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Abstract  

The emergence of ideas in economic science is dominated by scientists situated in the US. The brain drain to the US after de Second World War gave economic scientists who stayed behind a chance to obtain a monopoly position in determining the development of economics in their home country. These facts are illustrated by a citations study of economic science in the Netherlands. Especially one man, the Nobel laureate Jan Tinbergen, has left an indelible mark on the way Dutch economic science has developed. The development of Dutch economics shows strong path-dependence.

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Interest in collaboration is increasing in policy circles. There are numerous international and national programs to encourage collaboration, for example, between university and industry researchers. However, little is know about the way in which collaboration changes the impact of a research publication. This paper explores how the impact (average citations per paper) varies with different types of collaboration. A calibrated bibliometric model is derived that demonstrates that collaborating with an author from the home institution or another domestic institution increases the average impact by approximately 0.75 citations while collaborating with an author from a foreign institution increases the impact by about 1.6 citations.

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The kinetics of99mTc-d, 1-HMPAO decomposition is studied using home kits. The results showed that99mTc-d, 1-HMPAO decomposition is a first-order reaction. The decomposition constant k is found to be 0.017±0.007h–1 under the experimental conditions of 20°C, 185MBq/ml, pH 7.0. The stability of99mTc-d, 1-HMPAO is affected not only by pH and radioactive concentration, but also by temperature. Using Immol/l gentisic acid as a stabilizer, 740MBq/ml of99mTc-d, 1-HMPAO can be stabilized for 3h with the radiochemical purity above 80%.

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This study helps alleviate the homelessness problem through the union of design and social entrepreneurship projects. The proposed design exploratory project combines a vending cart and a portable home for the homeless for the Philippines. Additionally, by using local materials and manpower, the resulting project becomes both portable and affordable for the beneficiaries. This exploratory design project is a social entrepreneurship project in collaboration with the School of Architecture and Fine Arts and the School of Business and Economics of the University of San Carlos (Cebu, Philippines).

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A homogeneous TiO2 gel sample was prepared, via sol-gel method, hydrolysing titanium(IV) isopropoxide, previously modified by reaction with formic acid. The amorphous TiO2 gel was characterized using various techniques such as FT-IR, XRD and N2 adsorption analysis. Thermoanalyses (TG, DTA) coupled with gas chromatographic (GC) and mass spectrometric measurements (MS), by means of a home-assembled instrumental interfaces, were performed in order to quantify the organic component still present in the titania gel and its release during pyrolysis. Several chemical species were evolved and detected in gas phase for temperatures up to 350C, before crystallization of TiO2-anatase.

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A procedure has been developed to use the recoiled protons produced in neutron-proton scattering process for fast, nondestructive determination of the hydrogen contents of coal samples. Samples from Hungary, Poland and Russia have been bombarded with 2.85 MeV neutrons from a small home-made neutron generator and the recoiled protons detected by a simple surface barrier detector. To convert proton counts into hydrogen content, a calibration procedure was established for the method using prepared standards of known hydrogen content and range for 2.85 MeV protons. Exploratory results obtained by this method compare favourably with those obtained by the neutron reflection method.

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Since the eighties, apart from the urban homes in Antwerp, there have been virtually no new buildings added to the Open Air Museum of Bokrijk. In 1989 building works on the urban part were stopped. Today, plans to reproduce the sixties and seventies in the urban section have again been taken in hand. We hope to be able to bring back to life the period from 1958–1973 by the beginning of the 2012 season. In this article we will look into how the ideas for reproducing this era in Bokrijk were turned into reality.

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The Burgenländische Landesmuseum has in its collections some “Totengedenkbildchen“, small prints to keep the memory of a deceased person. They had come to the museum by chance. Most of them commemorate soldiers of WW2, only a few were printed after 1945. Collecting attempts in the spring of 2000 showed, that the custom to give away such items continued up to the present, it even seems that it has become more common in the last years. Some very new examples are already home made on PC.

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Decorative stones (32 natural and 18 manufactured) and five ceramic tiles that are used in home interiors were measured with gamma-ray spectrometry, to identify and quantify the naturally occurring radionuclides. Activity concentrations of the radioisotopes varied by more than two orders of magnitude across the stone samples, with maximal levels of 3380, 850, and 2130 Bq/kg, for 238U, 232Th, and 40K, respectively. A radiation index and measurements with a radiation meter established that the annual effective dose rates due to a 1 h/day exposure to gamma rays emitted by the granite samples were often low, but can occur as high as 1 mSv/year.

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Abstract  

Travel literature has long and complex traditions. In the European context, Homer’s Odyssey constitutes the earliest representative masterpiece, followed by countless variations and modifications of the genre in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish literary practice over the centuries, including the realm of music as for example Schubert’s Winterreise and in more recent times the film as Wim Wender’s memorable depictions of the wasteland of capitalism in the American West. Travels in mysterious uncharted terri- tory as powerful metaphors of self-exploration also form an integral part of Australian literary consciousness (e.g. Patrick White’s Voss). Chinese literature also has a long and rich tradition of travel literature with its origins dating back well before its Western counterparts. The travel-motif as determining structural and thematic feature appears in numerous variations ranging from flying shamans, journeys in search of paradise or immortality, dangerous sea-journeys as for example Tang Ao’s miraculous adventures reminiscent of Gulliver’s travels, the life of the vagrant monks and robbers in popular literary works, the journeys of scholars to India in search of the Buddhist Scriptures, Kang Youwei’s utopian journeys to heaven, Mao Zedong’s Long March and his ritualistic crossing of the Yangtze in 1956 and 1966 and symbolic journeys in contemporary Chinese literature. The paper will focus specifically on exemplary works of Chinese literature and identify hallmarks of the genre.

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