Authors:Federico Cavanna, Carla Pallavicini, Virginia Milano, Juan Cuiule, Rocco Di Tella, Pablo González, and Enzo Tagliazucchi
/trait anxiety, negative affect) and with higher scores of dimensions linked to well-being and resilience (mainly positive affect, autonomy, social ties, and well-being); conversely, other drugs (including prescription drugs, caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, and
content that reached 5%–7%. Only later did attention focus on the large seeds, which contain the active ingredients theobromine, caffeine, and theophylline ( Powis, Valdez, Hester, Hurst, & Tarka, 2002 ).
Regarding the place of origin of the
Authors:Annamária Krajníková, Katarína Győryová, Daniela Hudecová, Jana Kovářová, and Zuzana Vargová
zinc(II) benzoate complexes with urea and caffeine starts with the release of organic ligand, which is followed by the release of carbon dioxide and diphenylketone. Carboxylato- and halogenocarboxylatozinc(II) complexes inhibited photosynthetic electron
Authors:K Aloui, S Abedelmalek, H Chtourou, DP Wong, N Boussetta, and N Souissi
:00 h) ( 2 ). Subjects were non-smokers and did not consume nutritional supplements, caffeine, drugs, or alcoholic beverages. In addition, subjects suffering from diabetes mellitus, obesity, cardiovascular, pulmonary, or renal disorders were excluded
Authors:Dzsenifer Németh, Gábor Balázs, Zsanett Bodor, John-Lewis Zinia Zaukuu, Zoltán Kovács, and Noémi Kappel
). Among others, antioxidant capacity, sugar, carotine, vitamin C, caffeine, and water content of different food products can be measured with NIRS ( Huck et al., 2005; Szegedi et al., 2011; Magzawa et al., 2013 ). NIRS requires a small sample size and is
Authors:Barna Konkolÿ Thege, David C. Hodgins, and T. Cameron Wild
( 1995 ) examined co-occurrences among 16 excessive behaviors in a clinical sample. The authors identified a “nurturance” factor (e.g., excessive eating, shopping, exercise, work, or caffeine use) and a “hedonism” factor (e.g., use of alcohol, nicotine
Authors:Elfrid Krossbakken, Ståle Pallesen, Helge Molde, Rune Aune Mentzoni, and Turi Reiten Finserås
Griffiths , R. R.
( 2004 ). A critical review of caffeine withdrawal: Empirical validation of symptoms and signs, incidence, severity, and associated features . Psychopharmacology, 176 ( 1 ), 1 – 29 . doi: 10.1007/s00213-004-2000-x 10.1007/s