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  • Author or Editor: Z. Aigner x
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Abstract  

γ-Cyclodextrin and dimethyl-β-cyclodextrin were used as solubilizing agents for a very poorly water-soluble drug, an imidazole derivative antifungal agent, clotrimazole; with the aim of improving the physicochemical properties of the drug. Solid products were prepared by physical mixing, kneading, precipitation and spray-drying methods in 1:1 and 1:2 drug:cyclodextrin molar ratios. Drug interactions were studied by thermoanalytical methods such as DSC, DTA, TG and DTG, X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transformation-infrared spectroscopy. The results demonstrated the formation of inclusion complexes in some products.

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Abstract  

Inclusion complexation between cyclodextrin derivatives (hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin and methyl-β-cyclodextrin) and a very poorly water-soluble antifungal agent, ketoconazole, was studied. Solid products were prepared by physical mixing, kneading and spray-drying methods in four molecular ratios: 2:1, 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3. The possibility of complex formation between the drug and the cyclodextrins was studied by thermal analysis. Supplementary techniques, such as X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transformation-infrared spectroscopy, were also applied to interpret the results of the thermal study of the products.

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Summary Inclusion complexation between dimethyl-β-cyclodextrin and a very poorly water-soluble serum lipid-regulating agent, gemfibrozil, was studied. Products were prepared by several methods (physical mixing, kneading, spray-drying and ultrasonic treatment) in four different molecular ratios (2:1, 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3). The possibility of complex formation between the drug and the host molecule was studied by thermal analysis. Supplementary techniques, such as Fourier transformation-infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffractometry, were also applied to interpret the results of thermal study of the products.

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Abstract  

The purpose of this investigation was to further elucidate calorimetric properties of cartilage samples from femoral head necrosis and osteoarthritis from live surgeries. The natural course of this disease is one of steady progression with eventual collapse of the femoral head, followed by secondary osteoarthritis in the hip joint. All samples showed a clear denaturation peak on the calorimetric curve. Cartilage obtained from necrotic femoral head required the lowest amount of energy for decomposition. The use differential scanning calorimetry as part of thermal analysis was a reliable method for differentiating.

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Abstract  

The purpose of this study was to further characterize the altered metabolism spondylolisthesis that promotes disease progression. Degenerative human cartilage (intervertebral disc, facet joint and vertebral end-plate) was obtained during 15 posterior lumbar spine interbody fusion procedures performed at the University of Szeged. The thermal properties of samples were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (Mettler-Toledo DSC 821e). Greatest change in the enthalpy was observed in the intervertebral disc samples: −1600.78 J g−1. Denaturation caused by heating in the normal human hyaline cartilage needed −1493.31 J g−1 energy. Characterization of the altered metabolism that promotes disease progression should lead to future treatment options.

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Abstract  

The glenohumeral joint is not a classical mass bearing joint, the treatment of primary osteoarthritis is conservative. In all other cases, when the arthritis is associated with unbalance of the soft tissues, the treatment solution of this pathology is arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to examine the altered metabolism in human degenerated cartilage of the shoulder joint. With the rise of temperature an endothermic reaction was observed in all cases. The use differential scanning calorimetry as part of thermal analysis was a reliable method for differentiating normal hyaline cartilage from degenerated samples.

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Abstract  

During recent years, knowledge of rheumatoid arthritis has increased, and management of the disease has improved. A limited number of papers have been published before on the subject of thermal analysis of degenerative cartilage but rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been studied previously. A new protocol had to be established before the investigation. The purpose of this study was to further characterize the altered metabolism in human RA cartilage that promotes disease progression. Previously, these methods have not been used for this purpose. The use of thermal analysis could be an effective method for controlling the relationship between biomarkers and disease progression.

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Abstract

The compatibility of aceclofenac with various tableting excipients was investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The excipients applied in the direct pressing retard tablets were Carbopol 940, hydroxypropyl-methyl-cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, Aerosil 200 and magnesium stearate. The ingredients alone and their 1:1 (w/w) binary mixtures were investigated before and after accelerated storage. An interaction was observed only between aceclofenac and magnesium stearate. The DSC and FT-IR examinations indicated formation of the magnesium salt of aceclofenac. For the other mixtures, there was no incompatibility between the components.

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Abstract

In view of the poor aqueous solubility of nifluminic acid (NIF), the aim of this article was to improve its solubility and dissolution rate through the preparation of formulations based on hydroxypropyl β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and polyvinylpyrrolidone K25 (PVP K25), a combination of carriers which has been advantageously used for a similar purpose with various hydrophobic drugs. Ternary systems of NIF, HPβCD, and PVP K25 were prepared in different drug to CD to PVP ratios by physical mixing, kneading, microwave irradiation, and co-evaporation. Differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, hot stage microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray powder diffractometry were used to investigate the resulting solid-state interactions. The results showed that the solid state of the drug in the amorphous or crystalline ternary combinations influenced both the solubility and the dissolution rate of NIF.

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