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Reports published in recent years on the increased risk in the Baltic Sea of fish infection with larvae of nematodes potentially pathogenic to humans have prompted a study of European smelt Osmerus eperlanus with respect to the presence of these parasites in the Vistula Lagoon. Additionally, samples of this fish from Lake Hańcza were comparatively considered. The body cavity, the surface of internal organs, the alimentary tract and the swimbladder of fish from two environmentally different water bodies were taken into account in the analysis. Only the tapeworm Proteocephalus longicollis was found in the alimentary tract of the fish from Lake Hańcza. Depending on the period of study, the prevalence ranged from 60% to 100%, and the mean intensity from 11.5 to 42.0. The helminth fauna of smelt from the Vistula Lagoon was more diverse: Cystidicola farionis occurred with a prevalence from 25.9 to 75.0% and a mean intensity of infection from 2.7 to 66.0%, Proteocephalus longicollis and cystacanths of Corynosoma with a prevalence ranging in different years from 12.0 to 44.0% and from 14.8 to 50.0%, respectively. Zoonotic parasites, such as nematode larvae of the Anisakidae family (Contracaecum sp., Anisakis simplex), occurred in the intestine with a prevalence of 31%, 72% and 22% in consecutive years of the study.

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A közlemény az orozomukoid és ezen belül a sziálsav molekuláris szerkezetét, strukturális sajátosságát mutatja be, valamint ismerteti élettani, kórélettani és klinikai tulajdonságait, illetve szerepét. Az orozomukoid a lipokalinok családjába, illetve az immunokalinok családjába tartozó, az immunrendszerre ható antiinflammatoricus, valamint transzportmolekula. Az orozomukoid további sajátossága, hogy lektinekhez tud kapcsolódni. Az orozomukoid elterjedt a természetben, és további vizsgálata révén a funkciójával, biológiai szerepével kapcsolatos ismeretek is gazdagodni fognak. A cikkben a klinikai vonatkozások is említést nyernek. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(8): 283–290.

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Absztrakt:

A primer immunhiányos betegségekben az immunrendszer hibás működését genetikai eltérés okozza. A kezelőorvos a klinikai tünetek, jelek, a családi anamnézis és a kórokozó-kimutatás eredményei alapján veti fel a lehetséges diagnózisokat. A gyanú igazolásához nagy segítséget ad, ha az érintett immunológiai funkció in vitro diagnosztikai módszerekkel tesztelhető. A közlemény az antitestválasz, a T-sejtek, a phagocytafunkció, a komplementszisztéma és a veleszületett immunrendszer egyéb elemeinek vizsgálatára alkalmas szűrő, megerősítő és betegségspecifikus laboratóriumi módszereket foglalja össze, nem taglalva a végső diagnózist megadó genetikai teszteket. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(49): 2087–2094.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Sándor Hornok, Attila D. Sándor, Gábor Földvári, Angela M. Ionică, Cornelia Silaghi, Nóra Takács, Anna-margarita Schötta, and Michiel Wijnveld

Abstract

Recently, the occurrence of Ixodes (Pholeoixodes) kaiseri has been reported for the first time in several European countries, but data on the molecular analysis of this hard tick species are still lacking. Therefore, in this study DNA extracts of 28 I. kaiseri (collected from dogs and red foxes in Germany, Hungary and Romania) were screened with reverse line blot hybridisation (RLB), PCR and sequencing for the presence of 43 tick-borne pathogens or other members of their families from the categories of Anaplasmataceae, piroplasms, rickettsiae and borreliae. Rickettsia helvetica DNA was detected in one I. kaiseri female (from a red fox, Romania), for the first time in this tick species. Six ticks (from red foxes, Romania) contained the DNA of Babesia vulpes, also for the first time in the case of I. kaiseri. Molecular evidence of R. helvetica and B. vulpes in engorged I. kaiseri does not prove that this tick species is a vector of the above two pathogens, because they might have been taken up by the ticks from the blood of foxes. In addition, one I. kaiseri female (from a dog, Hungary) harboured Babesia sp. badger type-B, identified for the first time in Hungary and Central Europe (i.e. it has been reported previously from Western Europe and China). The latter finding can be explained by either the susceptibility of dogs to Babesia sp. badger type-B, or by transstadial survival of this piroplasm in I. kaiseri.

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Zsolt Reiger, Gergely Varga, Beáta Tóth, László Maródi, and Melinda Erdős

., Alapi, K., Maródi, L.: Retrospective diagnosis of X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome in a family with multiple deaths of affected males. Haematologica, 2007, 92 , 281–282. Maródi L

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in type 1 diabetes and the untapped potential of diabetes providers to improve outcomes. Curr Diab Rep. 2015; 15: 51. 8 Anderson BJ, Auslander WF, Jung KC, et al. Assessing family sharing

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Mónika Bakkné Nagy, Dávid László Tárnoki, and Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki

54 242 246 Zaloudíková, I., Hrubá, D., Samara, I.: Parental education and family status – association with children’s cigarette

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2004 Minuchin, S.: Families & Family Therapy. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1974

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–100. 2 McIntosh IB, Reed JM, Power KG, et al. The impact of travel acquired illness on the world traveller and family doctor and the need for pre-travel health education. Scott Med J. 1994; 39: 40

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changes in the family; in case the infant is affected by a health problem, the attention, time, energy, and financial burden required will multiply, imposing great difficulties on the family members. Psychologically, the whole family will experience

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