Authors:C. Mahendiran, T. Maiyalagan, P. Vijayan, C. Suresh, and K. Shanthi
counting time of 5 s at each point. N 2 adsorption studies were carried out to examine the porous properties of each sample. The measurements were carried out on a Belsorpmini II (BEL Japan. Inc) instrument. All the samples were pre-treated in vacuum at
Authors:Bing Xue, Kai Jia, Jie Xu, Na Liu, Ping Liu, Chongfu Xu, and Yongxin Li
-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements were conducted using a Rigaku D/max2500PC diffractometer (Japan) with CuK α (λ = 1.54 Å) radiation. The diffractograms were recorded in the 2θ range 5–50° in 0.02° steps with a count time of 15 s.
N 2 adsorption
Authors:Masy Ari Ulinuha, Eko Mulyanto Yuniarno, I. Ketut Eddy Purnama, and Mochamad Hariadi
. Klasing , D. Althoff , D. Wollherr , and M. Buss , “ Comparison of surface normal estimation methods for range sensing applications ,” in IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation , Kobe, Japan , May 12–17, 2009 , 2009 , pp
The morphological characterization of catalyst surface was observed by SEM and EDX elemental analysis on an electron probe microanalyzer (S-4700, Hitachi, Japan) at 15 kv and 15 Pa
Authors:Yanxiang Liu, Xujie Lu, Feng Wu, and Nansheng Deng
prepared products were recorded by a Dmax-rA powder diffractometer (Rigaku, Japan), with Cu K α as a radiation source and a step width of 2θ = 0.02°.
The concentration of PPCPs was determined by HPLC [DIONEX P680, Kromasil 100-5C18 column (4
Authors:Z.K. Xie, S.Y. Yu, M. He, S.X. Yu, H.F. Xiao, and Y.D. Song
, Tokyo, Japan). 2.10 Statistical analysis The results were expressed as the mean values ± standard deviations. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was implemented by using Origin 8.0 followed by multiple tests in order to determine the significant
using a Minolta Spectrophotometer CM-3600 d (Japan) according to the CIE L * a * b * system. 1.9 Statistical analysis Experimental procedure used in this study was summarised in Figure 1 . The effect of applications on physical quality of bread samples
Authors:Haiying Wang, Yucheng Yang, Jianhong Wei, Ling Le, Yang Liu, Chunxu Pan, Pengfei Fang, Rui Xiong, and Jing Shi
. The surface morphologies of TNT arrays were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM, S-4800), transmission electron microscopy (TEM, JEM-2010) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (JEM 2010FEF HRTEM, JEOL, Japan). Raman spectra
Authors:Jong Wook Bae, A Rong Kim, Seung-Chan Baek, and Ki-Won Jun
.5°, respectively, was calculated by using the value of full width at half maximum (FWHM) with the help of the Scherrer equation.
The TPR experiment was carried out by using a Bel PCI 3135 (Bel Japan, inc.) instrument to elucidate the reduction behavior
Authors:G. Ucak Ozkaya, A. Besir, E. Metin, and M.Z. Durak
presumptive colonies were counted as log CFU g −1 following the incubation. 2.5 Colour analysis The colour of non-inoculated samples was quantified by colorimeter (Konica Minolta CR-400, Osaka, Japan). The values of L* , a* , and b* (luminosity