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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Markus M. Heimesaat, Gül Karadas, André Fischer, Ulf B. Göbel, Thomas Alter, Stefan Bereswill, and Greta Gölz

MM , Karadas G , Alutis M , Fischer A , Kuhl AA , Breithaupt A , et al.: Survey of small intestinal and systemic immune responses following murine Arcobacter butzleri infection . Gut Pathog 7 , 28 ( 2015

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Klára Piukovics, Viktória Bertalan, Gabriella Terhes, Ágnes Báthori, Edit Hajdú, Gyula Pokorny, László Kovács, and Edit Urbán

Introduction Nocardia species are ubiquitous environmental filamentous bacteria that may cause various infections in humans [ 1 ]. The incidence of these infections has increased among immunocompromised patients in

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Grayston, J. T.: Infections caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae strain TWAR. Clin. Infect. Dis. 15 , 757–761 (1992). Grayston J. T. Infections

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Esra Özkaya, İlknur Tosun, Enİs Fuat Tüfekçİ, Celal Kurtuluş Buruk, Neşe Kaklıkkaya, and Faruk Aydın

Introduction The threat posed by invasive fungal infections in immunosuppressed patients is growing [ 1, 2 ]. In addition to Candida and Aspergillus species, other emerging opportunistic yeasts must also be considered in these patients [ 1

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Milica Jovanović, Sofie M. van Dorp, Mitra Drakulović, Dubravka Papić, Sladjana Pavić, Snežana Jovanović, Aleksandar Lešić, Miloš Korać, Ivana Milošević, and Ed J. Kuijper

, many European countries reported patients with CDI caused by PCR ribotype 027 [ 3 , 4 ]. C. difficile infections (CDI) associated with PCR ribotype 027 result in an increased mortality and higher relapse rates than other ribotypes [ 5 ]. PCR ribotype

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Interventional Medicine and Applied Science
Authors: Eniko Sarvary, D. Lee, J. Varadi, M. Varga, I. Gaal, R. Chmel, G. Beko, Z. Kanyo, B. Nemes, Zs. Gerlei, J. Fazakas, L. Kobori, Zs. Herold, S. Németh, I. Galoczi, J. Jaray, and R. Langer


The value of urinary cytology in the diagnosis of different pathological conditions in renal transplantation is particularly important. Manual microscopic urinalysis is a high-volume procedure that currently requires significant labour.

Objective: To automate the sediment evaluation and to make this more accurate using the Iris Diagnostics Automated Urine Microscopy Analyzer (iQ200). Our goal was to compare the manual and automated microscopic data to apply iQ200 in renal function monitoring.

Method: The iQ200 uses digital imaging and Auto Analyte Recognition software to classify urine constituents into 12 analyte categories and quantitatively report.

Results: We determined cut-off values of urine particles in every category, which correlated well with manual microscopic results. The iQ200 was more sensitive for pathological casts than manual microscopic analysis. iQ200 helped the operator to differentiate between isomorphic and dismorphic erythrocytes and between lymphocytes and granulocytes, too. Every pathological constituent could be recognized, which is very important for early recognition of renal impairment, graft rejection and urinary tract infection.

Conclusions: The iQ200 system automatically classifies 12 particles, significantly reducing the need for additional sample preparation, manual microscopic review achieving a high degree of standardization in urinalysis.

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. 2005 15 716 719 Newell, M. L., Pembrey, L.: Mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus infection

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blight resistance in wheat . Breed. Sci. 60 : 405 – 411 . Linsell , K.J. , Keiper , F.J. , Forgan , A. , Oldach , K.H. 2011 . New insights into the infection process

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Sándor Hornok, Renate Edelhofer, Anja Joachim, Róbert Farkas, Krisztián Berta, Attila Répási, and Béla Lakatos

. (1988): Neonatal Neospora caninum infection in dogs: isolation of causative agent and experimental transmission. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 193 , 1259–1263. Topper M. J

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Hungarian Medical Journal
Authors: Fazal Karim, Salimur Rahman, Mobin Khan, AKM Khorshed Alam, Nooruddin Ahmed, KMJ Zaki, Mamun-Al-Mahtab, and Chitta Ranjan Debnath

1607 1615 Mast, E. E., Alter, M. J., Margolis, H. S.: Strategies to prevent and control hepatitis B and C virus infections: A global perspective. Vaccine, 1999

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