Authors:K. Nomura, K. Tokumistu, T. Hayakawa, and Z. Homonnay
Perovskite oxides of composition (Sr1-xCax)(Fe0.5Co0.5)O3- were investigated for CO2 absorption properties and were proved to be useful as materials for CO2 absorption in the temperature range from 550 to 850 °C. The absorption rate of CO2 increased with Ca doping. The mechanical treatment of perovskite oxides for several minutes, especially for the oxides containing a small amount of Ca, was found to be effective for activating the oxides for CO2 absorption and for reducing the starting temperature of CO2 absorption by about 80 °C. However, it was not less effective to treat the oxides for a long time. The site distortion due to Sr and Ca ions at site A and the mixed valence states at site B were confirmed to be effective for CO2 absorption at high temperatures. During the absorption of CO2, a spinel compound was formed according to the following reaction: 2(Sr,Ca)(Fe,Co)O2.5 + CO2
(Sr,Ca)CO3 + (Sr,Ca)(Fe,Co)2O4.
Authors:Traian Florin Marinca, Ionel Chicinaş, and Olivier Isnard
The spinel ferrites, MeFe 2 O 4 (where Me is a metallic element or a group of metallic elements), are from decades in the centre of many researches all over the world due to the different and interesting
Authors:Marcela Stoia, Paul Barvinschi, Lucian Barbu Tudoran, Mirela Barbu, and Mircea Stefanescu
Development of spinel ferrite nanoparticles has been intensively pursued because of their technological and fundamental scientific importance. Ferrites have received great attention as a result of their magnetic
Authors:A. P. Surzhikov, A. M. Pritulov, E. N. Lysenko, A. N. Sokolovskii, V. A. Vlasov, and E. A. Vasendina
–zinc ferrite phases with x Zn = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8 was included in the program of full-profile analysis. The given set reflected quasi-continuous distribution of Li 0.5(1– x ) Zn x Fe 2.5–0.5 x O 4 type spinel phases that could be formed in different
Authors:A. A. Said, E. A. Hassan, K. M. Abd El-Salaam, and M. M. Mohamed
Thermal decomposition of pure basic zinc carbonate (BZC) and doped or mixed with iron ions were studied using TG, DTA and kinetics of isothermal decomposition. The TG and DTA investigations revealed that, the presence of iron ions retards the decomposition processes of (BZC). Also, the retardation effect increases on increasing of iron concentration up to 50 at.%. The curves of isothermal decomposition show the usual sigmoidal character. The decomposition velocity contsant (K) values are plotted vs. 1/T according to Arrhenius equation gave a plot of good straight lines with activation energies of 43.7, 48.2, 53.2 and 57.1 kJ mol−1 for pure (BZC) and incorporated with 1, 10, 30 and 50 at.% Fe2+ respectively. The products of the thermal decomposition of pure BZC and mixed with iron ions are characterized using X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, surface area determination and the surface porosity. These investigations showed that iron ions are effectively incorporated into zinc oxide lattice in the range of 30–50 at.%, which gave a ZnFe2O4 spinel.
Authors:Lucjan Chmielarz, Małgorzata Rutkowska, Piotr Kuśtrowski, Marek Drozdek, Zofia Piwowarska, Barbara Dudek, Roman Dziembaj, and Marek Michalik
high surface mixed metal oxides, with a high dispersion of introduced transition metals oxide species [ 2 – 6 ]. An increase in the calcination temperature results in the aggregation of these species and formation of the spinel phases [ 2 – 6
Starting from oxalate mixed crystals NixMn3−x(C2O4)3·6H2O thermal decomposition at reduced oxygen partial pressure (po2= 2%) leads to the formation of NiMn2O4 (x = 1) at metastable conditions. Ni1.5Mn1.5O4 (x = 1.5) existing in the metastable state only has been also prepared. The spinel compounds both are of the highly inversed type. Following a sol-gel preparation route Mg2TiO4 has been also found to be formed in the metastable state. Annealing results in decomposition of the compounds providing NiMnO3 and 1/2α-Mn2O3 or NiMnO3 only or MgTiO3 and MgO, respectively. The reaction rates observed are lower for NiMn2O4 and Ni1.5Mn1.5O4 than for Mg2TiO4 decomposition. The reverse reaction of NiMn2O4 formation above 730°C shows an endothermic enthalpy of +61 kJ·mol−1. For Mg2TiO4 formation above 1050°C an endothermic enthalpy of +19.3 kJ·mol−1 is found. The results are discussed in terms of structural features of the oxides.
The morphology of kaolinite thermally processed to 1600° in a thermoanalyzer was studied and related to DTA/TG/DTG data. The results show that DTA/TG/DTG data refined with scanning electron microscopic information offers insight into some of the controversies concerning the kaolinite-mullite transformation. In particular, the study supports the hypothesis that a spinel phase forms in the 950–1000° region. Further, the study shows that during dehyroxylation in the 450–700° region, water escapes by a process opposite to that generally supposed.
Authors:A. P. Surzhikov, T. S. Frangulyan, S. A. Ghyngazov, and E. N. Lysenko
Lithium pentaferrite (LPF) (LiFe 5 O 8 or Li 0.5 Fe 2.5 O 4 ) is the simplest basic material for a variety of chemical compositions of lithium ferrospinels. LPF has the structure of inverted spinel. Its crystal
Authors:A. P. Surzhikov, E. N. Lysenko, E. A. Vasendina, A. N. Sokolovskii, V. A. Vlasov, and A. M. Pritulov
lithium–zinc ferrites under conditions of heating the reaction mixtures by a pulsed beam of accelerated electrons. In order to reveal the radiation effects, the lithium–zinc ferrite spinel was synthesized from the same stock reagents by the conventional