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The thermal behaviour of the square-planar dithiocarbazate derivative complexes Pt[NRNC(S)SR']2 (R=n-hexyl, R′ = methyl or benzyl) has been investigated.

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Abstract  

Thermal behaviour and structure of glasses from the SiO2–P2O5–K2O–MgO–CaO system modified by Fe2O3 addition were studied by DSC, XRD and FTIR methods. It has been found that the replacement of MgO and CaO modifiers by Fe2O3 in the structural network of silicate–phosphate glass results in decrease of the glass transition temperature (T g) and heat capacity change (ΔC p) accompanying the glass transformation. Simultaneously, the ability for crystallization, its course and the type of the forming phases depend on the relative proportions between iron and phosphorus as components forming the silicate–phosphate structure. The type of the crystal phases forming in the course of heating the considered glass has been found to be in agreement with the character of the domains occurring in this glass, confirmed by FTIR examinations.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: V. Sargentelli, A. Mauro, A. de Godoy Netto, M. Mattioli, V. Nogueira, and V. De Lucca Neto

Abstract  

Pseudohalide complexes of copper(II) with aliphatic bidentate amines, [Cu(N3)2(N,N-diEten)]2 1, [Cu(NCO)2(N,N-diEten)]2 2, [Cu(NCO)2(N,N-diMeen)]2 3, [Cu(N3)(NCS)(N,N'-diMeen)]2 4 and [Cu(N3)(NCO)(N,N-diMeen)]2 5 (N,N-diEten=N,N-diethylethylenediamine; N,N-diMeen=N,N- dimethyl-ethylenediamine and N,N'-diMeen = N,N'-dimethylethylenediamine), were prepared, characterized and their thermal behavior was investigated by TG curves. According to thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction patterns all compounds decomposed giving copper(II) oxide as final product. The mechanisms of decomposition were proposed and an order of thermal stability was established.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: F. Kovanda, V. Balek, V. Dorničák, P. Martinec, M. Mašláň, L. Bílková, D. Koloušek, and I. Bountseva

Abstract  

Thermal behaviour of synthetic pyroaurite-like anionic clay with molar ratio Mg/Fe=2 was studied in the range of 60-1100C during heating in air. TG/DTA coupled with evolved gas analysis, emanation thermal analysis (ETA), surface area measurements, XRD, IR and Mssbauer spectroscopy were used. Microstructure changes characterized by ETA were in a good agreement with the results of surface area measurements and other methods. After the thermal decomposition of the pyroaurite-like anionic clay, which took place mainly up to 400C, a predominantly amorphous mixture of oxides is formed. A gradual crystallization of MgO (periclase) and Fe2O3 (maghemite) was observed at 400-700C by XRD. The MgFe2O4 spinel and periclase were detected at 800-1100C. The spinel formation was also confirmed by Mssbauer spectroscopy.

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The thermal behavior of five free anthraquinones (chrysophanol, emodin, physcion, aloe-emodin, and rhein) from rhubarb had been investigated using TG, DTG and DTA technique. The results show that all the free anthraquinones have the similar TG and DTG curve shapes, however, due to the substituted groups attached on the skeleton of 1,8-dihydroxy anthraquinone are different, every anthraquinone has different mass loss features. Moreover, all the DTA curves of these free anthraquinones have two obviously characteristic peaks, but with special curvilinear types, peak location and peak values. Therefore, thermal analysis (TA) characteristics of anthraquinones above mentioned could be established, and it is possible to easily distinguish these anthraquinones by using TA technique.

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Abstract  

A series of new complexes with mixed ligands of the type [ML(C3H3O2)2nH2O (((1) M=Mn, n=1; (2) M=Co(II), n=2; (3) M=Ni(II), n=4; (4) M=Cu(II), n=1.5; (5) M=Zn(II), n=0; L=3-amino-1,2,4-triazole and (C3H3O2)=acrylate anion) were synthesized and characterised by chemical analysis and IR data. In all complexes the 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole acts as bridge while the acrylate acts as bidentate ligand except for complex (5) where it is found as unidentate. The thermal behaviour steps were investigated in nitrogen flow. The thermal transformations are complex processes according to TG and DTG curves including dehydration, acrylate ion and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole degradation respectively. The final products of decomposition are the most stable metal oxides, except for complex (4) that leads to metallic copper.

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Abstract  

Urea–formaldehyde (UF) and phenol–formaldehyde (PF) resins are the most widely used wood adhesives. The first stage in resin manufacturing is the formation of methylol derivatives which polycondensation leads to building the tridimensional network. Understanding the behaviour of methylol compounds in curing provides useful information for developing appropriate resin structures. Thermal behaviour of N,N′-dihydroxymethylurea, 2- and 4-hydroxymethylphenols, urea and phenol as model compounds for UF, PF and phenol–urea–formaldehyde (PUF) resins was followed by TG-DTA method. The measurements were carried out by the labsys instrument Setaram at 30–450 °C in nitrogen flow. The characteristic signals for model compounds and for some reaction mixtures were measured by high resolution 13C NMR spectroscopy.

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Abstract  

Thermal behaviour of the glass series (100–y)[0.5ZnO0.1B2O30.4P2O5]yTiO2 (with y=0–39 mol% TiO2) was investigated by DSC and TMA. The addition of TiO2 results in a non-linear increase of glass transition temperature. The compositional dependences of thermal stability, evaluated by two criteria exhibit two maxima for the glasses doped with 10.7 and 35.9 mol% TiO2. All the glasses crystallize on heating in the temperature range of 576–670C. The crystallization mechanism was studied at the glasses with 19.4 and 35.9 mol% TiO2 and the results showed that surface nucleation mechanism prevails in these glasses over the internal one.

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Abstract  

Soaps are a class of surface active compounds derived from natural oils and fats. Double decomposition reactions permit the synthesis of metallic soaps, which are long-chain carboxylates of metal ions, from alkaline ones such as sodium, potassium or ammonium soaps. Metallic soaps are commercially important as they find use in diverse applications such as driers in paints or inks, components of lubricating greases, heat stabilizers for plastics (especially PVC), catalysts and water proofing agents, fuel additives and cosmetic products amongst others. Many of these applications are related to the thermal properties of these compounds and the thermal behaviour of metal soaps in terms of decomposition processes is of great importance. Rubber seed oil (RSO) which is an unsaturated triglyceride abundantly available in Nigeria, India and Australia is an excellent starting material for metal soaps. In this study rubber seed oil having 2.2% myristic acid, 7.6% palmitic acid, 10.7% stearic acid, 20.61% oleic acid, 36.62% linoleic acid, 22.5% linolenic acid was used in making barium, calcium, cadmium and zinc soaps. The thermal behaviour of soaps (Ba, Ca, Cd and Zn) of rubber seed oil for use as additives in the processing of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) was investigated by thermal gravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry. The stability of the soaps was examined by thermogravimetry up to 873 K at a constant heating rate of 10 °C min−1. The soaps were found to be thermally stable up to 473 K as they recorded less than 5% mass loss at this temperature with values of apparent activation energy for decomposition varying from 52 to 96 kJ mol−1. Differential scanning calorimetric studies of the soaps revealed melting and decomposition behaviour of metal soaps.

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]. N -2,4-dinitrophenyl-3,3-dinitroazetidine (DNPDNAZ) is a novel insensitive high-energy explosive. Presently, there are no reports about the thermal and detonation characterizations of DNPDNAZ. In the present study, thermal behavior, non

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