Nanoscience and technology (NST) is a young scientific and technological field that has generated great worldwide interest
in the past two decades. Previous bibliometric analyses have unmistakably demonstrated the remarkable growth of the global
NST literature. While almost all published research articles in NST are in English, increasingly a larger share of NST publications
is published in the Chinese language. Perplexingly, Chinese is the only language — apart from English — that displays an ascendant
trend in the NST literature. In this brief note, we explore and evaluate three arguments that could explain this phenomenon:
coverage bias, language preference, and community formation.
Neuroscience is one of the most active research fields in many countries including China, an economically and scientifically
emerging country, where a rapid development has been occurred since the 1970s. In this study, a MEDLINE-based bibliometric
analysis of Chinese international output in neuroscience was conducted for the period from 1984 through 2001. An attempt was
made to identify the pattern of the growth and to obtain some quantitative indicators over the literature studied in order
to review at the developing steps of neuroscience in China during the period.
Let R be an IF ring, or be a ring such that each right R-module has a monomorphic flat envelope and the class of flat modules is coresolving. We firstly give a characterization of copure projective and cotorsion modules by lifting and extension diagrams, which implies that the classes of copure projective and cotorsion modules have some balanced properties. Then, a relative right derived functor is introduced to investigate copure projective and cotorsion dimensions of modules. As applications, some new characterizations of QF rings, perfect rings and noetherian rings are given.