Authors:Dongling Han, Longxiao Liu, and Xinghua Wang
The thermal properties of caprolactam/long chain lactam copolymer were studied with a Perkin-Elmer DSC 7. The melting point
(Tm), heat of fusion (δHm), crystalline degree (Xc), crystallization temperature (Tc) and glass transition temperature (Tg) of the copolymers increase with decrease of the content of the log chain lactam. From the changes in the mechanical properties
with corresponding changes in the thermal properties, it is clear that the copolymers are thermal plastic and elastic. In
addition, it is found that the results at a heating rate of 10 deg·min−1 are almost the same as that at 20 deg·min−1 after thermal history is erased.
The thermal properties (in the temperature range of 100–250°C) of N-ethyl-N-phenyldithiocarbamatecomplexes of Zn(II), Co(III), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) and their influence on the kinetics of cure have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry (in nitrogen). It was found that Zn(II), Co(III) and Pb(II) dithiocarbamates melted without further effects, while the melting of Ni(II) and Cu(II) dithiocarbamates is accompanied with decomposition. From the kinetic point of view, the dithiocarbamates decrease the values of the reaction order and the values of rate constants follow this order (with respect to the metal ion): Zn(II)<Cu(II)<Pb(II)<Ni(II)<Co(III).
Multiblock terpolymers -(PBT-b-PTMO-b-PA12.10)n- comprising the polymer systems in which one of the three blocks (PBT) is not soluble in the hard phase of PA12.10 blocks
but is slightly soluble in the soft phase of PTMO blocks have been obtained. The DSC and DMTA method was applied to investigate
the thermal properties of these polymers and it was found that the PBT block acts as an element that produce stiffness of
-(PBT-b-PTMO-b-PA12.10)n- structure. The terpolymers were compared with the previously described  -(PBT-b-PTMO-b-PA12)n- elastomers, in which the rigid PBT block (DP > 7) dissolves in the hard phase of PA12 blocks and partly dissolves in the
soft phase. It was found that even a small change in the chemical structure of the amide block influences significantly on
the structure, phase separation and the properties of terpolymers.
The dehydration and decomposition of the red mud from Seydięehir Aluminum factory, mixed with soda were investigated under
dynamic and isothermal conditions. Soda was added to the red mud samples as much as 50, 100 and 150 mass% of Na2CO3 of the red mud sample's mass. To determine the effect of soda additive on the red mud's thermal properties, using TG and
DTA techniques simultaneously under atmospheric conditions. Furthermore, the original red mud sample's XRD and IR spectrum
curves were investigated. It seems that the temperatures of the endothermic peaks of the red mud decreased with the amount
of soda added. However the endothermic peak's temperature readings showed that the melting of soda increased gradually with
the quantity of soda used.
Authors:S. Šnircová, E. Jóna, L’. Lajdová, V. Jorik, M. Drábik, M. Pajtášová, D. Ondrušová, and S. Mojumdar
The influence of different steric properties of methylamine (MA), dimethylamine (DIMA) and trimethylamine (TRMA) on the type
of interactions with Ni-exchanged montmorillonite and thermal properties of these materials were studied. The results of diffraction,
spectral (IR) and thermal (TG, DTG) analysis show that MA, DIMA and TRMA are intercalated into the interlayer space of montmorillonite.
Thermal decomposition in the temperature interval 20–450°C of studied samples with MA and DIMA proceeds in three steps (the
release of chemisorbed amines, coordinated amines and alkylammonium cations) while the sample with TRMA decompose only in
two steps (the peak corresponds to the release of coordinated TRMA is absent). The effect of different steric properties of
individual amines is evident.
