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  • Author or Editor: W. Bourzik x
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Abstract  

Uranium (238U) and thorium (232Th) concentrations were evaluated in different cereal, fruit and vegetable samples by using a method based on the calculation of the detection efficiencies of the emitted a-particles by CR-39 and LR-115 type II solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTD) and measuring the resulting track densities. The influence of the soils on which the plants grow, and the fertilizers used was investigated. Total daily intakes of 238U and 232Th for a typical food basket were estimated to be 1.16 Bq.d-1 and 0.94 Bq.d-1, respectively, corresponding to a total committed effective dose of 0.27.10-7 Sv.d-1. Annual committed effective doses due to 238U and 232Th originated from the ingestion of different foodstuffs were evaluated for the adult members of the population by using the ICRP ingestion dose coefficients.

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Abstract  

Uranium and thorium contents were determined in samples of various plants in the soils in which the plants were grown, and in herbal infusions made by boiling the plants in potable water, using CR-39 and LR-115 solid state nuclear track detectors. In addition, radon and thoron alpha-activities per unit volume inside the plants, soils and herbal infusions were measured. These measurements were completed by an investigation of the radon transfer between soils and plants and that between plants and herbal infusions, and also by the investigation of the influence of pollution due to different material dusts on the radon and thoron alpha activities inside the plants and their infusions.

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Abstract  

Uranium and thorium contents were evaluated in water samples collected from different sources of the piedmont of the Middle Atlas mountains by using two types of solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTD). In addition, the radon (222Rn) and thoron (220Rn) -activities per unit volume of the water samples were also determined. The influence of the water flow rate and altitude on the radon concentration of the water samples belonging to the piedmont of the Middle Atlas mountains was investigated. The hydraulic exchanges between the Middle Atlas water reservoirs and the Turonian aquifer of the neighbouring Tadla plain have been quantified. The results were compared with data given in literature.

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