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. Momen, F. M., Reda, A. S. and Amer, S. A. A. (1997): Effect of Neem Azal-F on Tetranychus urticae and three predacious mites of the family phythoseiidae. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 32 (3-4), 355

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This paper examines the extent of the 'home advantage' effect in the USPTO and the EPO patent data and in the OECD triadic patent families. By comparing a set of internationalisation indicators for a sample of European, US and Japanese MNEs it finds that, contrary to what is often assumed, this effect is not only present in the USPTO but also in the EPO. OECD triadic patent data, instead, are not biased towards any particular home country. It also finds that, because MNEs do not systematically file their patents with the EPO, the USPTO and the JPO, the OECD triadic patent family dataset excludes many patents, especially those invented in the US and accounted for in the USPTO, though it is mainly only low-value patents that are excluded. Thus OECD triadic patents can be considered a satisfactory alternative to the USPTO and the EPO for measuring R&D internationalisation.

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Acta Botanica Hungarica
Authors: S. Y. Kondratyuk, L. Lőkös, M.-H. Jeong, S.-O. Oh, A. S. Kondratiuk, and J.-S. Hur

, Westberg et al. 2007, Yakovchenko et al. 2016, 2017). However, since 2007 (Westberg et al. 2007), all genera hitherto known for Candelariaceae were not included in the phylogenetic analysis. The family Candelariaceae Hakul. (type genus Candelaria A

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The complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequence of Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.), an important grain and forage crop in the family Poaceae, is reported in this study. The complete cp genome sequence of P. glaucum is 138,172 bp in length with 38.6% overall GC content and exhibits a typical quadripartite structure comprising one pair of inverted repeat (IR) regions (22,275 bp) separated by a small single-copy (SSC) region (12,409 bp) and a large single-copy (LSC) region (81,213). The P. glaucum cp genome encodes 110 unique genes, 76 of which are protein-coding genes, 4 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 30 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and 18 duplicated genes in the IR region. Nine genes contain one or two introns. Whole genome alignments of cp genome were performed for genome-wide comparison. Locally collinear blocks (LCBs) identified among the cp genomes showed that they were well conserved with respect to gene organization and order. This newly determined cp genome sequence of P. glaucum will provide valuable information for the future breeding programs of valuable cereal crops in the family Poaceae.

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The present article offers new evidence on the Unger playing-card making family of Győr, Western Transdanubia, as the result of a cross-disciplinary study. Mátyás Unger the Elder (1789–1862) and his like-named son Mátyás the Younger (1824–1878) produced various types of playing-cards from the early to mid-19th century. In particular, their cards, their iconography, design and production process will be analysed. The family is best known for their cards with Sopron (Oedenburg) pattern. Also discussed will be the role of Mátyás the Elder’s second eldest son Alajos Unger as a possible designer of the later Unger cards, which were of considerably higher quality than the earlier known ones by Mátyás Unger the Elder. The hitherto little-known Alajos Unger was trained as a draughtsman and painter first at the National Drawing School of his hometown and then, between 1833 and 1842, at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, particularly under Leopold Kupelwieser (1796–1862). Finally an innovative outside-in bottom-up method for gaining further, reliable insight into 19th century artisanal playing-card manufacturing will be proposed to determine the size, output and profitability of the Unger workshop based on material-flow simulation.

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Negotiating family ties

A review of Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective edited by Catherine A. Salmon and Todd K. Shackelford. Oxford University Press (2007), 376 pages, £29.99 ($49.95), ISBN: 0195320514 (hardback)

Journal of Evolutionary Psychology
Author: Alexandra Alvergne
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We are family

A review of Mothers and Others: the Evolutionary Origins of Mutual Understanding, by Sarah Hrdy, the Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (2009), 432 pages, £19.95 ($29.95), ISBN: 0674032993 (hardback)

Journal of Evolutionary Psychology
Author: Rebecca Sear
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The occurrence of virus of the family Luteoviridae on maize and annual grasses was studied in the south region of the Czech Republic during three years. On maize and annual weed grasses no BYDV-MAV and CYDV-RPV pathogens were found in test samples. Out of 246 maize samples taken, BYDV-PAV was found in 50 of them. The occurrence of this pathogen on maize varied with the locality and the year of sampling. In the test annual weed grasses BYDV-PAV was found in Echinochloa crus-galii, Setaria pumila and Phalaris canariensis plants. The occurrence of this pathogen was also dependent on the locality and the year of sampling. This pathogen was not found in Setaria viridis .The present results suggest that maize and some species of annual weed grasses in the territory of southern Moravia may serve as a major source of BYDV-PAV for winter cereals because these species are a „green bridge“ for this virus species

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Boglárka Vincze, Márta Varga, Orsolya Kutasi, Petra Zenke, Ottó Szenci, Ferenc Baska, Alan Bartels, Sándor Spisák, Sándor Cseh, and Norbert Solymosi

disease differs by country, but EGS can cause high morbidity (10–25%) and high mortality (50–100%) rates within a single herd, resulting in significant economic losses. Until recently, family patterns and pedigree analysis could not be performed as the

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