Vinylated polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS-M) was prepared by the reaction of POSS containing amine groups with
acrylic acid. Azobenzene liquid crystalline copolymer (LCP-POSS) was then synthesized with 6.0 mol% POSS-M and 94.0 mol% acrylate
monomer containing azobenzene liquid crystalline moiety (Azo-M) by free-radical copolymerization. Homopolymer of Azo-M (LCP)
was also synthesized under the same conditions. Their thermal properties and liquid crystallinity were characterized by Thermal
gravimetric analysis (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Wide-angle X-ray diffraction experiments (XRD) and polarized
optical micrographs (POM). The results showed that LCP-POSS has higher thermal stability and glass transition temperature
than pure LCP due to the incorporation of the rigid cage-like POSS. Especially, LCP-POSS exhibits enantiotropic smectic and
nematic liquid crystalline behaviors, its smectic-nematic transition temperature (TSN) and nematic-isotropic transition temperature (TNI) are higher than those of pure LCP, which may promote and extend its applications on stimuli-responsive materials and devices.
Authors:T. Tanaka, J. Magoshi, Y. Magoshi, S. ichi Inoue, M. Kobayashi, H. Tsuda, M. Becker, and Sh. Nakamura
The thermal properties of liquid silk from domestic and wild silkworms are investigated. Liquid silks obtained from the silk
gland of the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori and four wild silkworms, Samia cynthia ricini, Dictyoploca japonica, Antheraea
pernyi and Antheraea yamamai were used. The DSC curves for the liquid silk from the domestic silkworm have weak endothermic
peaks corresponding to the breaking of hydrogen bonds in the β-form or to the untangling of physical network. The DSC curves
for the wild silkworm silks, however, show clear exothermic peaks corresponding to a phase transition from the α-helix conformation
to the β-form. Liquid silk from all the different silkworms undergoes a characteristic irreversible phase transition.
Authors:Baolian Ni, Liting Yang, Chengshuang Wang, Linyun Wang, and David Finlow
Waterborne polyurethane coatings were prepared by a polyaddition reaction using toluene diisocyanate (TDI), 2,2-di(hydroxy-methyl)
propionic acid, soy-based polyols with different hydroxyl values, plus 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) as chain termination
agent, triethylamine as neutralization agent, and DBTDL as catalyst. Six soybean oil-based polyols were used in this study
with hydroxyl values of 100, 115, 128, 140, 155, and 164 mg KOH g−1, respectively. The molar ratio of polyol hydroxyl to DMPA was varied from 1.6 to 2.6. The storage stability of the waterborne
polyurethane coatings was greater than 6 months. The thermal properties of the coating films were investigated by TG and DCS.
The results show that the soy-based polyurethane films decomposed in three stages. The glass transition temperatures, Tg, of the soy-based polyurethane films increased with the hydroxyl number of the soy-based polyol.
Authors:H. Kim, S. Choi, B. Lee, S. Kim, C. Cho, and D. Cho
In this study, the thermal properties of bio-flour-filled, polypropylene (PP) bio-composites with different pozzolan contents
were investigated. With increasing pozzolan content, the thermal stability, 5% mass loss temperature and derivative thermogravimetric
curve (DTGmax) temperatures of the bio-composites slightly increased. The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and thermal expansion
of the bio-composites decreased as the pozzolan content increased. The glass transition temperature (Tg), melting temperature (Tm) and percentage of crystallinity (Xc) of the bio-composites were not significantly changed. The thermal stability, thermal expansion and Xc of the maleic anhydride-grafted PP (MAPP)-treated bio-composites were much higher than those of non-treated bio-composites
at 1% pozzolan content due to enhanced interfacial adhesion. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the crystallinity
of pozzolan-added bio-composites. From these results, we concluded that the addition of pozzolan in the bio-composites was
an effective method for enhancing the thermal stability and thermal expansion.
In order to study the thermal properties of new type environment-friendly binary hydrate for cold storage in air-conditioning
system, tests have been carried out by DSC comprehensively on the phase-change temperature and fusion heat of TBAB hydrate,
THF hydrate, and TBAB–THF hydrate mixture. The results show a good trend that TBAB–THF hydrate has the superiority for more
proper phase-change temperature and increased fusion heat. A broader and more developed view is that adding appropriate amount
of hydrate with lower phase-change temperature to hydrate with higher one can make the hydrate mixture more suitable for cold
storage (especially for 278–281 K); some hydrates with lower phase-change temperature can even make the fusion heat of mixture
hydrate increased greatly. Several new environmental working pairs for binary gas hydrates have been listed to help to promote