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Abstract  

The thermal properties of four heteropoly complexes α-K3H3[SiW11Ni(H2O)O39]·11.5H2O (I), α-K3H2[SiW11Fe(H2O)O39]·9H2O (II), α-[(C4H9)4N]3.5H1.5[SiW11Fe(H2O)O39]·4.5H2O (III) and α-[(C4H9)4N]3.5H2.5[SiW11Cu(H2O)O39]·6H2O (IV) were studied by means of TG, DTA and DSC. The activation energy and reaction order of the thermal decomposition reaction of these complexes have been calculated.

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Abstract  

A theoretical approach has been used to show that, except for certain types of reaction mechanism, the ease with which it is possible to distinguish the form of the reaction mechanism by the reduced-time plot method depends particularly on the rate of transfer of heat into the sample. The original reduced-time plots [1] were calculated from model equatioons which assume that the sample is, from the outset, at a fixed temperature and remains under isothermal conditions throughout the reaction. The variations produced in the appearance of reduced-time plots when the sample is programmed to rise to a given fixed temperature through various temperature schedules have been investigated. It is shown that even relatively rapid temperature rises can produce distortion of the reduced-time plots for various reaction equations. If the reaction mechanism is known, however, fairly accurate values of the activation energy for the reaction can be determined, even when the furnace used has relatively poor heat-transfer characteristics.

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Abstract  

This research was aimed to investigate the combustion and kinetics of oil shale samples (Mengen and Himmetoğlu) by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Experiments were performed in air atmosphere up to 600�C at five different heating rates. The DSC curves clearly demonstrate distinct reaction regions in the oil shale samples studied. Reaction intervals, peak and burn-out temperatures of the oil shale samples are also determined. Arrhenius kinetic method was used to analyze the DSC data and it was observed that the activation energies of the samples are varied in the range of 22.4–127.3 kJ mol−1 depending on the oil shale type and heating rate.

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Thermal analysis increasingly being used to obtain kinetic data relating to sample decomposition. This work involves a comparative study of several methods used to analyse DSC and TG/DTG data obtained on the oxidation of Beypazari lignite. A general computer program was developed and the methods are compared with regard to their accuracy and the ease of interpretation of the kinetics of thermal decomposition. For this study, the ratio method was regarded as the preferred method, because it permits the estimation of reaction order, activation energy and Arrhenius constant simultaneously from a single experiment.

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Abstract  

The thermal behavior of four unusual lignocellulose fibers — namely Caroa, Curaua, Piassava and Sponge gourd — is described. Caroa and Curaua fibers showed a more homogeneous thermal degradation, with a single peak dominating in the DTG curve. Piassava and Sponge gourd showed two separated peaks, revealing the more pronounced amounts of hemicellulose present at these fibers. All four fibers are, however, thermally stable up to temperatures of around 200°C. The activation energies for the thermal degradation of the fibers were similar, except for the Caroa fiber. The lower activation energy associated to this fiber was attributed to its higher hemicellulose to cellulose ratio.

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Abstract  

Strontium(II) bis (oxalato) strontium(II) trihydrate, Sr[Sr(C2O4)2]·3H2O and mercury(II) bis (oxalato) mercurate(II) hexahydrate, Hg[Hg(C2O4)2]·6H2O have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, reflectance and IR spectral studies. Thermal decomposition studies (TG, DTG and DTA) in air showed SrCO3 was formed at ca. 500°C through the formation of transient intermediate of a mixture of SrCO3 and SrC2O4 around 455°C. Sharp phase transition from γ-SrCO3 to β-SrCO3 indicated by a distinct endothermic peak at 900°C in DTA. Mercury(II) bis (oxalato) mercurate(II) hexahydrate showed an inclined slope followed by surprisingly steep slope in TG at 178°C and finally 98.66% of weight loss at 300°C. The activation energies (E *) of the dehydration and decomposition steps have been calculated by Freeman and Carroll and Flynn and Wall's method and compared with the values found by DSC in nitrogen. A tentative reaction mechanism for the thermal decomposition of Sr[Sr(C2O4)2]·3H2O has been proposed.

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