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Abstract  

This paper describes the mainstream scientific output of the scientific communities of four newly industrializing Asian countries (Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan) and considers its adequacy for describing local scientific activities in biochemistry, biology, physics, electrical engineering, and computer science. An examination of non mainstream scientific literature in these specialties shows that a high proportion of non mainstream authors also publish in mainstream literature. Data concerning degree of parochialism, age of references and use of vernacular literature are examined. The paper argues that it is misleading to characterize these peripheral scientific communities as principally stratified in function of local scientists' participation in mainstream science.

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The aim of this paper is to propose a cross-cultural approach to contemporary Hungarian-German minority literature comprising texts written both in German and in Hungarian in order to give an adequate description of the Hungarian-German minority’s literary scene. Also, the significance of this specific minority literature within the context of culture and heritage conservation and its true identity-forming potential can be analysed that way. First results indicate that Hungarian-German literature can help to (re)gain an authentic minority consciousness, but this requires not only a revaluation of the Hungarian-German literary institutions but also the capability to reinvent Hungarian-German literature on the part of the youngest generation of minority writers.

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A comparative analysis carried out on the literature citation characteristics of two sets of Mexican research documents produced in the veterinary field-the undergraduate thesis and the research journal article-revealed distinct patterns of literature usage on the part of the authors. It is suggested that the differences reflect the relative qualities of the research undertaken by two populations with distinct research competence and experience.

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A novel subject-delineation strategy has been developed for the retrieval of the core literature in bioinformatics. The strategy combines textual components with bibliometric, citation-based techniques. This bibliometrics-aided search strategy is applied to the 1980–2004 annual volumes of the Web of Science. Retrieved literature has undergone a structural as well as quantitative analysis. Patterns of national publication activity, citation impact and international collaboration are analysed for the 1990s and the new millennium.

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The paper presents results of a study of information science periodical literature included intoRZh-Informatika in the period 1977–1983. The distribution of papers among periodicals and their language pattern are shown. The list of 95 periodicals that rendered at least 12 papers per year is also presented. The results are compared with some data taken from theSSCI-JCR database. Connections between information science and scientometrics are investigated by the overlap of periodical literature in both fields.

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The paper tries to write both of the history of prose and poetry in the post-communist Bulgaria. It is worth emphasising since in the Bulgarian culture poetry enjoys a higher credit not only among literary genres but also among the arts in general. As a consequence female prose often reminds the structure and texture of contemporary music or visual art rather than of a discursive practice. It rarely relies on what it says or states, nevertheless it tries to articulate unknown female realities and feminine experiences, which, being insusceptible to fabulation, demand from female fiction a highly poetic potential. On the other hand, the most challenging female poetic voices are those who cast aside the dictate of the metaphor in favor of a poetic narrative, which is a strategy almost deprived of tradition in Bulgarian literature. Along the 1990s female literature - taken as literature written mainly by, on and for women - has been fighting on two fronts: first, against patriarchy and its symbolic order, providing the foundations of the Bulgarian literary canon; and second, against the alleged simple and shallow feminist discourse, against the supposed false addressing of female issues, against the enticing exits and vain exiles. This exigent exegesis wants to throw a bridge between approaches that either read female literature as exceptionally female, or indiscriminately as literature per se.

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The essay rehearses the often obscured entanglement of Literature and value by taking at its premise the historical emergence of the concept of literary value as tied to the realm of economics in the 18th century. A brief genealogical investigation of their confluence shows the privileged ontological status of Literature as a function of discourse implicated in classical economics’ labour theory of value that accompanies also the birth of aesthetic judgement. Once at the apex of the Humanities, where the knowledge of literary texts signified cultural achievement, ‘the worth of the value’ of Bildung (education), of capitalised Literature and of reading has diminished greatly in today’s world. Under threat by entrepreneurialism made possible by new advancing and exponentially expanding digital mnemotechnical devices that are overtaking print culture, the study of Literature, and with it the Humanities, are losing ground. Interest in questions of ‘literary value’, together with renewed reflection on the “singularity” of Literature, it is argued, are symptomatic of profound changes in cultural technology that require literary studies to rethink language as precisely a writer’s and a reader’s “capital”, and to revisit the oikonomia of language as the place of world-modelling and world-making.

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Abstract  

Travel literature has long and complex traditions. In the European context, Homer’s Odyssey constitutes the earliest representative masterpiece, followed by countless variations and modifications of the genre in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish literary practice over the centuries, including the realm of music as for example Schubert’s Winterreise and in more recent times the film as Wim Wender’s memorable depictions of the wasteland of capitalism in the American West. Travels in mysterious uncharted terri- tory as powerful metaphors of self-exploration also form an integral part of Australian literary consciousness (e.g. Patrick White’s Voss). Chinese literature also has a long and rich tradition of travel literature with its origins dating back well before its Western counterparts. The travel-motif as determining structural and thematic feature appears in numerous variations ranging from flying shamans, journeys in search of paradise or immortality, dangerous sea-journeys as for example Tang Ao’s miraculous adventures reminiscent of Gulliver’s travels, the life of the vagrant monks and robbers in popular literary works, the journeys of scholars to India in search of the Buddhist Scriptures, Kang Youwei’s utopian journeys to heaven, Mao Zedong’s Long March and his ritualistic crossing of the Yangtze in 1956 and 1966 and symbolic journeys in contemporary Chinese literature. The paper will focus specifically on exemplary works of Chinese literature and identify hallmarks of the genre.

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The paper examines the use of references by applicants and the examiners in US patent documents by R&D scientists from CSIR in India. It observes that scientists in CSIR use higher inputs of scientific information than the technical information in patenting. The examiners do make their own prior art search and add significantly to the patent and non-patent literature, which is distinctly different from the references given by the R&D scientists from CSIR. It identifies (a) the major disciplines and the sub-disciplines that contribute most of the scientific knowledge, and (b) the countries from where most references to patent literature are made. The applicants cite relatively less recent patent literature and more medium-term patent literature in comparison to citations by examiners. The paper observes that there is scope of improvement in making relevant prior art search, particularly, for patent literature by R&D scientists and in planning and organizing the information support for conducting patentable R&D in CSIR.

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Millet-un francais écrit pur ?

Le bruissement du français parlé dans l'écriture de Millet

Verbum
Author: Zuzana Malinovská

The language of the contemporary French author Richard Millet is often considered to be excessively traditional. The author strictly adheres to the stylistic rules of the written language which is in contrast with the spoken language of his characters. This study concentrates on the aesthetic effects of this tension between the spoken and written French in Millet's texts published in the last ten years.

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