Mathematics research in India, as reflected by papers indexed inMathsci 1988–1998, is quantified and mapped. Statistics, quantum theory and general topology are the three subfields contributing
the most to India's output in mathematics research, followed by special functions, economics and operations research, and
relativity and gravitational theory. Indian Statistical Institute and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research are the two leading
publishers of research papers. Unlike in many other fields, Calcutta publishes the largest number of papers in mathematics,
followed by Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Bangalore. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Delhi are the
leading states. Researchers from 257 institutions spread over 134 cities/towns have published 17,308 papers in the 11 years.
About 92% of these papers have appeared in 877 journals published from 62 countries. Journals published in the USA, UK and
the Netherlands are popular with Indian mathematicians. Of the 36 journals that have published at least a hundred papers,
20 are Indian journals of which only two are indexed in Journal Citation Reports. In all, about 38.5% of papers have been published in Indian journals, as against about 70% in agriculture, 55% in life sciences,
33.5% in medicine and 20% in physics. In the later years, there has been a moderate shift to non-Indian journals. Close to
78% of papers have come from universities and colleges and 13% from the institutions under science related departments. Almost
all papers in high impact journals are physics related and most of them have come from institutions under the Department of
Atomic Energy. Over 15% of the 9760 papers published during 1993–1998 are internationally coauthored. In all of science, as
seen from Science Citation Index, 14% of Indian papers were internationally coauthored in 1991 and 17.6% in 1998. The USA, Canada, and Germany are the important
collaborating nations, followed by France, Italy, Japan and the UK.
The contribution of Turkish researchers to positive sciences is increasing. Turkish scientists published more than 5100 articles in 1998 in scientific journals indexed by the Institute for Scientific Information's Science Citation Index, which elevated Turkey to the 25th place in the world rankings in terms of total contribution to science. In this paper, we report the preliminary findings of the bibliometric characteristics (authors and affiliations, medical journals and their impact factors, among others) of a total of 8442 articles published between 1988 and 1997 by scientists affiliated with Turkish institutions and indexed in the MEDLINE database.
In this paper we compare the scientific research in the semiconductor-related field in China with some other major nations
in Asia. It is based on the bibliometric information from SCI-Expanded database during the time period of 1995–2004. We show
that China has been developing fast in semiconductor research, and become the second productive country in Asia as reflected
by the publication profile. The evidences indicate a significant increasing trend in the research efforts and readership among
Asian countries. Similar to the scientists in Japan and South Korea, Chinese scientists were more inclined to work in larger
groups, typically 4 or more authors. The assessment of research quality is further conducted based on citation-based measures.
As benchmarks, two western countries, namely USA and Germany, have been compared in the citation analysis. It is revealed
that the impacts of research outputs in the Asian countries, except for Japan, have been badly incommensurate with their devoted
research efforts compared with USA and Germany. Like most of other Asian countries the research results of Chinese scientists
in semiconductor have a low international visibility despite their strong research efforts and increasingly large domestic
readership. The application of Leimkuhler curve illustrates vividly the inequality of citation times among the compared countries.
Furthermore, the Gini Indices of each country and each pair of countries are calculated which illustrates again the inequality
of informetric productivities.
This study analyzed 2443 papers published in 2006 by European Union authors on pain-related research. Five EU countries (the
UK, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and France) each published > 200 papers while three countries (Cyprus, Malta and Estonia)
published none; socio-economic indicators were related to each country’s productivity. The 2443 papers were published in 592
journals and Cephalalgia, Pain and European Journal of Pain were the most prolific. Publications were also analyzed for intra- versus inter-EU/non-EU collaborations and subdisciplines
profiles in Clinical Medicine and the Life Sciences for the World, USA, EU and the top-four EU countries were compared.
Most studies of scholarly influence within disciplines using citation data do not investigate the extent of an individual’s
influence; does it extend over a number of years with a sequence of publications or is it confined to a short period and a
small number of publications? Using bibliographic data from a series of quadrennial reports into developments in UK geography,
this paper finds that few authors are cited on more than one occasion.
Applied and basic approaches to scientific inquiry were compared through a bibliometric analysis of two Canadian journals in plant biology. No differences were found between the journals in the distribution of citations across different sections of research articles (that is, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion). Moreover, no contrasts were found in the frequency of multiple authorships or in the age distribution of cited works. However, the journals differed significantly on three other bibliometric measures: author affiliation, number of references per article, and publication format of cited works.