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Abstract  

This article is a review of some of the results we have obtained by studying various kinds of emulsions using techniques from the simplest one, a home-made differential thermal analysis to elaborated ones such as differential scanning calorimetry commercial devices. These techniques were used not only to determine energetic values but also essentially to show and quantify physical chemical phenomena such as undercooling, freezing, melting, mass transfer between droplets and solid formation involved in hydrate formation.

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The influence of support porosity on the selectivity of home-made 5%Pd–2%In/support (support = SiO2, Al2O3, TiO2) catalysts in nitrate reduction was studied. The main final products of the reaction were N2 and NH4 +. Together with the decrease in pore diameter, an increase in ammonia concentration in the reaction mixture was observed. It is probably caused by slow diffusion of OH ions from narrow pores to the solution.

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Bread plays an outstanding role even by European standards in Hungarian diet, mainly in the everyday food of the lower social strata. From the second half of the 20th century, changes can be documented in this pattern both in home bread baking and consumption. Behind the changes in food culture are macro socio-economic processes transforming the traditions. The study traces the general course of this process, drawing mainly on rural examples and comparing them with the situation in Budapest.

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Nuclear microprobe was used to measure single aerosol particles (SAPs) indoors from Shanghai. Every particle is characterized with its micro-PIXE spectrum, which can be considered as the fingerprint of the SAPs. The pattern recognition technique (PR) was applied to trace the SAPs back to their source. Results of five monitor homes at different locations in Shanghai show that most of the measured indoor aerosol particles are derived from soil dust, cement dust, vehicle exhaust, coal boilers and steel mill dust.

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Summary The topic of this paper is one of the frequent motives in Macedonian contemporary drama: a voluntary exile from one's own country and the desire for better and more fortunate life. “A desire for distance' (Walter Benjamin) is attractive and frightening at the same time. The myth of the attraction of the other place is one of the oldest myths in history. From Homer to the Romantics, from the philosophy of Existentialism to a feeling of being a stranger today, this myth has not lost anything. Working away from one's native place as a condition of Otherness reveals certain relations between home and foreign country, but also, between Me and not-Me (Me as the Other). The problem of a person's identity, but also the problem of national and gender identity, have transformed the myth of the other place into the myth of the home. Paradoxically the exile in space becomes an exile of human soul. The literary practice of the contemporary Macedonian dramatic authors: Goran Stefanovski, Kole Chashule, Jugoslav Petrovski and others, illustrate the already mentioned stereotypes and images of the “self' and the “other'.

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Although nature looms large throughout Homer’s Odyssey, literary critics have entirely neglected to discuss his construction of the natural world in this foundational Western work. This neglect might be the result of two factors: the blurred line between geographical and fantastical locales in Odysseus’ travels and the blurred line between natural forces and deities. This essay recognizes that Homer not only reconstructs the Mediterranean world in his epic through detailed references to weather, geology, plants, birds, and animals but also that his similes suggest a consciousness of inter-species relationships. Principally, however, this essay argues, as does William Cronon, that “relationships, processes, and systems are as ecological as they are cultural,” and that Odysseus’ response to nature may usefully be understood in relation to three ecocritical models: the anthropocentric or domination model, the stewardship model, and the biomorphic model. His exploitative and aggressive behavior toward the Cyclopes, Circe, and the cattle of the Sun is contrasted with his recognition upon his homecoming of his own animal nature and his appreciation of the agrarian and pastoral life. While the tradition of writing in The Odyssey genre has vigorously continued in Western literature, only recently have contemporary environmental writers moved toward a recognition of the threat of the anthropocentric perspective to the imperative of working toward the stewardship and biomorphic models.

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It is not an easy task to reconstruct the library and music collection of a composer, whose homes – from Hungary through some European cities and South America to the United States – cannot be counted on the fingers of both hands. This paper investigates the story of Ernő Dohnányi's music collection and music library: summarizes the stages of Dohnányi's life, where he stayed for a longer period of time, therefore makes it possible to round up a considerable library and also discusses the lists, which give account of the items of the composer's books and scores. These lists preserved about the content of Dohnányi's previous Hungarian books and music collections of the Széher út villa, the music collection on Városmajor utca (the house of Dohnányi's sister), and about the library and music collection of the Dohnányis' Tallahassee home. The author of this paper could use the items of Dohnányi's books and scores, which the composer possessed in the final decade of his lifetime, too. At present, these documents, Dohnányi's American Estate is in the care of the Archives for 20th–21st Century Hungarian Music of the Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for Humanities of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest. Beside the lists, the correspondence between Dohnányi and his sister, Mici, also contains information about the story of Dohnányi's libraries and music collections. This overview follows Dohnányi's collection even during the American years when he wanted to receive volumes of his former library, and understandably wanted to establish as rich a library as he had in his previous homes.

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Az „Újraélesztett egészségügy, Gyógyuló Magyarország – Semmelweis-terv az egészségügy megmentésére” címet viselő vitairat szerint: „A hazai intenzívosztály-hálózat kapacitása az egyik, de nem az egyetlen igen szűk keresztmetszet a sürgősségi ellátás terén jelenleg.” A szerző az Orvosi Hetilap 24. számában megjelent írásában bemutatta – az intenzív osztályok egészségbiztosítónak jelentett forgalmi adatai alapján –, hogy egyetlen naptári napon sem érték el a 75%-os telítettséget. Az intenzív osztályról közvetlenül hazabocsátottak száma miatti 15–20 ezer feleslegesnek ítélhető intenzív osztályos betegnap is szükségtelen. Jelen tanulmány részben intézményi szinten vizsgálja az intenzív osztályok működését. A szerző bemutatja, hogyan változott a betegek lélegeztetett napjai és a közvetlen hazabocsátások száma, és igazolja, hogy azokban az intézményekben magas a közvetlenül hazabocsátott, tehát túlápolt betegek aránya, ahol kevés a lélegeztetett beteg. Orv. Hetil., 2011, 152, 1813–1817.

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Twenty Roman Age home-made sherds from Central Italian San Potito locality were studied by petrographic microscopic method. The ceramics were divided into five petrographic groups on the basis of their composition and structural-textural features. Two groups of the ceramics were tempered with clasts of alkaline volcanic origin, which seem to originate from Central-Italian volcanic territory components. The ceramics belonging to the other three groups contained large amounts of limestone and carbonatic fossils, the origin of the raw material was a marine clayish sediment, perhaps flysch.

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The paper deals with the national and gender specificity of Jelena Dimitrijević’s travelogues. This specificity is significantly caused both by the phenomenon of women travelling, its literary representation (the female author achieves a special status leaving her home as the place prescribed by the patriarchal culture to women) and her own Balkan culture identity. Dimitrijević’s texts are analyzed here in connection with the concept of the Balkan orientalism and the theory of nomadic subject. The paper considers the explicitly transnational character of Dimitrijević’s writings.

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