Authors:V. Sidorchuk, V. Tertykh, V. Klimenko, and A. Ragulya
Embedding of barium titanate into porous oxide matrices via sol–gel synthesis and introduction in structured slurry based
on fumed oxides has been carried out. Prepared compositions have been studied using XRD, DTA-TG, FTIR, TEM, and adsorption
of nitrogen. It has been established that simultaneous formation both barium titanate crystal structure and porous structure
of matrices occurs. Crystallites of barium titanate, which arise in pores, possess lesser size in comparison with that for
Authors:T. Hashizume, A. Yokota, A. Saiki, and K. Terayama
Potassium tantalate was formed to pyrochlore structures on the tantalum substrate by hydrothermal or electrochemical method.
In synthesizing process of potassium tantalate, a crystal structure of the substrate surface seemed to be an important factor.
Potassium tantalate was synthesized with a simple equipment only, low temperature of 323 K or over, low concentration of 2–4
mol per liter potassium hydroxide aqueous solution and short time.
Authors:M. Batista, M. Ginani, D. Melo, and A. Oliveira
ZnS(1-x)MSx(x=0.01 and M=Mn2+, Cu2+ and Eu2+) compounds have been obtained by precipitation from homogeneous solutions of zinc, copper, manganese and europium salts,
with S2- as the precipitating anion, formed by the decomposition of thioacetamide. The thermal study of the milled zinc acetate, thioacetamide,
copper acetate, manganese acetate and europium nitrate, respectively, was studied for thermal analyis TG/DSC. XRD respect
exhibits a zinc blend crystal structure.
Thermal decomposition of borax has been researched by thermal, XRD and FTIR methods as well as SEM microscopy. Study have
revealed that it proceeds according to the mechanism of internal reactions in the structure of the precursor as a medium.
The following stages of the process have been distinguished: (1) dehydration, (2) internal structure reconstitution—formation
of tincalconite, (3) amorphization of crystal structure, (4) gradual dehydroxylation and crystallization of Na2O2B2O3 inside the amorphous matrix.
The results of theoretical analysis of the properties of crystal structure and bonding in relation to thermal decomposition
process in chosen anhydrous metal oxalates (Cd, Co, Zn) are presented. The methods used in this analysis — the Bader’s quantum
theory of atoms in molecules and bond order model (as defined by Cioslowski and Mixon), applied to topological properties
of the electron density, obtained from DFT calculations performed by Wien2k package (full potential linearized augmented plane
wave method), as well as Brown’s bond valence model (bonds valences and strengths, and bond and crystal strains, calculated
from crystal structure and bonds lengths data) are described.
Presented results allow us to state, that these methods, when used simultaneously, make possible the description and analysis
of the crystal structure and bonding properties and give us the additional insight into its behavior during thermal decomposition
process. The proposed theoretical approach can be considered as promising and reliable tool for theoretical analysis, allowing
explanation and prediction of the properties of the structure and bonding and hence the most probable way of thermal decomposition
process to take place in such structure.
Sol-gel-derived titania films were analyzed by temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques.
The relationship between the TPD curves measured for two types of titania gel films and their crystal structures was investigated.
On the basis of the analyses, a preparation process for a titania sol solution containing anatase nanocrystals was designed
and developed. Using this process, a colloidal anatase titania sol solution was prepared by heating aqueous titanium hydroxide
containing HCl at 60�C for 2 h. The nanocrystal structure of the titania films obtained by coating the sol on glass substrates
was confirmed by TPD and XRD measurements.
A scientometric analysis of the publications and of the information flow on all phosphides shows that: the bulk of the publications on semiconducting phosphides relates to gallium phosphide. For non-semiconducting phosphides, most of the articles are connected with phosphides of transition metals. The bulk of the studies feature crystal structure, phase equilibria, diagrams of state and electrophysical and magnetic properties. Most of the articles on phosphides are published in English (53,4%) and in Russian (24.4%). There is a tendency for research to be carried out by groups of researchers of two, three, four or more persons. The present sceintometric analysis helps establish the trend of investigations on phosphides.
Authors:M. Vasilchenko, T. Shakhtshneider, D. Naumov, and V. Boldyrev
Topochemistry of the initial stages of evaporation and dissolution of monoclinic single crystals of paracetamol and phenacetin was studied. Thermal treatment of these crystals showed that the morphology of etch pits depicts the symmetry of etched planes. The shapes of pits formed during chemical etching of the cleavage plane of a paracetamol crystal by different etchants were not similar to each other. The chemical etching of the cleavage plane of a phenacetin crystal resulted in the formation of pits stretched along the same direction, independently of the chosen solvent. An interpretation of this result is suggested, based on the analysis of the anisotropy of the crystal structure and presence of steric hindrance.
Authors:M. Ganzerli-Valentini, S. Meloni, V. Caramella-Crespi, and P. Borroni
The adsorption of about 50 ions on molybdenum dibromide, (Mo6Br8)Br4·2H2O, in nitric acid was investigated. The preparation of the adsorber and its characterization is presented and discussed. Adsorption
mechanism studies were carried out for some noble metals and chromium. Sorption cannot be ascribed to ion exchange mechanism
but to formation of insoluble species, and to settlement of few ions into surface sorption sites or into a limited number
of cavities in the cluster crystal structure of the adsorber.
Authors:K. Yamanaka, Y. Nishiwaki, K. Iio, T. Kato, T. Mitsui, T. Tojo, and T. Atake
The complex phase transitions involving dielectricity and magnetism on distorted triangular lattice antiferromagnets, "KNiCl3-family" crystals, which have the crystal structures derived from the prototype CsNiCl3, were studied through the heat capacity measurements. These crystals are classified into characteristic three groups from
the viewpoint of magnetic and structural properties clarified so far. The results of the dielectric constant measurement as
a function of temperature are also presented in detail. The present calorimetric study reveaed that the structural successive
phase transitions rather than the magnetic transitions in these crystals are recognized more distinctly as the presence of
specific heat anomalies at the respective phase transition points.