Highly cited articles are interesting because of the potential association between high citation counts and high quality research.
This study investigates the 82 most highly cited Information Science and Library Science’ (IS&LS) articles (the top 0.1%)
in the Web of Science from the perspectives of disciplinarity, annual citation patterns, and first author citation profiles.
First, the relative frequency of these 82 articles was much lower for articles solely in IS&LS than for those in IS&LS and
at least one other subject, suggesting that that the promotion of interdisciplinary research in IS&LS may be conducive to
improving research quality. Second, two thirds of the first authors had an h-index in IS&LS of less than eight, show that
much significant research is produced by researchers without a high overall IS&LS research productivity. Third, there is a
moderate correlation (0.46) between citation ranking and the number of years between peak year and year of publication. This
indicates that high quality ideas and methods in IS&LS often are deployed many years after being published.
Theories of citation are as elusive as theories of information science, which have been debated for decades. But as a basis
for discussion I offer the term citationology as the theory and practice of citation, including its derivative disciplines
citation analysis and bibliometrics Several maxims, commandments if you will, have been enunciated. References are the results
of a specialized symbolic language with a citation syntax and grammar. References, like words, have multiple meanings which
are related to the aposteriori quality of citation indexes. Therefore, citation relevance cannot be predicted. Mathematical
microtheories in bibliometrics abound, including the apposite laws of scattering and concentration. Citation behavior is a
vast sub-set of citation theory, which like citation typology, can never be complete. Deviant citation behavior preoccupies
certain authors but it is rarely significant in well-designed citation analyses, where proper cohorts are defined. Myths about
uncitedness and the determinants of impact are discussed, as well as journal impact factors as surrogates and observations
on scientists of Nobel Class.
After two years at Johns Hopkins investigating “machine documentation,” and another year as a student of library science,
I became, fortuitously, a documentation consultant. By 1954, I called myself an information engineer, which was an apt description
of my professional consulting activities. However, Pennsylvania licensing law requires that engineers be graduates of engineering
schools. So I became an information scientist! I've never thought of myself as an information theoretician and have been skeptical
about a need for a theory of information science. I've practiced information science and engineering without explicit theoretical
support. But undoubtedly there are underlying principles which can guide information scientists who, like myself, could be
called “citationists” or “citationologists”. If there is a theory and practice of citation, it should probably be called citationology.
LibraryScience and Documentation. Indian National Documentation Centre, Delhi, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1971. pp. 105-116.
The use of logical models in solving topical problems of research management. Annals of LibraryScience and
Authors:Ludo Waltman, Erjia Yan, and Nees Jan van Eck
the Web of Science subject category Information Science & LibraryScience were considered. JASIST together with the 47 selected journals constituted our delineation of the LIS field. From the journals within our delineation, we selected all 12
and Information and librarysciences in the social sciences domain. Furthermore, our analysis will only use normal articles published in these journals.
As stated above, criticism on Journal Impact
Gallegher, J. J., Rawlings, J. E. and Gallegher, A. H. (1994): Bibliography and species citation index of world literature on rotifera in the John J. Gallager collection. - British LibraryScience Reference and Information Service and Technical