We follow Pollard (2007) in assuming that the mainstream Kripke/Montagueinspired possible-worlds semantics is “a framework known to have dubious foundations” (primarily because of the granularity problem), and “worlds are constructed from propositions […], and not the other way around”. We intend to work out this approach in a DRT-based framework, called ReALIS, in order to account for phenomena concerning referent accessibility, at the same time. We claim that our system offers a general solution to problems of intensional identity, and it is devoid of DRT’s “extra level” problem—by embedding discourse representations in the world model, not directly but as parts of the representations of interpreters’ minds, i.e., their (permanently changing) information states/“internal worlds”. Hence, there is simply no intensionality in ReALIS as interpreters’ “worldlets” (in description of their brains within the entire model of the universe) carry all kinds of information (BDI, guesswork, dream) typically “entrusted to” possible worlds.
In spite of their differences, Two-level Conceptual Semantics, Generative Lexicon Theory and Relevance Theory also have similarities with respect to treatment of the relation of word meanings and contexts. Therefore, the three theories can be considered as complementing each other in analysing word meanings in utterances. In the present paper I will outline a conception of lexical pragmatics which critically amalgamates the views of these theories and has more explanatory power than each theory does separately. Such a lexical pragmatic conception accepts lexical-semantic representations which can be radically underspecified and allow for other methods of meaning description than componential analysis. As words have underspecified meaning representations, they reach their full meanings in corresponding contexts (immediate or extended) through considerable pragmatic inference. The Cognitive Principle of Relevance regulates the way in which the utterance meaning is construed.
In this article we consider three problems: 1. The asymptotic behaviour of the quadratic moment of the exponential divisor
function. 2. The distribution of powerful integers of type 4. 3. The average number of direct factors of a finite Abelian
group. We prove new estimates for the error terms in the asymptotic representations. For this purpose new estimates in the
general four-dimensional divisor problem are needed.
The dialect lexical representations of notions from the “public opinion” sphere are the subject of the research. The motivational analysis of such words allowed to reveal the key meanings “showing the attitude to the person”, “assessment”, “influence on the person”, and “the person’s image”. The native Russian speaker bases on them the choice of the motivational feature for the words that represent the lexical-semantic field “public opinion”.
Workshops of sarcophagi in Aquincum and Brigetio. This contribution deals with problems of chronology, iconography and decoration of the sarcophagi of Aquincum and Brigetio. For the chronology the inscriptions, which name the cities as municipium or colonia are more helpful than the dates of the stationing of the legio I adiutrix and the legio II adiutrix respectively. Regarding the iconography of the many sarcophagi with erotes in the fields on both sides of the inscription the type of this representations is decisive.
Authors:Shigeki Akiyama, Horst Brunotte, and Attila Pethő
The concept of a canonical number system can be regarded as a natural generalization of decimal representations of rational
integers to elements of residue class rings of polynomial rings. Generators of canonical number systems are CNS polynomials
which are known in the linear and quadratic cases, but whose complete description is still open. In the present note reducible
CNS polynomials are treated, and the main result is the characterization of reducible cubic CNS polynomials.
The paper points out that the characteristic properties of general social networks are reflected in co-authorship patterns
of theoretical population genetics as studied from 1900 to 1980. The results are consistent with the analyses of bibliographies
where the co-authorship networks in invisible colleges probably have shown the same behavioural patterns as the non-scientific
populations. The patterns of behaviour are portrayed in two-dimensional as well as three-dimensional representations of co-authorship
data in theoretical population genetics.
The words making up a speaker’s mental lexicon may be stored as abstract phonological representations or else they may be stored as detailed acoustic-phonetic representations. The speaker’s articulatory gestures intended to represent a word show relatively high variability in spontaneous speech. The aim of this paper is to explore the acoustic-phonetic patterns of the Hungarian word
‘then, at that time’. Ten speakers’ recorded spontaneous speech with a total duration of 255 minutes and containing 286 occurrences of akkor were submitted to analysis. Durational and frequency patterns were measured by means of the Praat software. The results obtained show higher variability both within and across speakers than it had been expected. Both the durations of the words and those of the speech sounds, as well as the vowel formants, turned out to significantly differ across speakers. In addition, the results showed considerable within-speaker variation as well. The correspondence between variability in the objective acoustic-phonetic data and the flexibility and adaptive nature of the mental representation of a word will be discussed.For the perception experiments, two speakers of the previous experiment were selected whose 48 words were then used as speech material. The listeners had to judge the quality of the words they heard using a five-point scale. The results confirmed that the listeners used diverse strategies and representations depending on the acoustic-phonetic parameters of the series of occurrences of
Differentiated means are defined in order to find formulas for jumps of distributions. We analyze two types of jumps occurring
in the notions of distributional jump behavior and symmetric jump behavior. We start by defining what we call Riesz differentiated
means for numerical series, then the differentiated means are extended to distributional evaluations for the Schwartz class
of tempered distributions. The jumps of tempered distributions are completely determined by the differentiated means of the
Fourier transform. We also find formulas for the jumps in terms of the asymptotic behavior of partial derivatives of harmonic
representations and harmonic conjugate functions. Applications to Fourier series are given.