Milk gangliosides have gained considerable attention because they participate in diverse biological processes, including neural development, pathogen binding, and activation of the immune system. The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of total gangliosides in dairy products and to determine whether there is a significant difference in comparison to concentration of gangliosides in cow’s milk. The concentration of total gangliosides in dairy products was significantly higher than concentration in cow’s milk. The highest concentration of gangliosides was determined in yogurt with 3.2% of milk fat.
Authors:A. Bagdi, G. Balázs, J. Schmidt, M. Szatmári, R. Schoenlechner, E. Berghofer, and S. Tömösközia
, I.F.F. & Strain, J.J. (1999): Ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay: Direct measure of total antioxidant activity of biological fluids and modified version for simultaneous measurement of total antioxidant power and ascorbic acid concentration
): Effects of pH control and concentration on microbial oil production from Chlorella vulgaris cultivated in the effluent of a low-cost organic waste fermentation system producing volatile fatty acids . Bioresour. Technol. , 184 , 245 – 250
The antioxidant effects of seafennel (Crithmum maritimum L.) essential oil and rose (Rosa canina) methanol extract at different concentrations were tested in natural olive oil stored at 60 °C, by measuring peroxide values and free oil acidity after regular intervals. All concentrations of both plant extracts showed antioxidant effect compared with control in experiments. The most effective extracts were 0.4% level of rose. The 0.2% concentrations of rose extract and seafennel oil and 0.4% level of seafennel oil followed in a decreasing order, respectively. The 0.2% level of seafennel oil in olive oil had more effect than those of only 0.02% concentrations of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Acidity values of seafennel oil at the 0.4% concentration were high compared with its 0.2% level. Acidity values of both rose concentrations were found partly similar.
Authors:A. Alizadeh, N. Aghayi, M. Soofi, and L. Roufegarinejad
positive effect decreased by elevating the inulin concentration. The same trend was observed in samples containing stevia and the samples containing a combination of inulin and stevia. Additionally, due to the presence of rebaudioside A in stevia
Authors:Cs. Dobolyi, K. Inotai, I. Bata-Vidács, D. Sárkány, O. Csernus, S. Kocsubé, B. Tóth, A. Szekeres, and J. Kukolya
cereal products were collected and analysed in the UK by Leon et al. (2015) . ST was found in 4% of the investigated cereal samples at >0.5 μg kg −1 concentration, in line with the results of the wider EFSA survey of 1,142 cereal samples ( Mol et al
Green synthesis of hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles was followed using various concentrations of pectin extracted from the culinary banana bract. The effect of pectin concentrations on purity, crystallinity, particle size, and morphology of synthesized HA nanoparticles were studied. The extracted pectin was characterized by proton-1 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. FT-IR results revealed that increased concentration (0–0.075 % w/w) of pectin substantially improved the purity level of synthesized HA nanoparticles. In addition, higher concentration of pectin also reduced the crystallinity and size of the synthesized HA nanoparticles, which was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and SEM results, respectively. The synthesized HA nanoparticles at increased pectin concentration (HA0.075) evinced high purity, less crystallinity, and discrete uniform shape. Results of TEM images have the credence to reveal the presence of nanosized discrete particles (20–50 nm) with lattice structure of hydroxyapatite.