Különböző endokrin daganatok együttes jelentkezése esetén endokrintumor-szindrómák irányába történő szűrővizsgálatok szükségesek. A szerzők az indexbeteg kivizsgálása során multiplex endokrinneoplasia-szindróma 1-es típusát igazolták (mellékpajzsmirigy-adenoma, hypophysisadenoma, thymus neuroendokrin carcinoma, pancreas neuroendokrin tumor, mellékvese-adenoma). A betegség hátterében álló génmutáció igazolását követően a családtagok szűrését is elvégezték. Az indexbeteg fiában pancreas neuroendokrin tumort (insulinoma) és mellékpajzsmirigy-adenomát mutattak ki, két leánygyermeke közül az egyik klinikailag tünetmentes mutációhordozó volt. A szerzők áttekintést adnak a multiplex endokrin szindróma 1-es típusának genetikai hátteréről, a menin fehérje többrétű szerepéről és a mutációszűrés jelentőségéről. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154(51), 2037–2042.
Momen, F. M., Reda, A. S. and Amer, S. A. A. (1997): Effect of Neem Azal-F on Tetranychus urticae and three predacious mites of the family phythoseiidae. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 32 (3-4), 355
This paper examines the extent of the 'home advantage' effect in the USPTO and the EPO patent data and in the OECD triadic
patent families. By comparing a set of internationalisation indicators for a sample of European, US and Japanese MNEs it finds
that, contrary to what is often assumed, this effect is not only present in the USPTO but also in the EPO. OECD triadic patent
data, instead, are not biased towards any particular home country. It also finds that, because MNEs do not systematically
file their patents with the EPO, the USPTO and the JPO, the OECD triadic patent family dataset excludes many patents, especially
those invented in the US and accounted for in the USPTO, though it is mainly only low-value patents that are excluded. Thus
OECD triadic patents can be considered a satisfactory alternative to the USPTO and the EPO for measuring R&D internationalisation.
Authors:S. Y. Kondratyuk, L. Lőkös, M.-H. Jeong, S.-O. Oh, A. S. Kondratiuk, and J.-S. Hur
, Westberg et al. 2007, Yakovchenko et al. 2016, 2017). However, since 2007 (Westberg et al. 2007), all genera hitherto known for Candelariaceae were not included in the phylogenetic analysis. The family Candelariaceae Hakul. (type genus Candelaria A
Authors:S. Raveendar, G.A. Lee, K.J. Lee, M.J. Shin, J.R. Lee, S.Y. Lee, G.T. Cho, K.H. Ma, and J.W. Chung
The complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequence of Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.), an important grain and forage crop in the family Poaceae, is reported in this study. The complete cp genome sequence of P. glaucum is 138,172 bp in length with 38.6% overall GC content and exhibits a typical quadripartite structure comprising one pair of inverted repeat (IR) regions (22,275 bp) separated by a small single-copy (SSC) region (12,409 bp) and a large single-copy (LSC) region (81,213). The P. glaucum cp genome encodes 110 unique genes, 76 of which are protein-coding genes, 4 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 30 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and 18 duplicated genes in the IR region. Nine genes contain one or two introns. Whole genome alignments of cp genome were performed for genome-wide comparison. Locally collinear blocks (LCBs) identified among the cp genomes showed that they were well conserved with respect to gene organization and order. This newly determined cp genome sequence of P. glaucum will provide valuable information for the future breeding programs of valuable cereal crops in the family Poaceae.
The present article offers new evidence on the Unger playing-card making family of Győr, Western Transdanubia, as the result of a cross-disciplinary study. Mátyás Unger the Elder (1789–1862) and his like-named son Mátyás the Younger (1824–1878) produced various types of playing-cards from the early to mid-19th century. In particular, their cards, their iconography, design and production process will be analysed. The family is best known for their cards with Sopron (Oedenburg) pattern. Also discussed will be the role of Mátyás the Elder’s second eldest son Alajos Unger as a possible designer of the later Unger cards, which were of considerably higher quality than the earlier known ones by Mátyás Unger the Elder. The hitherto little-known Alajos Unger was trained as a draughtsman and painter first at the National Drawing School of his hometown and then, between 1833 and 1842, at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, particularly under Leopold Kupelwieser (1796–1862). Finally an innovative outside-in bottom-up method for gaining further, reliable insight into 19th century artisanal playing-card manufacturing will be proposed to determine the size, output and profitability of the Unger workshop based on material-flow simulation.
A review of Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective edited by Catherine A. Salmon and Todd K. Shackelford. Oxford University Press (2007), 376 pages, £29.99 ($49.95), ISBN: 0195320514 (hardback)
A review of Mothers and Others: the Evolutionary Origins of Mutual Understanding, by Sarah Hrdy, the Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (2009), 432 pages, £19.95 ($29.95), ISBN: 0674032993 (hardback)