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a bírói ítélkezésben 2011 Bencze, M.- Matzak, M.- Kühn, Z. (2010): Constitutions, EU Law and Judicial Strategies in the

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національного та міжнародного права (порівняльний аналіз)’ [Constitution and Correlation of Domestic and International Law (Comparative Analysis)] ( 2006 ) 10 Юридична газета 4 . Shilina , E

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Tenth Anniversary of Constitutional Review’ in G Halmai (ed), The Constitution Found? The First Nine Years of Hungarian Constitutional Review on Fundamental Rights (INDOK 2000 ) 21 – 47

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Abstract  

C'est en 1879 que Jnos Arany (1817–1882) acheva et publia son pope romantique intitule Toldi szerelme (L'amour de Toldi). Nous nous proposons d'examiner le contexte d'histoire des ides, de philosophie de l'histoire et de thorie des genres dans lequel et a travers des combats intrieurs le pote mena bien sa trilogie dont L'amour de Toldiest la partie centrale et la partie la plus ample. Arany commena sa carrire pique avec une pope comique (Az elveszett alkotmnyLa constitution perdue, 1845) par laquelle il contesta et dconstruisit, d'une manire systmatique, la ligne Virgile – Tasse – Milton reprsente le mieux en Hongrie par Mihly Vrsmarty (Zal n futsaLa fuite de Zaln, 1823). Par la suite, nanmoins, c'est la connaissance d'Homre et de Dante qui l'aida dans l'criture de la premire partie de la trilogie (Toldi, 1847) et puis l'tude de Dante et d'Arioste lui permit d'laborer un nouveau modele d'pope. A Dante, il emprunta en premier lieu la transformation radicale de la machine pique et l'emploi inventif de symboles bibliques, tandis qu'il apprit d'aprs Arioste la manire d'attacher un thme choisi une posie antrieure (ce qu'on appelle la gionta): ce fut, dans le cas de ce dernier, l'ouvre de Boiardo, et dans le cas d'Arany, celle de Pter Ilosvai Selymes. Arany adapta avec grande affiniti l'ironie historique impitoyable d'Arioste et ainsi il russit crer une curieuse 'pope de paix' qui, tout en relatant les campagnes de Louis le Grand (Louis 1er d'Anjou) Naples et en Bohme, condamne sverement (et contrairement aux popes traditionnelles) les guerres et met en cause leur bien-fond sur un plan de philosophie de l'histoire. Il est remarquer qu'Arany se familiarisa avec la philosophie de l'histoire de Gianbattista Vico (par le truchement du grand historien suisse Bluntschli) et avec les conceptions de Carlyle portant sur l'histoire et sur les hros. Ainsi ce qui fut apparamment une pope de paix se transforma en fait en un pome pique bas sur le pch originel d'une nation. Et pour crire cette ouvre – la fin d'un combat intrieur qui dura toute une vie –, Arany se tourna vers un Virgile rinterprt.

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There is a type in the iconography of Saint Stephen which, although it is perhaps one of the best known portrayals of the saint, has nevertheless escaped the attention of art historical research. The woodcut in the Augsburg edition of János Thuróczy's Chronica Hungarorum (1488) is of interest not only from the viewpoint of art history; it is at least as important for the history of ideas and constitutional law, and it was not only in one particular period, namely at the very end of the 15th century that it became a special theme, but it proved to be very much alive in the following century with minor changes. The Hungarian source of the composition is a special theme that appeared in the 14th century, the portrayal of Saint Ladislas crowned by angels which was revived by the art propaganda for display of Louis I (the Great), based on Byzantine traditions and given current relevance. As far as we know at present, the motif of angelic coronation first appeared in the iconography of Saint Stephen on a woodcut printed perhaps in Ulm around 1460-1470. However, the immediate model for the woodcuts in the Thuróczy chronicle was very probably not this image of Saint Stephen but the relief of King Matthias Corvinus on the tower of the Ortenburg castle in Bautzen. Right from the time of its appearance the woodcut was an enormous success. This was due in part to its technique and message but the main reason why it became popular was its extremely important constitutional law implications for the feudal constitution, especially in the struggles for succession following the death of Matthias Corvinus (1490). Since it gave the most succinct expression of the doctrine of the Holy Crown, the constitutional law foundation of the Kingdom of Hungary, and could be updated later too, countless copies and variants were produced in the following centuries, particularly after the appearance in Nuremberg in 1664 of the Mausoleum published at the expense of Ferenc Nádasdy chief justice, right up to the 20th century. It was probably through this art channel that it trickled down later through further intermediary stations into folk tradition although there are only a few oral and pictorial traces of this.

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Acemoglu, D. (2005): Constitutions, Politics, and Economics: A Review Essay on Persson and Tabellini’s. The Economic Effects of Constitutions. Journal of Economic Literature , 43(4): 1025

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Constitution of Liberty . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Hayek F A The Constitution of Liberty 1960

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). Holarctic Ecology 14 186 191 Baker, H. G. and Baker, I. (1975): Nectar constitution and pollinator

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la qualité des grains d'aszú et les différents modes de vinification sur la constitution des vins d'aszú de Tokaj-Hegyalja. Oenologie 99.6 e Symposium International d'Oenologié. Proceedings, pp. 191-195. Les effets de la

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Kalmár, Z. P., Miklósy, É., Pölös, V. & Kerényi, Z. (1999): Les effets de la qualité des grains d'aszú et les différents modes de vinification sur la constitution des vins d'aszú de Tokaj-Hegyalja. Oenologie 99. 6 e Symposium International d

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