The effect of short-term higher ambient temperature (HT) and continuous vibration (CV) treatment was comparatively characterized by sensory evaluation and chemical analysis. Results of quantitative descriptive analysis of modified frequency (MF) showed that HT causes both in red wine and white wine a decrease of fruity and floral characters, an unbalance of taste, and a shortness of aftertaste length. CV wine showed very close sensory characters to control in most terms evaluated. Seventy-four volatile compounds were quantitative analysed by solid phase microextractiongas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and the principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted on the 23 volatiles of highest odour activity value (OAV). The concentrations of potential fruity and floral aroma attributors like isoamyl acetate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl octanoate, β-damascenone, and linalool were lower in HT wine than that in original wine and CV wine.
In the present paper, various formulae for evaluating critical buckling strain of bending pipeline are analyzed on basis of its actual nature, available test data or finite element calculation results. The available test data is from different resources, it provides a more objective comparison; Especially, the experimental bending buckling data of Corona et al. and Kyriakides et al. for Al-6061-T6 aluminum pipes with various D/t value, as well as the prediction of Minnaar’s FEM regressive formula for high grade steel pipe are reanalyzed to check the reasonability of the plastically elliptical cross-section model. It shows that the consequence of the plastically elliptical cross-section model is more reasonable than others for the critical buckling strain prediction of a pipe bending in most cases.