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Abstract  

Extraction chromatographic supports (XAD-7) impregnated with binary mixtures of cobalt dicarbollide and one of the two phosphororganic extractants (dibutyl-N,N-diethylcarbamoylmethyl phosphonate, DBDECMP, or octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethyl phosphine oxide, (CMPO) were prepared using methanolic solutions of the extractants and subsequent evaporation of methanol at room temperature. The molar ratios (x) in isomolar series of the two extractants were 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1. The sorbents were used for investigating Eu capture from 0.1 and 1M HNO3 solutions under static conditions (24 hours shaking, 2 cm3 aqueous phase with 0.2 g sorbent, Eu initial concentrations 3·10–9, 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01 and 0.1M). The sorbents containing mixtures of extractants corresponding to the interpolated value x=0.45 (phosphororg./dicarb.) exhibited the highest values of the distribution ratios of Eu. A synergic effect of three orders of magnitude for low concentrations of Eu was observed. A tentative determination is given of the nature and the equilibrium constants of the chemical reactions assumed.

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Abstract  

The sorption of cobalt on natural and modified clinoptiolites has been studied. It has been demonstrated that the higher sorption of cobalt on modified clinoptinolites than on natural ones is due to precipitation reactions. The precipitates formed on the sorbent have been investigated by infrared spectrometrical, microscopical, and X-ray analyses. The capacity values of the corresponding metal forms of clinoptilolite have been obtained with cobalt. Desactivation of radioactive solutions containing134Cs,137Cs204Tl and The sorption of cobalt on natural and modified clinoptiolites has been studied. It has been demonstrated that the higher sorption of cobalt on modified clinoptinolites than on natural ones is due to precipitation reactions. The precipitates formed on the sorbent have been investigated by infrared spectrometrical, microscopical, and X-ray analyses. The capacity values of the corresponding metal forms of clinoptilolite have been obtained with cobalt. Desactivation of radioactive solutions containing134Cs,137Cs,204Tl and60Co ions simultaneously on natural sorbents by precipitation reaction has been achieved.

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Abstract  

An extraction chromatographic material based on Aliquat-336 anchored on hydrophobized silica gel support was prepared as an ion exchanger. The prepared material appeared to be suitable for the separation of 99Tc from environmental matrices in column application. The properties of the material, sorption characteristic and distribution coefficient of 99mTcO4 -in various media were studied. The prepared sorbent was conditioned by washing with nitric acid. The solution containing 99mTcO4 - in 0.1M HNO3 was passed through the column. Tc was eluted from the column by 8M HNO3. The flow rate was 0.4 ml/min. The chemical yield of technetium during the separation process was determined using 99mTc tracer and gamma measurement. The sorption recovery of Tc from the prepared sorbent with 0.1M HNO3 solution was more than 98%, and the desorption recovery from the column using 8M HNO3 varied between 92-96%. It was found that the prepared sorbent is suitable for the separation of technetium from environmental matrices and radioactive wastes.

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Abstract  

The efficiency of immobilized moss as a bio-sorbent for the removal of 137Cs and 90Sr radionuclides from actual low-level radioactive waste (LLW) solutions was investigated. Preliminary batch experiments with the moss (Funaria hygrometrica) for the sorption of Cs and Sr have shown a pH dependent binding trend from pH 1–13, with maximum binding between pH 5–10. Time dependence of the batch studies showed that a contact time of 30 minutes was sufficient to reach equilibrium. Column experiments for the sorption of Cs and Sr by moss after immobilizing in polymer silica matrix demonstrated that the sorbent is capable of removing considerable amounts of Cs and Sr from actual LLW solutions under constant flow conditions. The adsorption capacity was estimated to be 8.5 mg/g for Cs and 15 mg/g for Sr. These sorbed metal ions from the column could be leached out using 0.20M nitric acid. The regenerated sorbent exhibited relatively the same initial binding capacity of both Cs and Sr even after 3 cycles of reuse.

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Abstract  

Coal-tar pitch was modified by addition of polystyrene, poly(ethylene terephthalate), unsaturated polyester and coumarone-indene resin. The optimum conditions for production of homogeneous binary pitch-polymer blends containing 10% w/w of the polymer were established. Softening points, contents of toluene and quinoline-insoluble matters and rheological properties of the blends were determined. The yield of solid fraction in semi-coking the blends was also found. The effect of polymers on the coal-tar pitch blend properties was evaluated. Some pitch-polymer blends were then carbonized to carbon sorbents used for purification of water and wastewater.

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Abstract  

The electrophoretic mobility of some radionuclides has been measured to understand its attractive or repulsive tendencies towards other charged species in the medium. In this study, the chemical state of trace concentrations of88Y,103Ru,134Cs, and141Ce in the presence of UO 2 2+ , as a dominant component, in strongly alkaline aqueous solutions (pH>13) was characterized.88Y and141Ce settled almost completely as colloidal species; whereas103Ru,134Cs, and uranium remained as ions. These results closely correlate a procedure for defining both the composition of the water in contact with the fuel and the practical applicability of modified sorbents.

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Abstract  

Hexacyanoferrates (HCFs) are known to be efficient sorbents for the removal of Cs from aqueous solutions. But the powdery precipitate of HCF is unsuitable for use in columns. To make it amenable to column application, it has been coated on polyacrylic fibres by in situ precipitation. In batch and column experiments, the fibres coated with Cupric ferric hexacyanoferrate provided good removal of137Cs from radioactive effluents. Leaching of Cs from the fibres was found to be only 14% in demineralised water medium. The Cs-loaded fibres could easily be incinerated to a smaller volume for further conditioning.

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Abstract  

The reaction conditions and component ratios were established for the attachment of 4-(2-pyridylazo)resorcinol (PAR), 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN) and 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-HQ) to the silica surface by means of a single-stage Mannich reaction. The modified sorbents that were synthesized were characterized by an adsorption method, and DRIFT and UV spectroscopies. The concentrations of PAR, PAN and 8-HQ grafted to the silica surface that were attained were 2.810−5, 8.510−5 and 2.710−4 mol g−1, respectively.

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Abstract  

A rapid procedure is described for the separation and determination of 0.025 mg to 1.0 mg quantities of As(V), V(V), Mo(VI) and W(VI) from small quantities of Cu(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) using silica gel as the selective sorbent for the cations. The individual anionic components, which remain in the supernatant solution after separation from the cations, are determined by colorimetric methods. The complete recovery of As(V) in supernatant solution has also been tested radiometrically using76As as the radioactive indicator. The sorbed cations after extraction with dilute hydrochloric acid are determined by EDTA titrations.

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Summary

The new obtained sorbent based on silica gel modified with polyaniline was used as a stationary phase in the ion chromatography of anions. NO3- and NO2- ions were analyzed by UV spectrophotometric detection (200 nm). It can be stated that the optimal mobile phase was a 0.05 M hydrochloric acid and the optimal flow speed was 0.3 mL min−1. The separation of both anions in the presented condition was satisfactory. The resolution factor (peak resolution) was 3.3. It suggests the possibility of the column application for simultaneous speciation analysis of nitrate ions.

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