Search Results

You are looking at 151 - 160 of 1,466 items for :

  • "thermal behaviour" x
  • All content x
Clear All

The mono- and di-imines of some diaminonaphthalenes were prepared using a solid solid reaction technique. Their structures were studied using elemental analysis, infrared and electronic spectra. The thermal behaviour of the obtained compounds and their solid solid preparation reactions have also been studied. The energies of activation as well as the reaction orders of those reactions were determined.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The thermal behavior of montmorillonite and organically modified montmorillonite, both treated with heavy metal cations [Cu(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II)], was characterized via thermal analyses (TG, DTG and DTA) combined with evolved species gas mass spectrometry (MS-EGA), and X-ray diffraction at in situ controlled temperature (HTXRD). The reactions involving Cu(II)- and Cd(II)-montmorillonite samples are mostly related to H2O and OH loss, unlike Hg(II)-montmorillonite, where effects associated to Hg(II) loss are also present. Finally reactions related to dehydration, dehydroxylation and to organic matter decomposition can be observed in montmorillonite samples treated with cysteine.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The thermal behaviour of 2- and 4-biphenylmethanol were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was found that the 2-isomer shows a relatively strong resistance to crystallisation, and that it easily vitrifies on cooling. Oppositely, 4-biphenylmethanol readily crystallizes on cooling. The slow molecular mobility of 2-biphenylmethanol in the amorphous solid state was studied by DSC and by thermally stimulated depolarisation currents (TSDC). Both techniques indicate that 2-biphenylmethanol is a relatively strong glass-former, with a fragility index of ~50 in the Angell's scale.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The thermal decomposition studies for two palladium(II) complexes Pd(apyr)2Cl2 and Pd(pmpa)Cl2 (apyr=1–aminopyrene and pmpa=N–(2–pyridylmethylene)–1–pyrenylamine) were carried out in pure nitrogen using TG-DTG techniques. The non-isothermal kinetic parameters for the two complexes were evaluated employing the method suggested by Málek, esták, Koga et al. Based on the above results, thermal behaviour of the complexes were carefully discussed, which showed that not only the parameters value, but also the decomposition pattern and mechanism for complex 1 are different from complex 2.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The influence of additions of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 mass% Ag on the thermal behavior of the Cu–8 mass% Al alloy was studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). The results indicate that the presence of silver introduces new thermal events, due to the formation of a silver-rich phase and, for additions of 10 and 12 mass% Ag, it is possible to verify the formation of the γ1 phase (Cu9Al4) and the metastable transitions which are only observed in alloys with a minimum of 9 mass% Al.

Restricted access

The results of the investigations of thermal behaviour of Li2ZrO3, prepared in the amorphous state by means of sol-gel technique are demonstrated. The thermal treatment was carried out in air under constant heating rate of 5 deg·min−1 and cooling rate of 2.5 deg·min−1. The methods of DTA, TG, Emanation Thermal Analysis (ETA) and dilatometry were used, for characterization of the thermal behaviour in dynamic conditions. The X-ray diffraction patterns were used for characterization of the phase changes observed by TA Methods.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The thermal behaviour of ammonium nitrate (AN) and its prills coated with limestone and dolomite powder was studied on the basis of commercial fertilizer-grade AN and six Estonian limestone and dolomite samples. Coating of AN prills was carried out on a plate granulator and a saturated solution of AN was used as a binding agent. The mass of AN prills and coating material was calculated based on the mole ratio of AN/(CaO + MgO) = 2:1. Thermal behaviour of AN and its coated prills was studied using combined TG-DTA-FTIR equipment. The experiments were carried out under dynamic heating conditions up to 900 °C at the heating rate of 10 °C min−1 and for calculation of kinetic parameters, additionally, at 2, 5 and 20 °C min−1 in a stream of dry air. A model-free kinetic analysis approach based on the differential isoconversional method of Friedman was used to calculate the kinetic parameters. The results of TG-DTA-FTIR analyses and the variation of the value of activation energy E along the reaction progress α indicate the complex character of the decomposition of neat AN as well as of the interactions occurring at thermal treatment of AN prills coated with limestone and dolomite powder.

Restricted access

The thermal behaviour of hydroxide mixtures aimed at Mg-Al spinel preparation is reported. The mixtures of hydroxides were prepared by precipitation reaction from Mg and Al nitrate solutions, stoichiometric to the spinel formation. Hydroxide mixtures with different phase distributions were investigated, prepared by varying the precipitation procedure. The results were related to the thermal behaviour of mechanical mixtures of separately precipitated hydroxides. The spinel formation was identified performing XRD analysis on powder samples heated at different temperatures. The coprecipitated mixtures are completely decomposed to spinel at 400‡C. The presence of the Mg-Al mixed hydroxide phase in the mixture is of primary concern to get spinel at low temperatures.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymers are used as precursors for carbon fiber production. This process requires an oxidative stabilization step, which can be studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In this sense, thermal behavior of PAN based terpolymers by different polymerization processes, compositions and itaconic acid concentrations in the reaction media were investigated. The obtained results showed that the addition of itaconic acid and methyl acrylate as comonomers resulted a lower heat flow during the process comparing to the PAN homopolymer. It suggested that these comonomers aid the oxidative stabilization stage for all studied process. The redox system polymerization at 40C resulted in a lower heat flow. Itaconic acid decreases slightly initial and peak temperatures of the terpolymer and heat flow until concentration of 3y. The cyclization temperature decreases when MAis incorporated into the terpolymer compared to the MMA terpolymer and increases when MAA is the acidic monomer. Among terpolymers the AN/MA/AA polymer showed the best thermal behavior for carbon fiber producing.

Restricted access

The thermal behaviour of hydroxide mixtures, precursors to the synthesis of MgFe2O4 spinel powders, was investigated.

Restricted access