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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: N. Khantisophon, D. Montet, G. Loiseau, S. Rakshit, W. Stevens, and R. Ray

Cassava ( Manihot esculenta Crantz) starch-based vegetable beverage (cassava milk) was formulated to get a composition close to that of cow’s milk with 3% cassava starch, 4% soybean proteins, 3% soybean oil and 0.3% calcium citrate. Heat treatment of the dry starch at 110 °C for 6 h was done prior to the addition of other components to stabilise milk and to avoid gelatinisation. The most stable form of cassava milk that did not separate into two phases for 10 days was obtained by homogenisation at high pressure 12,000 psi/5 min. Milk with starch particle size of 10 μm was found to have sensory qualities close to that of cow’s milk with white colour and viscosity of 7.8 cP. Cassava milk homogenised at 12,000 psi/5 min with cow’s milk (50%) and aromatised with 1% chocolate flavour was given the highest score by 20 sensory panellists. The final product was a white milky solution with good taste, good digestibility, homogeneous, physically and microbiologically stable, and had a nutritional composition similar to that of cow’s milk.

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taxonomic study 1984 Kurtzman, C.P. (1987): Prediction of biological relatedness among yeasts from comparisons of

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Gaston , E., Frias , J., Cullen , P., O’Donnell , C.P. & Gowen , A. (2011): Hyperspectral imaging for the detection of microbial spoilage of mushrooms. Oral presentation MCF1004 at the 11th International Conference of Engineering and Food . Athens

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18 835 848 Pereira , C.C., Riberio Jr. , C.P., Nobrega , R. & Borges , C.P. (2006): Pervaporative recovery of volatile aroma

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. Tiwari , B.K. , O’Donnell , C.P. , Muthukumarappan , K. & Cullen , P.J. ( 2008 a): Effect of ultrasound processing on the quality and nutritional properties of fruit juices . Stewart Postharvest Rev. , 5 , 1 – 6

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. PEREIRA , C.C. , RIBERIO , C.P. & NOBREGA , R. , BORGES , C.P. ( 2006 ): Pervaporative recovery of volatile aroma compounds from fruit juices . J. Membrane Sci. , 274 , 1 – 23

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. M artin , J.F. , M ccoy , C.P. , G reenleaf , W. & B ennett , L. ( 1987 ): Analysis of 2-methylisoborneol in water, mud, and channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus ) from commercial culture ponds in Mississippi . Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci

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antagonistic bacteria Source Isolate code L. monocytogenes S . Hartford Y. enterocolitica E. coli Vegetable 6/2 Z (+) – – – processing plant C2Z – – (+) – Swine abattoir CP-P-2 (+) – – – CP-P-5 – + (+) (+) CP-P-8 – – (+) – CP-S-8 – – – (+) Egg processing CSE

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Gaze, R.H., Calvo-Bado, L., Challen, M.P., Adie, B. & Romaine, C.P. (2000): A new virus disease of Agaricus bisporus ? -in: Van Griensven, L.J.L.D. (Ed.), Science and cultivation of edible fungi Balkema . Rotterdam, Netherlands, 2, pp. 701

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Alireza, S., Tan, C.P., Hamed, M.& Cheman, Y.B. (2010): Effect of frying process on fatty acid composition and iodine values of selected vegetable oils and their blends. Int. Fd Res. J. , 17 , 295

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