified using an EPR/spin-trapping technique. Among the catalysts studied, nanosized TiO2 (nTiO2) showed an excellent activity in the production of H2. Furthermore, the addition of EDTA instead of methanol largely increased the H2 production. This is quite promising since waste compounds such as EDTA can be removed with concomitant H2 production
Authors:B. H. Park, S. B. Park, S. M. Jeong, C.-S. Seo, and S.-W. Park
The Advanced Spent Conditioning Process (ACP) developed by the KAERI is based on pyrometallurgy and the electrolytic reduction
plays a central role in transforming spent oxide fuels into metals. The constituents of the spent fuels are distributed between
a salt and a reduced metal phase during electrolysis. Lithium metal is produced in a molten LiCl-Li2O cell and then it reacts with the metal oxides of the spent fuel producing Li2O and reduced metals. By focusing on the activity of Li2O and the electric potential, the electrolytic reduction process of the ACP is discussed. Thermodynamic considerations are
defined and operation conditions are proposed including Li2O activity and cell potential.