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The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the artificial inoculation of barley kernels and leaves with a suspension of spores and mycelium of species belonging to the genera Ascochyta, Bipolaris, Drechslera and Fusarium. The following procedures were applied: inoculation of kernels germinating on blotting paper, inoculation of kernels germinating in the soil and spraying of young barley plants. Intensity of the occurring disease symptoms depended on the fungal species used and the method of inoculation. All genera of fungi used for inoculation of kernels on blotting paper statistically significantly reduced the percentage of germinated kernels. In the case of inoculation of kernels sown in the soil, emergence rates of barley plants were statistically significantly reduced only by B. sorokiniana (22.5–70%) and Fusarium sp. (5–55%), the control 92.5–95%. The use of B. sorokiniana in the inoculation of young barley plants caused spots (30–60% of infected plants), which were not observed in species from the other genera.

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Introduction The multidrug resistance of bacteria causing life-threatening infections is a continuously increasing problem for every nation's health care system [ 1 , 2 ]. In particular, the combat against pathogens of the

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]. The relevance of anaerobic bacteria as pathogens has been described from basically all anatomical areas, these infections may be divided into two main groups: exogenous or “classical” infections (botulism, gas gangrene, lockjaw) are predominantly

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Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in the first decade of the present century, MRSA was among the three most frequently isolated multidrug-resistant pathogens associated with nosocomial infection rates less than 5% [ 2 ]. Nosocomial

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A , Jansson M , Sköld M , Rottenberg ME , Källenius G : Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection . PLoS Pathog 8 ( 2 ), e1002464 ( 2012 ) 3. Corbett

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IV , Baetz AL : Natural and experimental infections of Arcobacter in poultry . Poult Sci 78 ( 4 ), 536 – 545 ( 1999 ) 20. Wesley IV

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Heike Granzer, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Philipp Warnke, Wolfgang Bock, Tobias Baumann, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Andreas Podbielski, Hagen Frickmann, and Thomas Koeller

References 1. Guo N , Xue W , Tang D , Ding J , Zhao B : Risk factors and outcomes of hospitalized patients with blood infections

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Ingrid E. Pereira, Kyssia P. Silva, Laura M. Menegati, Aimara C. Pinheiro, Elaine A. O. Assunção, Maria De Lourdes P. Araújo, Elfadil Abass, Malcolm S. Duthie, Ulrich Steinhoff, and Henrique C. Teixeira

L. infantum . The danger of transmission of VL from dogs to men is high due to their proximity, the susceptibility of dogs to VL infection and the high prevalence of asymptomatic dogs [ 3 ]. Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is a systemic disease

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Hagen Frickmann, Kerstin Köller, Irina Veil, Mirjam Weise, Alicja Ludyga, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Philipp Warnke, and Andreas Podbielski

References 1. Ronald A : The etiology of urinary tract infection: traditional and emerging pathogens . Dis Mon 49 , 71

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