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, J. C., Feillet, P. (1987): Genetic and technological basis of protein quality for durum wheat in pasta. pp. 59–71. In: Pattakon, V. (ed.), Proc. EEC Symp. on Protein Evaluation in Cereals and Legumes . Cereal Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece

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storage protein composition of Italian durum wheat. J. Cereal Sci. 9 :131–138. Pogna N.E. The breadmaking quality and storage protein composition of Italian durum wheat

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Nachit, M.M., Nachit, G., Ketata, H., Gauch, H.G., Zobel, R.W. 1992. Use of AMMI and linear regression models to analyze genotype-environment interaction in durum wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 83 :597–601. Zobel

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Grains of 12 accessions of Triticum timopheevii (Zhuk.) Zhuk. ssp. timopheevii (AAGG, 2n = 4x = 28) and one bread wheat cultivar Chinese Spring (CS) and one durum wheat cultivar Langdon (LDN) grown across two years were analyzed for grain iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) concentrations. All the 12 tested T. timopheevii ssp. timopheevii genotypes showed significantly higher concentration of grain Fe and Zn than CS and LDN. Aboundant genetic variability of both the Fe and Zn concentrations was observed among the T. timopheevii ssp. timopheevii accessions, averagely varied from 47.06 to 90.26 mg kg−1 and from 30.05 to 65.91 mg kg−1, respectively. Their grain Fe and Zn concentrations between years exhibited a significantly positive correlation with the correlation coefficients r = 0.895 and r = 0.891, respectively, indicating the highly genetic stability. Flag leaf possessed twice or three times higher concentrations for both Fe and Zn than grain, and a significantly high positive correlation appeared between the two organs with r = 0.648 for Fe and r = 0.957 for Zn concentrations, respectively, suggesting flag leaves might be indirectly used for evaluating grain Zn and Fe contents. Significant correlations occurred between grain Fe and Zn concentrations, and between grain Zn concentration and the two agronomic traits of plant height and number of spikelets per spike. Both the concentrations were not related to seed size or weight as well as NAM-G1 gene, implying the higher grain Fe and Zn concentrations of T. timopheevii ssp. timopheevii species are not ascribed to concentration effects of seed and the genetic control of NAM-G1 gene. There might be some other biological factors impacting the grain’s Zn and Fe concentrations. These results indicated T. timopheevii ssp. timopheevii species might be a promising genetic resource with high Fe and Zn concentrations for the biofortification of current wheat cultivars.

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, R. P., Mujeeb-Kazi, A. (1997): Resistance to stripe rust in durum wheats, A-genome diploids, and their amphiploids. Euphytica , 94 , 279–286. Mujeeb-Kazi A. Resistance to stripe

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: Sonja Maric, Tihomir Cupic, Goran Jukic, Ivan Varnica, and Dario Dunkovic

Akcura M. — Kaya Y. — Taner S.: 2005. Genotype-environment interaction and phenotypic stability analysis for grain yield of durum wheat in the central Anatolian region. Turk J Agric For no. 29 369–375 pp

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. Araus , J.L. , Amaro , T. , Casadesús , J. , Asbati , A. , Nachit , M.M. 1998 . Relationships between ash content, carbon isotope discrimination and yield in durum wheat . Functional Plant Biol. 25 : 835 – 842

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Korkut, K. Z., Başer, I., Bilir, S. (1993): Studies on correlation and path analysis in durum wheats. pp. 183-187. Symposium of Durum Wheat and Its Products, Ankara. Studies on correlation and path analysis in durum wheats

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Autran J.C., Laignelet B., Morel M.H. 1987. Characterization and quantification of LMW glutenins in durum wheats. Biochimie 69 :699–711. Morel M

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growth condition effects on doubled haploid production in durum wheat crossed with maize. Plant Breeding 119 :289–298. DePauw R.M. Dicamba and growth condition effects on doubled

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