Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 11 items for :

  • Author or Editor: P. Satre x
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering x
  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

The elaboration of Na+ super-ionic conductor (NaSICON) ceramics is studied in this work. These solid electrolytes can be used as sensor for detection of polluted gases in air. Two sorts of ceramics with different chemical compositions are synthesised by soft chemistry route: a zirconium-based NaSICON and a hafnium-based NaSICON. DTA-TG and temperature depending X-ray diffractometry were used to follow the thermal decomposition of the precursor phases. The electrical properties of these ceramic sodium ionic conductors are investigated by complex impedance spectroscopy (CIS). The substitution of the zirconium by the hafnium increases the ceramic conductivity and decreases the activation energy E a (from 0.29 to 0.12 eV).

Restricted access

Transformations de la phase supraconductrice a haute T c (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2O8+x

Etude des variations de stoechiométrie d'oxygène par optimisation de l'analyse thermogravimétrique

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: P. Satre and A. Sebaoun

Abstract  

DTA-DTG systematic study of highT c superconducting phase (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2O8+x, with and without lead, shows a quantitatively opposite variation of oxygen stoechiometry on heating and cooling. Multiplate sample container, designed for the study, allowed to dissociated PbO loss from oxygen variations. Phases transformations have been studied under severalP O2 by scanning DTA and DTG. Oxygen variations evolution has been evaluated by isothermal TG. The results proved that phase diagram representation must take into consideration theP O2 coordinate.

Restricted access

Simultaneous measurements of variations in magnetic and dilatometric properties were successfully used to detect the phase transition occurring during the thermal treatment of iron(III) oxide microcrystals. The increase of the compacting pressure, i.e. the increase of the interparticular number, favours the irreversibleγα transition. An unusual phase of iron(III) oxide, different from theγ-phase, has been unambiguously demonstrated. Its stability seems to be improved by the surface energy excess due to the highly-divided state.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The Al–Ga–Zn ternary phase diagram presents two isobaric invariant reactions: a eutectic at 231C and a metatectic at 1231C [1–3]. Calorimetric measurements on the two isobaric invariant reactions have been carried out. First the Tammann method has enabled us to determine the composition of their limits on five isopletic cross sections. Then, the compositions of the invariant phases have been determined.

Restricted access
Restricted access

Abstract  

The Al-Zn-Ga ternary phase diagram was earlier established by thermodynamic modellization [1], but no experimental study appears to have been carried out on this system, except for measurements of mixing enthalpies in the liquid [2]. The present experimental study was carried out by thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction at various temperatures, using the isopletic cuts method. Four isopletic cuts were established and two others were partly studied in the Al-rich corner of the diagram. On these cuts, two isobaric ternary invariant reactions were determined: a eutectic reaction at 231C, and a metatectic reaction at 1231C. Evidence was found for the existence of a retrograde miscibility of Ga in a solid solution α′SS which protrudes into the ternary system starting from the Al-Zn binary up to a Ga concentration of about 30%*.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The first part of this paper presented five experimental isopletic cuts in the Al-Zn-Ga ternary phase diagram. On these cuts, two isobaric ternary invariant reactions were determined and a significant retrograde miscibility of Ga in a α′SS solid solution was observed. In the second part, the two isobaric invariant reactions are studied more precisely. In particular, the composition of the invariant phases are given and the Ga miscibility in the αSS ternary solid solution is studied. Isothermal sections are established. The results confirm the existence of a vanishing point in the liquidus area, conjugated with a ternary critical point at about 290C. A general perspective shape of the equilibria in the diagram is proposed.

Restricted access

Phase diagram in the Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system

Buffer effect of non-superconducting phases on oxygen exchange of the superconducting ones

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Sebaoun, P. Satre, M. Mansori, and A. L'Honore

TG-DTA and X-ray diffraction measurements at different temperatures and under different oxygen partial pressures were carried out on the species Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2CuO6±x, Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2CaCu2O8±y and Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10±z to analyse the influence of the oxygen chemical potential on the phase transformations. A new phase was found at isobaric invariant equilibrium for 0.5≤ /PTot≤1 at 884°C. This new phase presents a buffer effect towards oxygen exchange between superconducting oxides and the gas phase.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Study of solid-liquid phase diagram of LiPO3-Pb(PO3)2 binary system, in certain calcination conditions, shows the existence of several metastable phasis. When heated at a temperature of 723 K the binary mixtures lead uncompletely to a defined compound Pb2Li(PO3). On heating these ternary solid mixtures, three eutectic reactions have been observed: LiPO3+Pb(PO3)2→Liquid at a temperature of 793 K(1) LiPO3+Pb2Li(PO3)5→Liquid at a temperature of 843 K (2) Pb2Li(PO3)5+Pb(PO3)2→Liquid at a temperature of 891 K (3) The metastable liquid phase appears in the system at temperature of 793 K. DTA experiments performed on the binary LiPO3-Pb(PO3)2 mixtures, show a superposition of two diagrams. The first one is metastable and the second represents the stable equilibrium phase diagram. Measurements of liquid enthalpy of binary LiPO3-Pb(PO3)2 system at temperature of 979.65 K were reported. The corresponding values were very small and so the binary system can be considered as athermal. Assuming an ideal behaviour, the liquidus curves in the metastable diagram were calculated and the eutectic reaction (LiPO3-Pb(PO3)2→Liquid) was confirmed at 793 K.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The oxygen exchange between the condensed phase(s) and the gas phase was studied as a function of temperature for superconducting phases of the system (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O. An oxygen probe apparatus allowed confirmation that the variation in oxygen composition in the Pb2212 and Pb2223 superconducting phases is a reversible phenomenon on heating and cooling. It was demonstrated that the mass loss of both phases, for the 905 and 980°C isotherms, was due to the oxygen composition variation and to PbO loss (this latter phenomenon begin irreversible).

Restricted access