The Hungarian polyhistor Matthias Bel (1684–1749) is an outstanding figure of Slovak and Hungarian culture history. He was one of the promoters and organizers of scientific research in Slovakia. During his work he came into contact with the town of Trnava and its inhabitants. The present study offers an analysis of historical and literary texts proving the connection between Bel and Trnava. Most importantly, in his
Notitia Hungariae novae historico-geographica
, Tomus II (Vienna 1736) Trnava is described on 100 pages. Further, his correspondence with a town senator and a number of private persons has been preserved. In addition, Schwandtner’s work
Scriptores rerum Hungaricarum
(1765) was published in Trnava with an introduction by Bel. The analyzed documents prove Bel’s positive, even warm relationship to Trnava and its inhabitants.