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Abstract  

This work discusses thermal behavior of Ni/MH battery with experimental methods. The present work not only provides a new way to get more exactly parameters and thermal model, but also concentrates on thermal behavior in discharging period. With heat generation rate gained by experiments with microcalorimeter, heat transport equations are set up and solved. The solutions are compared with experiment results and used to understand the reactions inside the battery. Experiments with microcalorimeter provide more reliable data to create precise thermal model.

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Abstract  

Most studies report a depression of the glass transition temperature in thin polymer films. To gain insight into this behavior, we have simultaneously investigated the structure of materials and their thermal behavior by developing an ATR–FTIR–nano-differential scanning calorimeter (nanoDSC) hybrid instrument consisting of a ZnSe ATR crystal upon which the sample and a DSC-on-a-chip rests. FTIR spectra showed property changes with film thickness; nanoDSC did not. The relative absorbance of an IR peak at 797 cm−1 was found to correlate with aging time in thin films, suggesting that conformational structure of thin films is critical to their thermal behavior.

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Abstract  

Results concerning the thermal behaviour of Yb2O3-doped CeO2 samples irradiated with CO2 laser beams in continuous wave are presented.

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Abstract  

The thermal behaviour of a series of oxovanadium(IV) complexes of halogenated derivatives of 8-hydroxyquinoline was investigated by means of TG and DTA measurements in oxygen atmosphere. V2O5 was the final pyrolysis residue in all cases.

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Results are presented on the thermal behaviour of two derivatives of malic acid. The decomposition intermediates obtained at about 400‡C were identified as derivatives of malonic acid. For some individual thermal decomposition steps, the values of the non-isothermal kinetic parameters were determined.

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Abstract  

The authors present the results concerning the thermal behaviour of three polynuclear coordination compounds of Nd(III) and Co(II) or Fe(III) with triptophan. For the dehydration steps the values of the non-isothermal kinetic parameters have been determined.

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Abstract  

The application of classical QSAR and molecular modelling to the inclusion complexation of natural and modified cyclodextrins (CDs) with carboxylic acid derivatives as guest molecules was examined. Information was available on the thermal behaviour, in the solid-state of benzoic acid (BA), salicylic acid (SA), and various substituted aminosalicylic acids (3-aminosalicylic acid, 3-ASA, 4-aminosalicylic acid, 4-ASA and 5-aminosalicylic acid, 5-ASA), as well as on the thermal behaviour of 1:1 molar ratio physical and kneaded mixtures of these acids with each of three different cyclodextrins, β-, (BCD) 2-hydroxypropyl-β-, (HPBCD) and γ-cyclodextrin (GCD). The thermal behaviour of the binary (1:1 stoichiometry) mixtures was modelled using stepwise multiple regression (SMR). Two models for the prediction of the percentage mass loss and enthalpy of dehydration of the physical mixtures were established with correlation coefficients (r) of 0.79 and 0.92, respectively. Decreased correlation in the thermal behaviour of kneaded mixtures indicated significant interaction and possible formation of inclusion complexes.

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Thermal behaviour of M(OH)2(8-HQ)2 (M=Ni, Cu and Zn; 8-HQ=8-hydroxyquinoline) has been studied by dynamic TG and DTA methods in nitrogen atmosphere. The percent weights lost in different temperature range was calculated from TG curves. The mode of decomposition has been supported by endotherms observed in DTA curves of the respective compounds.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Maria Crişan, Ana Brăileanu, D. Crişan, Mălina Răileanu, N. Drăgan, Diana Mardare, V. Teodorescu, Adelina Ianculescu, Ruxandra Bîrjega, and M. Dumitru

Abstract  

Among the great number of sol-gel materials prepared, TiO2 holds one of the most important places due to its photocatalytic properties, both in the case of powders and coatings. Impurity doping is one of the typical approaches to extend the spectral response of a wide band gap semiconductor to visible light. This work has studied some un-doped and Pd-doped sol-gel TiO2 nanopowders, presenting various surface morphologies and structures. The obtained powders have been embedded in vitreous TiO2 matrices and the corresponding coatings have been prepared by dipping procedure, on glass substrates. The relationship between the synthesis conditions and the properties of titania nanosized materials, such as thermal stability, phase composition, crystallinity, morphology and size of particles, and the influence of dopant was investigated. The influence of Pd on TiO2 crystallization both for supported and unsupported materials was studied (lattice parameters, crystallite sizes, internal strains). The hydrophilic properties of the films were also connected with their structure, composition and surface morphology. The methods used for the characterization of the materials have been: simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy (TEM, SAED) and AFM.

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Abstract  

The thermal behaviors of four organic solvents with/without LiPF6 were measured by C80 microcalorimeter at a 0.2�C min−1 heating rate. With the addition of 1 M LiPF6, the ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) show the exothermic peaks at elevated temperature, which lessen their stabilities. The exothermic peak temperatures of EC and PC based LiPF6 solutions are at 212 and 223�C, respectively, in argon filled vessel. However, two endothermic peak temperatures were detected in diethyl carbonate (DEC) based LiPF6 solution at 182 and 252.5�C, respectively, in argon filled vessel. Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) based LiPF6 solution shows two endothermic peak temperatures at 68.5 and 187�C in argon filled vessel at elevated temperature. Consequently, it is concluded that LiPF6 play a key role in the thermal behavior of its organic solution.

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