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Abstract  

Laboratory experiments were performed on the sorption of cesium on gamma-irradiated silica-titania gel. The detrimental effects of absorbed dose on the affinity of the sorbent towards cesium was discussed. Data obtained from sorption studies were fit into heterogeneity based Freundlich isotherm. The empirical parameters, thus obtained were used to arrive at the site distribution function. The potential of site distribution function in foreseeing, the reusability and long-term residence of radionuclides in the sorbent has been highlighted.

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Abstract  

Five different samples of a new sorbent, modified mesoporous cerium(IV) silicate have been prepared with various mole ratios of Si/Ce and Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMABr) as template. XRD, nitrogen sorption, SEM, IR, thermogravimetry and sorption of radionuclides have been studied. Separation of Hg(II)-Th(IV), Hg(II)-Zr(IV) and Rb(I)-Zr(IV) have been developed on columns of this novel sorbent.

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Abstract  

The correlation between the distribution coefficients of phenols in liquid extraction systems and extractive-chromatographs systems with modified sorbents has been studied in order to investigate the influence of extractant characteristics on the extractive activity of modified sorbent. We have used polysorb C processed with hexyl, heptyl and octyl alcohols, esters, i.e., TBP, triisobytylphosphate and tricresylphosphate, aromatic carbohydrates, i.e., foluene and andoxylene.

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Abstract  

The adsorption of colloidal trivalent iron on neutral, acid and basic Al2O3 from aqueous solution as a function of pH has been studied. The dependence of sorption of pH is characterized by a maximum, whose position depends on the nature of colloidal particles and surface properties of the sorbents. Adsorption isotherms for the given range of sorbent loading can be expressed by the Langmuir adsorption equation.

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. Zhao H-Y , Cao Y , Lineberry Q , Pan W-P . Evaluation of CO 2 adsorption capacity of solid sorbents . J Therm Anal Calorim. 2011 . doi: 10.1007/s10973-011-1481-1 . 10

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Goheen, B. McVeety, T. Clauss, R. Lucke, M. Ligotke, J. Edwards, and J. Fruchter

Abstract  

Organic species from the headspace of one Hanford radioactive waste tank are described. Samples were collected either using a sorbent trap or a SUMMATM canister and were analyzed by gas chromatograph and mass spectrometry. The headspace contained several organic components, including alkanes, alkenes, ketones, aldehydes, organic nitriles, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Sorbent trap samples were designed to collect only normal paraffin hydrocarbons (NPHs). A comparison of NPH data from sorbent traps and SUMMATM cans revealed results of 693 and 1320 mg/m3, NPH respectively. Significant differences were observed in NPH values when samples were collected at different times, or at different locations in the tank. These data suggest either the time of collection, or the position of the sampling device are important variables in the analysis of organic species from Hanford tanks.

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Abstract  

Thermal stability of two-component organosilica sorbents – silico-polymethylsiloxanes with the ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic components of 50:50 and 70:30 mass%, and their forms, modified by copper(II), was investigated using thermal analysis (DTG, DTA, TG). The influence of the composition of modified organosilica sorbents and copper(II) content on the endothermic (removal of adsorbed water) and exothermic (decomposition by oxidation of methyl groups, possible hydration of surface) peak temperatures and on mass loss is shown. It was found that thermal stability of organosilica modified by copper(II) was lower than that of initial sorbents and depends on the content of modifying component and ratio of silanol and methylsilil groups in organosilica composition.

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Abstract  

The effects of pH, ionic strength and concentration on the sorption of Th(IV) on alumina and silica were investigated and the sorption isotherms of Th(IV) on alumina and silica at different pH values were determined. It was found for both sorbents that the absorbability of silica is less than that of alumina. The relative sorption rate of silica is similar to that of alumina. The sorption edges are similar to each other, that the insensitivity of sorption to ionic strength is about the same. These similarities between the sorbents suggest that the speciation of Th(IV) in aqueous solutions plays a significant, but subtle role, in controlling the sorption process, because the charges of both sorbents are distinctly different. The mechanism of Th(IV) sorption on alumina is distinctly different from that of the sorptions of Cs+, Eu3+ and Yb3+ on alumina, and similar to that of the sorption of Co(II) on alumina.

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, acetonitrile, and solid sorbent for BPA extraction. The samples with BPA concentrations <MDL were in glass containers or cans that are void from any BPA lining like tin, gold plated, or steel plating. This indicated also that raw food (before canning

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Abstract  

Preliminary results of experimental testing and comparison of131I separation efficiency from model solutions on ion-exchange resins pretreated in some special ways are presented. Strongly basic and strongly acidic resins were pretreated chemically and used for the separation of radioiodine by means of isotopic-exchange, ion-exchange or chemisorption and their combinations. The sorbents were tested for pI, pH, their stability during storage and selectivity of separation. From the point of view of the efficiency and selectivity of separation the sorbents based on strongly basic resins and with assumed isotopic-exchange mechanism of radioiodine separation appear to be relatively more advantegeous.

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