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Péter Nádas’s novel published in the Hungarian language in 2005 deals with both European and Hungarian history, and validates a very specific view on history. The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon the question of relevance to the text concerning the body/body ideology aspects of Nádas’s historical approach. Differing representations of our sensuality in addition to placing the issue into a new context is one of the substantial undertakings of Parallel Stories, which in my opinion is worth approaching in the interrelationship of bodysensualitybody ideologieshistorypowernovel structure. In my study, I start out from K. Theweleit’s theory, which combines the forceful exercise of power with the ideology of male camaraderie, I then analyse how this approach appears in different text levels, motifs, scenes of Nádas’s novel, up to the composition following the “chaos structure”.

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Whereas researchers were hitherto focused on literary sources and monuments from ancient Rome this article deals with objects from Late Antiquity connecting Early-Christian and pagan illustrations, especially from the Hungarian part of the Roman Empire. Under the influence of Christian religion combined with modifications in Roman law, several changes had an impact on the environments of children. The question is whether these alterations had also an effect on the pictures of children. For examining this presumption, depictions of children and infant Christ are investigated because Christian art is linked to the tradition of pagan Roman art. So a separation of these two groups of representations makes absolutely no sense but has been done by scholars until now.

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In the Argonautica of Valerius Flaccus, due to the influence of Apollonius Rhodius, Jason, the main character of the epic, has several cloaks. The most important of these is the one Jason receives from Hypsipyle, when he leaves Lemnos. According to an ekphrasis in Book 2, two pictures woven on the cloak represent the rescuing of Thoas, father of Hypsipyle and the abduction of Ganymede. My paper analyses the function of the description of these representations in the Argonautica, besides, it examines the relationship between the two pictures described in the ekphrasis. It is argued that the purpose of Jason donating all his other cloaks (one from Cyzicus, one woven by his mother, and another one also given to him by Hypsipyle) is to emphasize the importance of the cloak he received from Hypsipyle and to remind the reader of her fidelity, in a further part of the epic.

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Mithraic Iconography in Hispania

Reinterpretation of the Catalogue and New Findings

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Author: Claudina Romero Mayorga

Summary

This proposal aims to provide an update of the catalogues of findings associated with the mysteries of Mithras in Hispania produced by García y Bellido (1967) and Alvar Ezquerra (1981). A new approach to the archaeological material is needed due to the multiplicity of findings in recent decades and the overcoming of traditional theories in this field of study. We have focused on the figurative monuments, as Mithraic iconography has been considered a mere vehicle for the transmission of the eschatology of the cult.

Although three representations of tauroctony were located in the province of Baetica, the findings of Tróia and Mérida, both in Lusitania, are the most important source of materials in the territory of Hispania. Recent discoveries in Lugo, Altafulla, Cabrera de Mar, Puente Genil, San Juan de la Isla, Barbate, Mérida, along with the revision of the Museo Nacional de Arte Romano collection, have been a great contribution to the study of Mithraism in the Iberian Peninsula.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: E. L. Dorval, M. A. Arribére, S. Ribeiro Guevara, I. M. Cohen, A. J. Kestelman, R. A. Ohaco, M. S. Segovia, A. N. Yunes, and M. Arrondo

Summary  

We have measured the cross sections, averaged over a 235U fission neutron spectrum, for the two high threshold reactions: 75As(n,p)75mGe and 75As(n,2n)74As. The measured averaged cross sections are 0.292±0.022 mb, referred to the 3.95±0.20 mb standard for the 27Al(n,p)27Mg averaged cross section, and 0.371±0.032 mb referred to the 111±3 mb standard for the 58Ni(n,p)58m+gCo averaged cross section, respectively. The measured averaged cross sections were also evaluated semi-empirically by numerically integrating experimental differential cross section data extracted for both reactions from the current literature. The calculations were performed for four different representations of the thermal-neutron-induced 235U fission neutron spectrum. The calculated cross sections, though depending on analytical representation of the flux, agree with the measured values within the estimated uncertainties.

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Abstract  

Recent research has shown that simple graphical representations of research performance can be obtained using two-dimensional maps based on impact (i) and citations (C). The product of impact and citations leads to an energy term (E). Indeed, using E as the third coordinate, three-dimensional landscape maps can be prepared. In this paper, instead of using the traditional impact factor and total citations received for journal evaluation, Article InfluenceTM and EigenfactorTM are used as substitutes. Article Influence becomes a measure of quality (i.e. a proxy for impact factor) and Eigenfactor is a proxy for size/quantity (like citations) and taken together, the product is an energy-like term. This can be used to measure the influence/prestige of a journal. It is also possible to propose a p-factor (where p = E 1/3) as an alternative measure of the prestige or prominence of a journal which plays the equivalent role of the h-index.

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Abstract  

The journal set which provides a representation of nanoscience and nanotechnology at the interfaces among applied physics, chemistry, and the life sciences is developing rapidly because of the introduction of new journals. The relevant contributions of nations can be expected to change according to the representations of the relevant interfaces among journal sets. In the 2005 set the position of the USA decreased more than in the 2004-set, while the EU-27 gained in terms of its percentage of world share of citations. The tag “Y01N” which was newly added to the EU classification system for patents, allows for the visualization of national profiles of nanotechnology in terms of relevant patents and patent classes.

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Abstract  

Dante’s Commedia and Goethe’s Faust, two classics of World literature seem worlds apart. One is a medieval work with deep religious connotations and an obsolete poetics, while the other is a modern epic that deals with the predicament of the individual at the dawn of a new technological and capitalist era. Yet, these differences are essentially historical and do not affect the way in which both works communicate as poetic representations. At this level, in fact, they are very much comparable, as I will try to show. These two works have in common not only the fundamental theme of the “quest for knowledge”, but they also share what is necessarily and inevitably the representational mode of any great poetic work: the mode of allegory.

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Abstract  

Citations support the communication of specialist knowledge by allowing authors and readers to make specific selections in several contexts at the same time. In the interactions between the social network of (first-order) authors and the network of their reflexive (that is, second-order) communications, a sub-textual code of communication with a distributed character has emerged. The recursive operation of this dual-layered network induces the perception of a cognitive dimension in scientific communication.Citation analysis reflects on citation practices. Reference lists are aggregated in scientometric analysis using one (or sometimes two) of the available contexts to reduce the complexity: geometrical representations (‘mappings’) of dynamic operations are reflected in corresponding theories of citation. For example, a sociological interpretation of citations can be distinguished from an information-theoretical one. The specific contexts represented in the modern citation can be deconstructed from the perspective of the cultural evolution of scientific communication.

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Abstract  

This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of patent citation analysis in general and its application to novel fields of science and technology in particular. It introduces into the subject-matter by discussing an empirical problem, the relationship of nano-publications and nano-patents as representations of nano-science and nano-technology. Drawing on a variety of sources, different interpretations of patent citations are presented. Then, the nature of patent citations is further investigated by comparing them to citations in the scientific literature. After characterizing the citation linkage as indicators of reciprocal relationships between science and technology, patent citations in nano-science and technology are analyzed in terms of interfield and organizational knowledge-flows.

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