Authors:Reindert K. Buter, Ed. C. M. Noyons, and Anthony F. J. Van Raan
Ruiz-Baños , R , Bailón-Moreno , R , Jiménez-Contreras , E , Courtial , J 1999 Structure and dynamics of scientific networks. Part I: Fundamentals of the quantitative model of translation . Scientometrics 44 2 217 – 234 10.1007/BF02457381
Authors:Pedro Albarrán, Juan A. Crespo, Ignacio Ortuño, and Javier Ruiz-Castillo
process whereby scientists make references that a few years later will translate into a highly skewed citation distribution crowned in many cases by a power law. Recent contributions using a social network approach by, for example, Dorogovstev and Mendes
. Because numbers of citations are strongly field-dependent and a field-dependent normalization of citation numbers is a prerequisite in bibliometric analysis in order to ‘translate’ citation counts into a meaningful measure of impact (Raan 1999 ), the
near future. Nonetheless, in order to make the comparison with the British system, we translate the AERES grades A+, A, B, C into 4*, 3*, 2*, and 1*.
From the outset, we mention that there are obvious assumptions underlying our analysis and
because references to translated editions of books would have resulted in a biased structure.
In order to map the subfields of sociology in the citation network the bibliographical couplings were clustered. Bibliographical couplings are weighted
shows the number of links from one cluster to another cluster. There are 2,856 inter-cluster links among 18,015 links in the network. Intra-cluster links can be translated as links referring to specialized research issues and inter-cluster links as links