The embedded narrative of Adrastus (Stat. Theb. 1. 577–668) is full of verbal repetition and is echoed in later parts of the epic, especially the Nemean episode (Theb. 4–6). This paper investigates these intratextual parallels and tries to pin down the effects of these echoes. The verbal repetition highlights motifs that play an important role in the Thebaid as a whole and connects characters, events, motifs and episodes. This intratextuality sometimes creates unity, sometimes — contrarily — discontinuity or ambiguity. This article is a case study of Statius’ intratextual poetics, a field that has thus far received little attention in scholarship on the Thebaid.
Az alábbi tanulmányban amellett érvelek, hogy Platón Phaidrosának egyik passzusában tudatos és jól megszerkesztett allúzió olvasható Pindaros első pythói ódájára és az abban kulcsszerepet játszó Typhón mitikus alakjára. A nyelvi és gondolati párhuzamok elemzésével feltárulnak a platóni szövegrész eddig rejtett jelentésrétegei, többek között a Pindaroson túlmutató zenei metaforák. Ezzel együtt felszínre kerülnek olyan témák, mint egység és sokaság, zenei éthos és kritika, melyek Platón gondolatrendszerében központi jelentőségűek, és az elemzett passzus kifejezésmódját meghatározzák.
A driving force in Vergil’s Aeneid is the hostility of Juno to the Trojans as they approach, and finally arrive in Italy. The epic in some ways mirrors the opposition encountered by Augustus as the new ruler of Rome. Juno’s opposition to the Trojans has its origin not only in Greek mythology, but in the history of the local peoples of Italy with whom early Romans had to contend. From the outset of the poem she becomes the personification of these opposing forces. Once the Trojans finally reach mainland Italy, she sets in motion a long war, although the one depicted in the Aeneid was not as long as the real wars Romans waged with the Latin League and with the many of the tribes of Italy, including the Veii. The reality of the wars Rome had to contend with are here compared to the relatively brief one depicted in the Aeneid, and the pacification of Juno reflects the merging of the different peoples of Rome with their subjugator.
Authors:A. Dąbrowski, E. Mendyk, E. Robens, K. Skrzypiec, J. Goworek, Mariola Iwan, and Zofia Rzączyńska
We investigated lunar regolith collected during the Apollo 11, 12 and the Apollo 16 missions. The Apollo 11 and the Apollo
12 samples come from the lunar mare, whereas the Apollo 16 expedition brought back material from a highland region of the
near side of the Moon. In paper series we summarise in brief the results of measurements using photoelectron spectroscopy
(XPS), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), nitrogen adsorption, thermal analysis
(TG, DTA) and temperature-programmed reduction and oxidation (TPRO) method. Parts of samples were examined by means of scanning
electron (SEM/EDS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM).
Olson , S. D. 2012 : The ‘Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite’ and Related Texts . Berlin–Boston
Richardson , N. 2010 : Three Homeric Hymns: To Apollo, Hermes, and Aphrodite. Hymns 3, 4, and 5 . Cambridge
Vergados , A. 2013 : The ‘Homeric
The author's intention is to prove that the poetic structure of Callimachus' Hymn to Apollo is in fact a realisation of Apolline aesthetics. While perfecting divine art and poetry, however, the poet does not become conceited, unlike mythical figures such as Arachne, Marsyas or Thamyris. It is this trait that compels Apollo to push his own envy off the cliffs of Olympus, and declare his benevolence towards the Apolline poet.
Authors:Z. Řanda, J. Benada, J. Kuncíř, M. Vobecký, and J. Frána
The elemental compositions of Apollo 11 and Apollo 12 lunar soil samples 10084,141 and 12070,83 and Apollo 12 rock fragment
12063,73 were determined by non-destructive radioanalytical methods. Main mineral fractions and glasses separated from these
samples were analyzed as well. Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) was used to determine Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca,
Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zr, Cs, Ba La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, W, Ir, Au, Th and U. A method
of delayed neutron counting was used for the determination of uranium, and non-dispersive radioisotopic X-ray fluorescence
analysis was applied to the determination of Ti, Fe, Sr, Y and Zr.
Authors:E. Robens, A. Bischoff, A. Schreiber, and K. Unger
Recently we published results of investigations of the surface properties of three lunar soil samples from the Apollo 11,
12 and 16 missions. In the present paper we summarise and supplement the results of measurements of density using a helium
pycnometer, krypton and nitrogen adsorption using volumetric techniques and of water, heptane and octane adsorption using
gravimetric techniques. We present additional diagrams and electron micrographs.
Re-examination of a vast amount of lead and xenon isotope data that have been accumulated since the Apollo 11 landing on the moon in July 1969 reveals that some of the lunar fines and breccia started to retain their radiogenic lead and fissiogenic xenon isotopes about 5 billion years ago when the ratios of235U and244Pu to238U in the early solar system were approximately 4 and 2 atoms per 10 atoms of238U, respectively.