Authors:K. Papp, É. Kocsárdy, A. Kiss, and T. Lakatos
The effect of reduction of pressure on the shapes of the TG, DTG and DTA curves and the mass-spectra of hydroxide and carbonate phases was investigated in some typical Hungarian red muds. The pressure change caused different decomposition rates of the phases and resulted in better separation of the overlapping thermal curves; this led to advantages as regards phase analysis. For phase analysis the red muds were extracted with water, and the extracts and solid residues were identified by IR- and X-ray methods.
Authors:Cs. Vértes, G. Vass, E. Kuzmann, K. Romhányi, M. Lakatos-Varsányi, and A. Vértes
Conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) and XPS has been used for the surface analysis of an X10CrNiTi 18/9 (DIN 1.7440)-type stainless steel in order to determine the supposed structural and/or chemical changes in the surface layer caused by polishing. Both, CEMS and XPS results can be associated with the appearance of Fe nitride in the outer layer of steel samples after polishing, while no sign of nitrogen was detected in the bulk material.